Women in Nazi Germany Flashcards
What was the slogan Nazi’s adopted for women?
- Kinder, Küche, Kirche
- ‘Children, Kitchen, Church’
- Nazis were against church membership however as ir undermined their influence
Were men and women equal under the Nazi’s?
- They were claimed to be equal but physically their jobs were different
- Men were to be the providers
- Women were to produce good Nazi’s, not for an individualistic family but for the regime
What organisations did women have?
- National Socialist Womanhood (NSF)
- Wider movement of German Women’s Enterprise which organised activities for non-party members
- Leader was Gertrud Scholtz-Klink
What was the Nazi belief on eugenics?
- The belief that controlling reproduction can produce a healthier population
- Encouraged the breeding of ‘pure’ Germans and not the wrong kind
- Couples were only given marriage loans if they had a license to prove they are fit and racially acceptable
- Only those considered ‘suitable’ after interview were given RM100 per child for school and transport fees
What was the Lebensborn programme?
- Run by a special branch of the SS
- Men, usually SS members, were encouraged to mate with ‘pure’ women from the BDM
- Programme had its own hospitals, clinics and homes for the children who ere adopted by ‘fit’ Germans who couldn’t conceive
- Once the Third Reich expanded they took ‘suitable’ children from invaded areas and re-homed them
When was the SS marriage order set?
31st December 1931
- SS members can only marry Aryan women
- 1936 amendment said SS men married or not must have four children with such a woman
When was the Law to reduce Unemployment set?
1st June 1933
- Includes an interest-free marriage loan to Aryan couples if woman gives up her job and can have ‘fit’ children
- Loan repayment was reduced a 1/4 for every child the women had
When were women dismissed from the civil service?
30th June 1933
- All married women in the civil service with wage-earning husbands were dismissed
- Wages for other women were fixed to lower amounts
When was the Law for the prevention of Offspring for Hereditary Diseases passed?
14th July 1933
- Prevent offspring with mental and physical disabilities
- Extended to women with several partners or illegitimate children and male & female alcoholics
- Secretly extended to cover racial undesirability
What law was passed in 1935?
Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health of the German People is a fitness to marry certificate requires to prove neither couple is genetically or racially ‘impure’
What law was passed in 1936?
Women are excluded from working in the law, except tin administrative posts
What law was passed in 1937?
Due to increasing war goods production, to be ready for war, women can work and still be awarded the marriage loan
What law was passed in 1938?
Marriage law extends the grounds for divorce to include infertility, having an abortion and refusing to have a baby
What law was passed in May 1939?
- Mothers Cross introduced for mothers with four (bronze), six (silver) and 8 (gold) children
- It is awarded on Mothers Day, Hitlers mothers birthday in August
What were the effects of these policies
- Married women lost their job
- Single women when were only allowed low level work, e.g domestic work, shop work and secretaries