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Flashcards in Urinary & Diuretics Deck (39)
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1

All herbs in ____ form are good diuretics.

tea

2

Increases the production and elimination of urine, helps eliminate waste and excessive fluid:

diuretic

3

Binds to mucus membranes, skin and tissue, causes tissues to shrink and dry up secretions. Commonly tannins:

astringent

4

Helps destroy / resist pathogenic microorganisms:
[Not abx]

antimicrobial

5

Soothes and protects irritated tissue, high in mucilage, works in GU tract by reflex action:

demulcent

6

Anti-inflammatory urinary herbs:

cranberry
achillea
zingiber
eupatorium purp.
solidago

7

Antimicrobial urinary herbs:

uva-ursi
cranberry
achillea
juniperus
solidago

8

Astringent urinary herbs:

uva-ursi
chimaphilla
agrimonia

9

Diuretic urinary herbs:

achillea
apium
uva-ursi
equisetum
galium
juniperus
petroselinum
taraxacum
zea
solidago

10

3 main actions of diuretics:

* Stimulation - circulation
* Osmotic - dec reabsorption
* Irritation - often by essential oils

11

T/F: Herbs with irritating essential oils or resins may aggravate kidney conditions long term.

true

12

Many tannin-rich herbs don't combine well with:
Why?

alkaloid herbs

tannins precipitate alkaloids - they will fall out of solution, forming sludge at the bottom

13

All kidney herbs work on a (reflex/diuretic) effect.

reflex

14

T/F: Herbal diuretics will increase their action over time.

false

diminish - esp mineral diuretics

15

Uva-ursi - constituents:

* hydroquinone glycosides (arbutin)
* tannins
* flavonoids
* resins
* acids

16

Uva-ursi - indications:

* UTI
* cystitis
* chronic irritation of the bladder, with pain, tenesmus, catarrhal DC

17

Uva-ursi - cautions:

* avoid during pregnancy
* not for long term use (tannins)
* toxicity in high dose hydroquinone

18

Pipsi - constituents:

* arbutin
* chimaphillin
* caffeic acid
* tannins
* ferulic acid (leaf)
* methyl salicylate
* P-coumaric acid

19

Pipsi - actions:

* astringent
* alterative
* tonic
* diuretic
* antiseptic
* lymphatic

20

Pipsi - indications:

* flushing of cheeks
* liver inflammation
* ascites
* abd/renal edema
* constipation
* hemorrhoids
* mucopurulent DC
* cystitis
* chronic prostatitis
* BPH

21

Cranberry - actions:

* urinary antibacterial
* antioxidant

22

Cranberry - constituents:

* anthocyanadins
* proanthocyanadins
* flavonols
* organic acids (citric, malic, guinic)
* phenolic acids
* glycoside or organic acid
* sugars

23

Cranberry - indications:

* prevent UTIs
* decrease stone formation
* acidify urine
* dec sx of pyelonephritis
* dec dental plaque

24

Cranberry - cautions:

* may enhance warfarin
* high in oxalates
* sugar content in most products

25

Juniper - constituents:

* volatile oil
* flavonoids
* tannins
* sugars

26

Juniper - actions:

* diuretic
* urinary antimicrobial
* carminative
* antispasmodic
* tussive

27

Juniper - indications:

* renal insufficiency w/o inflammation
* urinary stasis
* GI anti-inflammatory
* anorexia

28

Corn silk - constituents:

* saponins
* flavonoids
* allantoin
* phytosterols
* alkaloid
* vit. C, K
* potassium
* sugars
* tannins
* cryptoxanthin
* anthocyanins
* plant acids
* fixed oil (2%)
* essential oil (0.1%): carvacrol
* terpenes
* bitter compounds
* polyphenols (12%),
* potassium salts

29

Corn silk - actions:

* demulcent
* diuretic
* anodyne
* vulnerary

30

Corn silk - indications:

* UTI / inflammation
* urinary stones
* edema
* enuresis
* prostatitis
* gentle diuretic for children