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Flashcards in What is science Deck (15)
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1

What was Hippocrates theory?

β†’ 4 humors of body
β†’ disease is caused by the imbalance of humors

2

What are the three steps of science?

β†’ Observation
β†’ Exploration
β†’ Classification

3

What is the definition of induction?

β†’ Inference of a generalized conclusion from particular instances

4

What is the hypothetico-deductive method?

β†’ Observations
β†’ Hypothesis
β†’ Predictions
β†’ Test

either
β†’ predictions confirmed β†’ move on
β†’ predictions refuted β†’ back to the beginning

5

What is the definition of a Karl Popper refutation?

β†’ A scientific theory is a theory that makes predictions that are capable of refutation

6

What does scientific confidence require?

β†’ Multiple independent lines of evidence
β†’ Believable theory to make sense of evidence

7

What did John Snow study?

β†’ Cholera epidemics in london

8

What is Thomas Kuhns definition of a paradigm?

β†’ A body of agreed knowledge and ways of working

9

What is the dictionary definition of a paradigm?

β†’ An ideal model or example

10

What did Louis pasteur and robert koch do?

β†’ Demonstrated that bacteria caused disease

11

What is a paradigm in medicine?

β†’ Medical microbiology

12

What is relativism?

β†’ The concept that different ways of looking at things are equally valid

13

What is homeopathy?

β†’ Taking a toxin that causes the same symptoms
β†’ Dilute it a lot
β†’ It will cure the disease

14

What is the central dogma of molecular biology?

DNA β†’ RNA β†’ Protein

15

How has the central dogma of molecular biology changed?

β†’ Reverse transcriptase can go from RNA back to DNA