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Flashcards in What is the Old Testament? Deck (19)
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1

How many original manuscripts do we have for the book of Genesis?

0

2

True or false: The Old Testament is one continuous narrative.

False

3

True or false: The books of the Bible were not separated into chapters and verses until the Middle Ages.

True

4

The Septuagint is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into _____.

Greek

5

True or false: The first five books of the Bible contain a significant amount of legal material.

True

6

In the Tanakh, the book of ___ is found in the writings, but in the Christian canon, it follows the book of Judges.

Ruth

7

What is an appropriate translation of the Hebrew word Torah?

Teaching, law, instruction, or guidance

8

Israel

9

What does the word Israel mean, literally, based on the components of the name?

"El" at the end of IsraEL means "God," and the "sra" comes from "Sura" meaning to fight, contend, or strive. Literally Israel could mean "God fights" (as in God's protective nature of God's people Israel) or Israel could also mean "strives with God" (as in Israel's struggle with God). 

10

What can the name Israel refer to in ancient context? 

1. The man Jacob 

2. People who descended from Jacob

3. Nation with government In united monarchy, a large portion of territory

4. Kingdom in divided monarchy, only the northern territories

5. The Judeans who came back from exile 

11

The tetragrammaton, or YHWH, is the sort of polite name used for God that fell out of favor in the 4th-3rd centuries BCE. 

12

What name for God was used more frequently after the tetragrammaton fell out of favor, and when was it used (in what century)? 

Adonai, which means "my Lord," gained popularity after the tetragrammaton fell out of favor between the 4th-3rd centuries BCE. 

13

How did the name Jehovah come to be?

Jehovah is a word that began its use in the 1600s CE. It comes from the misunderstanding of ancient Hebrew scribal practice, in which the scribes used the consonants from the tetragrammaton but the vowels for Adonai ("my Lord"), but occasionally the KJV and other translations mixed those consonants and vowels from two separate terms for God and came up with the mis-translation of Jehovah. 

14

What were the five books of the Bible that comprised the Torah?

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy

15

What were the nine critical moments in Israel's story and faith?

1. Creation

2. The Call of Abraham

3. Exodus (Sinai and Covenant)

4. Conquest and Settlement

5. Establishment of the Monarchy

6. Division of the Monarchy (Israel/Judah)

7. Fall of Israel (Rise of Assyria)

8. Fall of Judah (Rise of Babylon)

9. Return and Restoration (Rise of Persia)

16

Recite the Must-Know Timeline

1250 B.C./B.C.E.      Moses and Exodus (?)

1200-1000            Conquest, Settlement, Judges (?)

1000                     David/United Monarchy (?[?])

922                       Division of the Kingdom

722                       Fall of Northern Kingdom, Israel

587             Fall of the Southern Kingdom, Judah

538                  Edict of Cyrus ; Return from Exile

515                       Completion of Second Temple

450                            Ezra and the Law

17

Yeshua, or Yehoshua, Jesus- "He saves" or "YHWH will save" 

18

Christos, or Christ, means "annointed" or "to annoint" and it means that Jesus is annointed to be a king.

19

Kurious is linked with Adonay, meaning "is the Lord," which ties Jesus with Christ (annointed one) with the title of God (Lord) to make one of the earliest Christian affirmations, linking Jesus with the Old Testament.