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Flashcards in Who Caused WW2 Deck (24)
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1
Q

What were Hitler’s aims?

A

Take Germany out of the LON
reverse the treaty
Expand Germany into Eastern Europe to create Lebensraum
Grosse Deutschland to unite German speaking individuals

2
Q

What was the return of the Saar?

A

A plebiscite was held in the Saar that went in favour by 90% of the Saar returning to Germany. Seen as a triumph against the ToV

3
Q

What were the aims of the non aggressive pact with Poland?

A

Date: 1934
Weakness alliances with France and Poland
Reduce Polish fears of German invasion
Show that he had no quarrel with Poland and only with the USSR

4
Q

Anglo German Naval Treaty?

A

Date: 1935
Hitler used Britains sympathy with Germany about the tov.
Britain agreed that Germany was allowed to build their navy to 35% of the size of the British Navy

5
Q

Remilitarisation of the Rhine, what was the situation?

A

Date: 1936
Obvious breach of the treaty
German troops were in no position to stand up to the French army if they attacked.

6
Q

Anschluss with Austria?

A

Date:1938
Hitler bullied Austrian chancellor into accepting Nazi rule.
The chancellor ordered a plebiscite all over Austria.
Hitler feared he’d lose so moved German troops into Austria and threatened to invade.
The Nazis then organised their own vote and had it fixed so they would win??

7
Q

Appeasement advantages?

A

Delayed a war
Kept the public happy as Germany was sympathised with
Communism was seen as a bigger threat than Germany
Britain was not ready for war
Britain was still preoccupied with the depression

8
Q

Appeasement disadvantages?

A

Gave Hitler more time and therefore a rearmament advantage
The allies allowed Hitler to break international treaties
Opportunities to stop Hitler were missed
It did not stop the war

9
Q

Hat Hellenes in the Sudetenland?

A

Date: 1938
Hitler ordered Henlein (leader of the Sudeten Germans) to stir up trouble.
German news papers produced allegations of crimes against Germans in the Sudetenland.
Hitler threatened war if no solution was found
The Sudetenland was then given to Germany

10
Q

What was the Munich agreement?

A

It was the meeting (in which the Czechs weren’t invited) where the allies handed over the Sudetenland to support their policy of appeasement

11
Q

What was the Nazi-Soviet pact?

A

Date- 1938 to 1939
A peace treaty between the USSR and Germany to not attack in the event of a war
Both powers secretly agreed to divide up Poland when it was invaded
Stalin was allowed to occupy boltic states

12
Q

Us involvement in Vietnam before 1954?

A

The Us supported the French, who were the original communists, against the communists in the North

13
Q

Us support 1954-60?

A

1.6 billion dollars in aid
Us military advisers to prepare for the elections in 1956
Backing Diems refusal to hold an election in fear of the communists winning.

14
Q

Us involvement 1961-63?

A

Sending even more military advisers (11,000)

Try and prevent communist take over by positively moving villages that were in Viêt Congo occupied areas

15
Q

Guerrilla warfare?

A

Tactics used by Viêt cong
Use of booby traps and ambushes and then disappearing
Public support for the Viêt cong meant they could blend in

16
Q

Us responses to Vietcong tactics?

A
  1. Operation Rolling thunder 1965
  2. Hearts and minds (try win over public support)
  3. Search and destroy missions
  4. Agent Orange and Napalm
17
Q

TV war?

A

Means it was broadcast publicly across America to show how the US was continuing communism. This meant huge media coverage for crimes like My Lai massacre.

18
Q

Us weaknesses in Vietnam?

A

Tactics lacked coherence and planning
Unenthusiastic soldiers
Inability to deal with guerrilla tactics
Lack of public support. From the USA and Vietnam
Difficulty in coping with alien conditions for the American soldiers
Weakness of the south Vietnamese army

19
Q

Vietcong strengths

A
Use of guerrilla warfare
Support of public
Efficient supply line between the South and North 
Assistance from China and the USSR
Skilful propaganda
Spirit to fight for their country
20
Q

Importance of public opinion?

A

Influenced Nixon to produce a policy

Badly affected morale of new recruits as they did not understand the motives

21
Q

Cuban missile crisis results?

A

Leaders realised the very real threat of nuclear war

Set up a telephone link between the Whitehouse and the kremlin

22
Q

Why did the USA have an enemy of Cuba

A

Due to their recent turn to communism in the hands of Fidel Castro the USA imposed trade sanctions which gave the USSR the opportunity to interfere and support Cuba and eventually set up missile sites there.

23
Q

What was MAD

A

Mutually assured destruction

24
Q

What was brinkmanship?

A

It was scare tactics basically threatened get the opposing power with nuclear weapons.