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Which organisation initiated the original creation of the ITIL processes

UK Govt


When was ITIL 4 released

Beginning of 2019


ITIL is set apart from other frameworks through it's emphasis of every organisation being what type of organisation

ITIL's emphasis on every organisation being a service organisation set's it apart from other frameworks.


What system is ITIL based on

The Service Value System aka SVS


The SVS takes the Opportunity or Demand of services and produces services or products that produce Value. What accomplishes this?

The Service Value Chain aka SVC


What does the Service Value Chain do...

The SVC does the following:

- Operates with defined **Practices**
- is, Ruled by corporate **Governance,** and the ITIL **Guiding Principals**
- and a culture of **Continual Improvement**


Define Service Management

Service Management - Set of specialized organisational capabilities for enabling value for customers in the form of services


Define Service and give an example

- **Service -** A means of enabling value co-creation by facilitating outcomes that customers want to achieve, without the customer having to manage specific costs and risks. *ITIL 4 now recognises that the customer is part of the co-creation of value as opposed to previously where it was the providers responsibility only*
- A service could be paying in a cheque, previously you would need do this by taking the cheque to the bank. However you could deploy a "Service" to do this via taking a photo with your phone. Aspects of co-creation here require the user to have a phone and keep it updated.


What types of Service Consumers does ITIL recognise


Bear in mind that these can be 3 different people or the same person


Define the Customer

Customer - Person who defines the requirements for a service and takes responsibility for the outcomes of service consumption


Define the User

- **User -** Person who uses the service


Define the Sponsor

Sponsor - Person who authorizes budget for service consumption


List some of the Other Stakeholders

- Service Provider or organisation itself
- Service Provider Employees
- Society in Community - all these parties operate within
- Charity Organisations
- Shareholders


What is meant by the term value co-creation

The acknowledgement that value is created by both the Service Provider and Service Consumer


Define Value

Value - Perceived, benefits, usefulness and importance of something


What are some of the points around VALUE

- It is co-created.
- Involving multiple stakeholders - Customer and Service Provider at a minimum
- Value is subject to perception of stakeholders (i.e. customer and user can think a service is great but the sponsor can disagree with the value provided)
- Value deals with **COSTS** and **RISKS**
- Values can be subjective


What type of costs does ITIL recognise

Removed Costs
Imposed Costs


Define both Removed and Imposed Costs

- **Removed Costs** - removed from the consumer by the service (cost of Server Hardware in cloud)
- **Imposed Costs -** Costs incurred by using the service (Line Rental and Router for your internet connection


Define Risk(s)

**Possible event that can cause harm or loss**

**Event with an uncertainty of outcome either positive or negative**


What types of risks doe ITIL recognise

Removed Risks
Imposed Risks


Define both Removed and Imposed Risks

- **Removed Risks -** Risks removed from the consumer by the service offered, a service may only reduce a risk but a consumer will determine a reduction can be valuable
- **Imposed Risks** - Risks of service consumption. It is down to the service provided to educate on these risks as the consumer may not understand them. (AKA what could and might possibly happen


Why is Utility and Warranty evaluated

Utility and Warranty is evaluated to see if the service meets the consumers needs and/or wants


Define Utility and give some points about it

- **Utility -** Fit for purpose.
- What the service does
- What Functionality does it provide
- Does it remove a constraint or improve performance
- You can create Apps all day long but if they don't help the consumer there is no ultility or purpose


Define Warranty and give some points about it

- **Warranty** - Fit for Use
- Is the Website available, does it have enough capacity, it it continuous (DR), do you have appropriate security
- You can have a cool and useful App but if you don't have warranty it doesn't matter


Define Service Relationship within the Service Relationship model

## Service Relationship Model

- **Service Relationship** - A cooperation between a service provider and a service consumer. Service relationships include service provision, service consumption and service relationship management.
- Organisations can provide a service to a consumer and then this consumer can become a provider to another consumer.


Define Service Provision

- **Service Provision -** Activities performed to provide services, managing providers resources, giving access to resources to users, fulfilling service agreements and performing service level management and continuous improvement


Define Service Consumption

Service Consumption - Activities performed by organisation to consume services, managing consumers resources to consume a service (i.e. you need to charge and update your phone to use a new app), this can also include the receiving of goods


Define Service Management

Service Consumption - Activities performed by organisation to consume services, managing consumers resources to consume a service (i.e. you need to charge and update your phone to use a new app), this can also include the receiving of goods