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Flashcards in WGU C100 Classical period Deck (15)
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1

Match the work with the description:
A. Emphasized the themes of order and balance in its construction as a temple to the goddess Athena, patron of Athens.
B. Applied reason and logical thought to ideas about government and how to live a good, balanced life.
C. An epic poem narrating the story of an ideal Greek hero who combined all the greatest virtues of Greek culture, as well as showing his interaction with the Greek pantheon of gods.
D. A story of a man who lives his life not knowing the truth of his parentage and whose pride ultimately causes him to ignore his flawed humanity, resulting in the ultimate punishment of blindness and exile.
E. A play about heroic women who withhold sex from their husbands in order to end the Peloponnesian war and force a more democratic, egalitarian political climate.

B. The Republic

D. Oedipus Rex

C. The Odyssey

A. The Parthenon

E. Lysistrata

2

Sappho's lyric poem "A Lament for Adonis" represents what major theme of the Classical Period?
A: The theme of polytheism because it depicts the Roman Empire’s conversion to Christianity.
B: The theme of humanism because it emphasizes human passions and emotions rather than idealized gods.
C: The theme of balance because it uses the Socratic Method to show that men should be more like the gods.
D: The theme of the chivalry because it depicts how a noble man should court a woman.

B: The theme of humanism because it emphasizes human passions and emotions rather than idealized gods.

3

Why is the statue The Metropolitan Kouros a notable example of Greek sculpture?
A: It emphasized martial prowess and symbolized the power of the empire.
B: It utilized contrapposto to emphasize the asymmetry of the human form.
C: It was designed along the Greek cross plan and was the first lifelike representation of a man.
D: It utilized vertical and horizontal symmetry in creating the human form.

D: It utilized vertical and horizontal symmetry in creating the human form.

4

Which of the following is an innovation during the Classical Period that was based on balance and reason?
A: The development of Western philosophy and the ideas that underlie the modern scientific method.
B: The development of the first system of universities, which are still important today.
C: Advances made in architecture such as pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses.
D: Advances made in ballet, with the codification of standard positions and moves.

A: The development of Western philosophy and the ideas that underlie the modern scientific method.

5

What is the primary difference between Greek and Roman societies?
A: The Greeks were primarily agricultural village-dwellers, while the Romans were urban cosmopolitans.
B: The Greeks lived in democratically-run city-states while the Romans had a larger centralized republic and eventually empire.
C: Greek society centered around outdoor plays while Roman society focused on music and poetry.
D: The Greeks worshipped a pantheon of mythological gods while the Romans were primarily monotheistic.

B: The Greeks lived in democratically-run city-states while the Romans had a larger centralized republic and eventually empire.

6

How do the visual art and architecture of Greece and Rome differ (choose 2)?
A: Much of the sculpture in Greece was focused on honoring deities and elevating the human form while Rome used art predominantly to glorify the Roman Empire.
B: Greek and Roman art and architecture used artistic motifs that originated in Egyptian art and architecture.
C: The art and architecture of Greece and Rome were extremely similar, so differences are minor and inconsequential.
D: The art and architecture of Greece and Rome developed separately, so they share little in common.
E: The Greeks relied on post-and-lintel construction, and the Romans developed the use of columns and arches to design larger buildings.

A: Much of the sculpture in Greece was focused on honoring deities and elevating the human form while Rome used art predominantly to glorify the Roman Empire.

E: The Greeks relied on post-and-lintel construction, and the Romans developed the use of columns and arches to design larger buildings.

7

Which of the following reflects the theme of humanism in the Classical Period? (Choose 2)
A: Romans worshipped many of the same gods that the Greeks did, especially the Muses.
B: Greek philosophers questioned the truth of ancient religious myths in which gods acted unjustly.
C: Monotheistic religions competed with the polytheism of the Greek and Roman religions.
D: Aristotle investigated qualities that led to human excellence and made for a good life.
E: Greek philosophers encouraged people to emulate the gods as examples of ideal humans.

A: Romans worshipped many of the same gods that the Greeks did, especially the Muses.

D: Aristotle investigated qualities that led to human excellence and made for a good life.

8

Which of the following types of cultural exchange took place during the Classical Period?
A: Greek polytheistic religion quelled many outside influences and led to the eventual demise of the Greek pantheon.
B: The Greeks borrowed the alphabet of the Phoenicians and used Egyptian influences in their sculpture.
C: The Roman Empire fell because it allowed too much diversity from different European cultures.
D: The Romans were influenced by the militarism of the Egyptians when creating the busts of important leaders.

B: The Greeks borrowed the alphabet of the Phoenicians and used Egyptian influences in their sculpture.

9

Which of the following were the main means of cultural exchange during the Classical Period? (Choose 2)
A: Greece and Rome’s proximity to the Mediterranean Sea facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas with other civilizations.
B: The Silk Road provided access to Asia, allowing Eastern religions such as Buddhism and Daoism to filter into Europe along with goods.
C: Pilgrimages by Greeks and Romans to religious sites in the East brought back important religious artifacts and ideas.
D: The Golden Road between Greece and Asia brought a steady stream of goods, artistic influences, and religious ideas.
E: The Asiatic Sea provided a ready means for transport of goods between Greece, Rome, and Asia, including Eastern religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism.

A: Greece and Rome’s proximity to the Mediterranean Sea facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas with other civilizations.

B: The Silk Road provided access to Asia, allowing Eastern religions such as Buddhism and Daoism to filter into Europe along with goods.

10

Which of the following aspects of life today are directly influenced by the Classical Period? (Choose 2)
A: Democracy
B: Globalization
C: U.S. National Monuments
D: Free verse poetry
E: Performance art

A: Democracy

C: U.S. National Monuments

11

How does the contemporary film Oh Brother, Where Art Thou? represent classical influence?
A: It follows the structure of a “coming of age” novel, in which an inexperienced protagonist encounters challenges that lead to him to mature and gain self-knowledge.
B: It employs the conventions of a comedy of manners, in which the protagonist satirizes the hypocrisy of high society.
C: The protagonist’s journey draws on a number of motifs, themes, and characters from the classical epic The Odyssey.
D: The protagonist completes his heroic quest while displaying the ideals of chivalry in his actions.

C: The protagonist’s journey draws on a number of motifs, themes, and characters from the classical epic The Odyssey.

12

In his work, The Republic, Plato describes how best to create a fair and orderly society. Which of the following most closely represents his argument?
A: People are incapable of using reason and rationality to create harmony and justice, and therefore, they must be ruled by the gods who are able to determine right from wrong.
B: People will naturally use their abilities to reason and think logically to make fair decisions, which will result in a just and harmonious society.
C: People are able to think rationally, but they are they are predisposed to act in their own self-interest, so they should be ruled by a philosopher-king who makes decisions based on reason and justice.
D: People live most of their lives in ignorance and can only believe what they see, so they must be ruled by philosophers who possess the ability to use reason to determine virtue and morality

C: People are able to think rationally, but they are they are predisposed to act in their own self-interest, so they should be ruled by a philosopher-king who makes decisions based on reason and justice.

13

How did Aristotle's teaching reflect humanism in the Classical Period?
A: He argued that reason is necessary to guide humans to right behavior and that achieving balance through the Golden Mean creates a virtuous character.
B: He argued that human nature is attracted to evil and only through strict adherence to religious teachings might an individual find virtue.
C: He argued that the greatest happiness can be found in the rejection of religion and the grasping of material comforts, such as wealth and glory.
D: He argued that humans are inclined to be good so they have no need of reason or logic and should base their behavior on natural desire.

A: He argued that reason is necessary to guide humans to right behavior and that achieving balance through the Golden Mean creates a virtuous character.

14

Which musical fragments were dedicated to the god Apollo and are among the earliest examples of written music?
A: Gregorian Chant
B: The Delphic Hymns
C: The Chorus
D: The Lysistrata

B: The Delphic Hymns

15

Which of the following are themes introduced in the Classical Period (choose 2)?
A: Feudalism and chivalry
B: Ornamentation and Theatrum Mundi
C: A focus on balance and reason
D: Divine right and absolutism
E: A focus on humanism and truth

C: A focus on balance and reason

E: A focus on humanism and truth