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Flashcards in WGU C100 Neoclassical Deck (14)
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1

Match the following work to its description:
A. Painting by Jacques-Louis David that shows three brothers swearing their allegiance to Rome and that became an inspiration for French revolutionaries.
B. A 35-volume compilation of human knowledge that is viewed as one of the crowning achievements of Enlightenment thinking.
C. A play by Moliere that utilizes satire to expose hypocrisy and offer religious and social criticism.
D. Musical composition by Haydn in which the strings create a rhythmic sound that imitates a ticking clock.
E. Jonathan Swift's satire of human nature.

C. Tartuffe

D. Symphony No. 101 in D Major

B. Encyclopédie

E. Gulliver's Travels

A. Oath of the Horatii

2

Which of the following statements would a Deist philosopher during the Enlightenment subscribe to?
A: A Deist would believe that God is one’s constant companion and personal savior.
B: A Deist would believe that the existence of God cannot be proven through human reason.
C: A Deist would believe that God created the universe and decreed its order.
D: A Deist would believe that God has a personal plan for each human being.

A Deist would believe that God created the universe and decreed its order.

3

Which of the following philosophical approaches relies on direct observation and experimentation?
A: Epicureanism
B: Rationalism
C: Empiricism
D: Utilitarianism

C: Empiricism

4

Which of the following statements is true of Classical music?

A: It developed at the same time as the ancient Classical Period in the visual arts, literature and philosophy.
B: It coincided with the Neoclassical movement in the visual arts and emphasized lyrical melodies over more homophonic texture.
C: It embraced much of the musical tradition of the Renaissance including a focus on Madrigal songs.
D: It favored the more intricate, complex and embellished structure popular in the Baroque Period.

B: It coincided with the Neoclassical movement in the visual arts and emphasized lyrical melodies over more homophonic texture.

5

How did slave narratives, such as The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, affect cultural exchange and diversity within the Enlightenment period?

A: Cultural exchange and diversity was stifled by the popularity of the slave narrative which put forth a limited view of slavery.
B: Slave narratives were popular forms of entertainment and were widely considered fictional.
C: Slave narratives confirmed the pro-slavery sentiments popular in the American South during this time.
D: Social progress was aided through realistic depictions of the living conditions of slaves.

D: Social progress was aided through realistic depictions of the living conditions of slaves.

6

How does the Neoclassical Period influence contemporary culture?

A: The religious view of Deism developed in the Neoclassical Period continues to be widely accepted today.
B: Neoclassical art’s emphasis on order and clarity continue to be key themes of contemporary art in the Postmodern Period.
C: Contemporary political satire, including shows like The Daily Show, traces its roots to the use of political satire in the Neoclassical Period.
D: The opulent sets and costumes of today’s theatre stand in stark contrast to the spare, simplistic trappings of Neoclassical theatre.

C: Contemporary political satire, including shows like The Daily Show, traces its roots to the use of political satire in the Neoclassical Period.

7

Which of the following are major themes of the Enlightenment? (Choose all that apply)

A: Deism
B: Deconstructionism
C: Empiricism
D: Order
E: Passion
F: Divine Right of Kings

A: Deism

C: Empiricism

D: Order

8

Why is Voltaire's novel Candide a significant work from the Enlightenment?

A: It uses an ironic tone to celebrate certain political and religious figures who were popular at the time.
B: It is one of the first literary works to give a practical plan for building a utopian society based on Christian ideals.
C: It is skeptical of philosophers who believe this is the best of all possible worlds
D: It explores themes of industry and revolution, showing how these modern advances have exploited the poor.

C: It is skeptical of philosophers who believe this is the best of all possible worlds

9

Why is Jacques-Louis David's painting The Death of Marat typical of the Neoclassical style? (Select two)

A: It uses sharp, clean lines and chiaroscuro.
B: It is characterized by a playful tone and ornate embellishment.
C: The figure has a sculpted quality, inspired by Classical statues.
D: It has even, diffused lighting and distinct brushstrokes.

A: It uses sharp, clean lines and chiaroscuro.

C: The figure has a sculpted quality, inspired by Classical statues.

10

How did the rise of capitalism affect cultural exchange in the Enlightenment?

A: The rise of capitalism created a barrier between North America and European nations, allowing individuals to concentrate solely on their own traditions.
B: The rise of capitalism helped to increase the exchange of information, allowing intellectuals to form new opinions rather than relying on the bias of tradition.
C: The rise of capitalism increased the welfare of the slaves, whose songs were published during the period, allowing them to gain personal profit for the first time.
D: The rise of capitalism allowed for the exchange of information, which in turn caused individuals to cling to the influence of traditional values.

B: The rise of capitalism helped to increase the exchange of information, allowing intellectuals to form new opinions rather than relying on the bias of tradition.

11

Why did many Enlightenment thinkers reject slavery?

A: They embraced the dignity of individual human reason and thought, regardless of racial background.
B: They were fascinated with African culture because of artists’ and writers’ interest in exoticism.
C: They hoped to enlist slaves in their revolutionary plans to reform the governments of Europe and North America.
D: They believed slavery to be an antiquated legal institution that belonged to the Classical ways of thinking.

A: They embraced the dignity of individual human reason and thought, regardless of racial background.

12

Which of the following are characteristic uses of political satire? (Choose 1)

A: To unify and embolden
B: To criticize and entertain
C: To preserve and protect
D: To celebrate and dignify

B: To criticize and entertain

13

Which of the following statements about philosophical works in the Enlightenment is false?

A: Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s theory of the “noble savage” placed the burden of educating Native Americans on the upper class and nobility.
B: Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women were capable of rationality and should be educated in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
C: Denis Diderot’s Encyclopédie represented a fundamental principle of the Enlightenment: to accumulate, codify, and preserve human knowledge.
D: John Locke’s Two Treatise of Government advocated a more representative form of government, paving the way for more modern democracies.

A: Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s theory of the “noble savage” placed the burden of educating Native Americans on the upper class and nobility.

14

How do themes of the Enlightenment contrast with themes of the Renaissance Period? (Choose Two)

A: The Enlightenment valued the order and clarity of classical art, while the Renaissance Period focused on the classical ideas of humanism.
B: The Enlightenment focused on the divine right of kings, whereas the Renaissance Period focused on themes of revolution.
C: The Enlightenment embraced Deism’s understanding of God as a grand architect, while the Renaissance Period explored Catholic and Protestant teachings.
D: The Enlightenment explored polytheism, while the Renaissance Period emphasized monotheism.
E: The Enlightenment emphasized the importance of self-fashioning, while the Renaissance embraced skepticism.

A: The Enlightenment valued the order and clarity of classical art, while the Renaissance Period focused on the classical ideas of humanism.

C: The Enlightenment embraced Deism’s understanding of God as a grand architect, while the Renaissance Period explored Catholic and Protestant teachings.