Women's Health / Men's Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Women's Health / Men's Health Deck (58)
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1

Vitex - actions:

* normalizes pituitary function
* inhibits prolactin release
* aphrodisiac / anaphrodisiac
* regulating menstrual cycles and perimenopause
* a “progesterogenic” herb

2

Vitex - indications:

* mastalgia
* dysmenorrhea
* fertility
* menorrhagia
* oligomenorrhea
* prolactinoma
* PMS
* perimenopause
* endometriosis
* acne
* fibroids
* anxiety

3

Vitex - constituents:

* iridoid glycosides
* Labdane diterpenes
* flavonoids / flavonoid glycosides
* essential oils

4

Actea racemosa - actions:

* normalize female reproductive system
* emmenagogue
* antispasmodic
* anti-inflammatory
* antirheumatic
* alterative
* nervine
* hypotensive
* an “estrogenic” herb

5

Actea racemosa - indications:

* perimenopause
* surgically-induced menopause
* dysmenorrhea
* oligomenorrhea
* depression
* rheumatic and neuralgic pain
* uterine pain and tenderness

6

Actea racemosa - constituents:

* Triterpene glycosides
* isoferulic acid
* salicylic acid
* volatile acids
* tannins

7

Angelica - actions:

* circulatory stimulant
* analgesic
** antispasmodic if volatile oils present
** uterine stimulant if decocted
* hypotensive
* normalizes menstruation
* sedative
* anti-inflammatory
* diuretic
* antibacterial
* antiplatelet aggregation

8

Angelica - indications:

* dysmenorrhea
* irregular menses
* amenorrhea
* pain due to pelvic congestion
Chinese medicine
* blood deficiency
* blood stasis.

9

Angelica - constituents:

* coumarins
* ferulic acid
* nicotinic acid
* succinic acid
* phytosterols
* carvacrol
* sesquiterpenes

10

Cramp bark - actions:

* antispasmodic
* astringent
* nervine
* hypotensive
* beta-2 agonist
* anti-inflammatory

11

Cramp bark - indications:

* dysmenorrhea
* menorrhagia
* bronchoconstriction
* skeletal muscle spasms
* pelvic congestion
* bladder spasms

12

Cramp bark - constituents:

* viopudial
* hydroquinones (arbutin)
* coumarins
* catechins
* phenolic acids

13

Maca - actions:

* adaptogen
* affinity for sex hormone conditions
- infertility
- low libido
- perimenopause
* depression
* anxiety

14

Maca - indications:

* perimenopause
* andropause
* low libido
* low energy
* "adrenal fatigue"

15

Maca - constituents:

* vitamins and minerals
* glucotropaeolin
* m-methoxyglucotropaeolin
* m-methoxybenzyl isothiocyanate

16

Rheum - actions:

phytoestrogen acting on ER-β-receptors

17

Rheum - indications:

* depression and anxiety assoc w/perimenopause
* climacteric sx

18

Rheum - constituents:

* rhaponticin
* hydroxystillbenes (desoxyrhaponticin)

19

Astringent, Styptic - used for atonic conditions or prolapse, menorrhagia, and dysmenorrhea:

Alchemilla vulgaris (lady's mantle)

20

Female reproductive tract tonic - used for spasmodic menstrual cramps, amenorrhea, partus preparator:

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

21

Anti-spasmodic, diaphoretic - used for spasmodic pain, HA, in hormone balance formulas, progesterogenic effect [contains diosgenin- hormone precursor for hormones synthesized in a lab]:

Dioscorea villosa (wild yam)

22

Nutritive phytoestrogenic herbs:

Medicago sativa (alfalfa)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Foeniculum vulgare (fennel)

23

Men are much more likely to struggle with _________ than women.

addiction
* caffeine (coffee)
* tobacco
* alcohol / hops
* cayenne (spicy food)
* marijuana
* cocaine
* sugar!!
these masking herbs will prevent pts from responding to gentle tonic herbs

24

There is a strong desire by men to add new strong herbs to replace addiction herbs, like:

* kava
* ginseng
* ephedra

25

First stage ND tx for BPH:

* postural awareness
* reduce chair sitting, tight belts, bike seat, etc
* inc water intake - 1/2 wt in oz
* inc exercise
* ejaculate to tolerance

26

Second stage tx for BPH:

* wt loss / diet
* aggressive addiction reduction, nutrition, group support
* nettle root and pumpkin seeds
* milk thistle or sesame oil

27

Third stage tx for BPH:

* pygeum, saw palmetto, or combo
* herbal suppositories
* zinc - 50mg/day
* hot/cold sitz bath
* addiction support
* 21-day detox

28

Common herbs for BPH:

* saw palmetto
* nettle - ROOT
* goldenrod
* pygeum
* willow herb
* pipsissewa
* cleavers
* rye pollen
* rhus spp

29

Saw palmetto - constituents:

* lipid-soluble compounds, fatty acids
* sitosterol

* carotenes, lipase, tannins, sugars

30

Saw palmetto - actions:

* anti-androgenic
* anti-exudative
* anti-inflammatory
* endocrine agent
* spasmolytic
* anti- spasmodic