The Holocaust and Antisemitism Flashcards
What word sums up the antisemitism in Germany?
- A slow build up
What was an early sign of antisemitism when Hitler got to power?
1st April 1933
- Jewish shops were boycotted for a day
When were Jews banned from the civil service?
7th April 1933
- Jews were banned from the civil service and this was later extended to different professions
- Jews didn’t own land and therefore the attack on professions, e.g doctors, lawyers was devastating
When were Jews banned from owning farms?
- Entailment Farm Law
How were Jews affected in schools?
- Law against overcrowding of schools
- Jews limited to 1.5% of students
- Less than 1% of the population were Jews?
How did the steel industry attack Jews?
Von Krupp removed them from employment
How were Jews as journalists attacked?
Editors Law banned Jews from journalism
What were the Nuremberg Laws?
- Law for the protection of German Blood and German Honour (forbids mixed marriages between Aryan and Jews)
- Reich Citizenship Law (Jewish German citizenship revoked)
- Law for the Protection of the Genetic Health of the German people. People could be assured they are Aryan through measurements, this was set up by the League for Propagation of Racial Knowledge
Why did the Nazis reduce prosecution of Jews during 1936?
- Due to the Olympics being held in Berlin, antisemitic signs were removed
- Did not want International Condemnation
- Regime were already worried about the economy
- Himmler was put in charge of jewish emigration
How did antisemitism pick up after the Olympics?
- Sept 1937, Hitler makes fierce speeches attacking Jews
- Nov 1937, Schacht resigns due to his criticism of anti-semitic Jewish measures
How does Anschluss affect the antisemitic measures taken?
- Large population of Jews in Vienna
- 180,000 Jews
- Central Office for Jewish Emigration led by Heydrich and Eichmann
- 45,000 Jews were made to leave
- Reich Central Office for Jewish Emigration
What decrees were released during June to October of 1938?
- Jewish doctors and dentists forbidden from treating Aryan patients
When was Kristallnacht and what caused it?
- 9/10th November 1938
- Murder of Ernst Von Rath by a Jew, Hersch Grynzspan, on the 7th Nov
- Göbbels was working towards the fuhrer and wanted to impress
What happened on Kristallnacht?
- Jewish homes, shops and synagogues were attacked
- 100,000 Jews Murdered
- 20,000 Jews sent to Concentration Camps
When and what were the decrees excluding Jews from German economic life?
- Awarding public business contracts to Jews was banned
- Jews banned from trades, shops, businesses
- Jews excluded from schools, universities, cinemas and sport facilities