Wine, Beer and Liquor Terminology Flashcards Preview

BAR (2) Booze Terminology > Wine, Beer and Liquor Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wine, Beer and Liquor Terminology Deck (36)
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1
Q

What does “body” mean when describing a wine?

A

The texture or weight of a wine in the mouth

Full-bodied wines have a rich, complex, well-rounded flavor that lingers in the mouth
Light-bodied wines are subtle and more watery
Medium-bodied wines fall somewhere in between

2
Q

What is the DOC?

A

Denominazione di Origine Controllata
(“controlled place name”)

Italy’s designation for wine whose name, origin of grapes, grape varieties and other important factors are regulated by law

3
Q

What is a Super Tuscan?

A
  • Any wine from Tuscany made in less traditional ways
  • More powerful than other Tuscan varieties
  • May include Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot
4
Q

What is a decanter?

A

A vessel that holds the decantation of a liquid (such as wine), which may contain sediment

Used to aerate wine, or to allow it to “breathe” - enhancing the overall aroma of the wine
Decantation is the method of separating the solids liquids that exist in one mixture

5
Q

What is “distillation” of a wine?

A
  • The process of heating wine so the alcohol vaporizes and is collected to make a drink with higher alcoholic content
  • All distilled wines are known as “brandy,” although the quality of brandy varies
6
Q

What are “legs” when describing a wine?

A
  • The syrupy lines that a wine leaves on the glass after being swirled
  • They have nothing to do with the quality of a wine
  • Heavier & thicker legs can indicate a higher alcohol and/or sugar content
7
Q

What is the technical term for “the study of wine”?

A

Enology

8
Q

What is a wine’s “vintage” year?

A

The year in which at least 95% of its grapes were harvested (not the year in which the wine was bottled)

9
Q

What is a wine’s “finish”?

A

The lingering feeling in your mouth after you taste a wine

10
Q

What does it mean to say that a wine is “hot”?

A

It has a high or unbalanced alcohol level, which may create a burning sensation as you swallow

11
Q

What is a “magnum” when referring to wine?

A

The equivalent to two standard 750 ml bottles of wine, or 1.5 liters

12
Q

What are a wine’s “aroma” and “bouquet”?

A
  • “Bouquet” refers to smells that originate from the wine-making
  • “Aroma” refers to smells originating from the grapes themselves

Amateurs often use the terms interchangeably

13
Q

What type of wine is a Shiraz?
(shee-RAZZ)

A
  • Red wine
  • Pair with meat
    (steak, beef, wild game, etc.)
  • Known as Syrah in France and the U.S., but Shiraz in Australia and South Africa
14
Q

What type of wine is a Merlot?
(mer-loh)

A
  • Red wine
  • Easy-to-drink softness
  • A fine complement to any meal
15
Q

What type of wine is a Cabernet Sauvignon?
(cab-er-nay saw-vee-nyon)

A
  • Full-bodied red
  • Common variety
  • Best known in Napa Valley
  • Generally goes best with simply prepared red meats
16
Q

What type of wine is a Malbec?
(mahl-bek)

A
  • Red wine
  • Often blended with other varieties e.g., Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Petit Verdot to make Bordeaux-style wines
  • Goes well with any meat dish
17
Q

What type of wine is a Pinot Noir?
(pee-noh nwahr)

A
  • Red wine
  • Pair with grilled salmon, chicken, or lamb
18
Q

What type of wine is a Chardonnay?
(shar-doh-nay)

A
  • White wine
  • Popular in the 1990s
  • Pair with fish or chicken dishes
19
Q

What type of wine is a Barbera?
(bar-BEAR-ah)

A
  • Red wine
  • Similar to Merlot
  • Goes well with many dishes, especially those with tomato sauce
20
Q

What type of wine is a Sauvignon Blanc?
(saw-vee-nyon blahnk)

A
  • White wine
  • Pair with seafood, poultry, and salads
21
Q

What type of wine is a Sémillon?
(seh-mee-yohn)

A
  • White wine
  • Pair with clams, mussels, or pasta salad
22
Q

What type of wine is a Muscat?
(**MUHS-kat)

A
  • White wine
  • Best served on its own
23
Q

What type of wine is a Sangiovese?
(san-joe-VAE-sae)

A
  • Red wine
  • Made from the same grapes as Chianti
  • Generally bright colored and acidic
24
Q

What type of wine is a Riesling?
(REESE-ling)

A
  • White wine
  • Often considered one of the finest wines
  • Pair with fish, chicken, pork dishes, and Thai food
25
Q

What type of wine is a Gewürztraminer?
(geh-VAIRTZ-trah-mee-ner)

A
  • White wine ideal for sipping
  • Pair with Asian food, pork, and grilled sausages
26
Q

What type of wine is a Pinot Grigio?
(pee-noh GREE-joe)

A
  • White wine
  • Also called Pinot Gris
  • Varies from light & crisp to rich & spicy
  • Very versatile as a dinner wine
27
Q

What type of wine is a Petite Sirah?
(peh-TEET sih-RAH)

A
  • Red wine made from a dark, tannic grape
  • Different from the bolder Syrah grape
  • Popular in California
  • Often blended with Zinfandel to give more density
28
Q

What type of wine is a White Burgundy?

A

Chardonnay

29
Q

What is the “hoppiness” of a beer?

A

A bitter flavor arising from the hop plant

Pale ales are generally the hoppiest beers available in the United States

30
Q

What is the “fruitiness” of a beer?

A

A by-product of yeast fermentation in the brewing process

Most ales have some degree of fruity flavor, even though no actual fruit is used

31
Q

Where did the word “whiskey” originate?

A

From the Irish Gaelic uisce beatha or Scottish Gaelic uisge beatha, meaning “water of life”

32
Q

What does “malting” liquor mean?

A

Malting is a process whereby grains are soaked in water to begin germination, but then removed and either dried or heated to prevent further germination.

33
Q

What is “peat” in whisky production?

A
  • Dead vegetation like moss, soil, and grass that has been compacted over thousands of years
  • Burned to heat up barley to stop germination during malting
  • Produces strong smoky flavor in whisky
34
Q

What are other words for “liqueur”?

A

Cordials or ratafias

35
Q

What is the meaning of proof in alcohol?

A
  • A measure of the amount of alcohol in an alcoholic drink, mainly distilled spirits
  • Equal to twice the percentage of alcohol by volume
36
Q

What does it mean to “nose” an alcohol?

A

To smell it in a particular way as to judge its aroma