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Flashcards in WORKBOOK 03 Deck (90):
1

Pasado de be going

(was/were) going

2

I was going to get married (but I didn't)

They were going to study art (bu they didn't)

3

Was she going to take the course?

Weren't you going to study law?

4

She thought she would be a doctor

They said they would pay (But they didn't)

5

They said they were going to arrive before noon

but they didn't

6

should have

regrets

7

may have OR might have

expresar posibilidad o especular

8

would have OR could have

expresar CON CERTEZA, posibilidades irreales

9

must have

Draw conclusions

10

I don't know why she married him. He --(MUST/SHOULD) BE-- the only man available.

MUST HAVE BEEN

11

I --(SHOULD/MAY) STUDY-- architecture. I --(MUST/WOULD) BE really good at it

SHOULD HAVE STUDIED
WOULD HAVE BEEN

12

Jenna's not studying Chinese anymore. I guess it --(SHOULD/WOULD) BE-- too hard to learn Chinese and Japanese at the same time

WOULD HAVE BEEN

13

We didn't know we were going to have five children. We -- (COULD NOT / SHOULD NOT) BUY-- such small house.

SHOUL NOT HAVE BOUGHT

14

Ella still loves Ben. She -- (MUST NOT / SHOULD NOT) BREAK UP -- with him.

SHOULD NOT HAVE BROKEN UP

15

When I was Young, everyone thought I was a great Singer. But I decided to become a lawyer instead. Looking back, I think I -- (MAY / SOULD) DECIDE -- on the wrong career.

MAY HAVE DECIDED

16

Someone might have heard us talking on the phone.
Did anyone hear them talking?
YES NO MAYBE

MAYBE

17

Jen, You could have gone with Steve
Did Jen go with Steve
YES NO PROBABLY

NO

18

We should have invited Rita to come to dinner with us.
Did they invite Rita?
YES NO MAYBE

NO

19

I must have left my keys at home.
Did she leave her keys at home?
YES NO PROBABLY

PROBABLY

20

The kids shouldn't have watched that scary movie.
Did the kids watch a scary movie?
YES NO MAYBE

YES

21

I (LEAVE) before I finished my work. But I did.

Shouldn't have left

22

James (TAKE) the job offer, but he didn't

SHOULDN'T HAVE TAKEN

23

Bethany (TALK) to Dave. I haven't talked to her yet, but she'll tell us tonight.

MUST HAVE TALKED

24

You (SELL) your car, but unfortunately, you did.

SHOULDN'T HAVE SOLD

25

Harry (GET) home already, but I doubt it.

MUST HAVE GOTTEN

26

We (DO) anything differently, could we?

COULDN'T HAVE DONE

27

Al combinar dos frases

Los pronombres relativos who, whom y that se pueden omitir, cuando van justo antes de un sujeto, nunca cuando vayan detrás de un verbo.

28

Una las dos oraciones (1-7)

Coloque entre paréntesis el pronombre relativo cuando pueda ser omitido. (Pronombre relativo más pronombre puede omitirse el primero)

29

1. The holiday takes place in July. I told you about the holiday (that)

The holiday (that) I told you about, takes place in July.

30

2. The person should bring flowers. The person comes for dinner. (who)

The person who comes for dinner, should bring flowers.

31

3. Hanbok is a dress. Women in Korea wear it for chuseok, (that)

Hanbok is a dress (that) women in Korea wear for chuseok.

32

4. People enjoy Halloween. People like wearing costumes (who)

People who like wearing costumes, enjoy halloween

33

5. The celebrations are a lot of fun. The celebrations take place during Mardi Gras (that)

The celebrations that take place during Mardi Gras are a lot of fun.

34

6. The friend went to Thailand for his vacation. I told you about the freind (whom)

The friend whom I told you about, went to Thailand for his vacation.

35

7. My friends spent New Year's Eve wih me. They came from Germany (who)

My friends who spent New Year's Eve with me, came from Germany.

36

pronombres recíprocos

one another; each other. Significan lo mismo, pero one another es más formal.

37

On Christmas, in many places, people GIVE AND RECEIVE presents

On Christmas, in many places, people give EACH OTHER presents.

38

During the party people THROW WATER AT OTHER PEOPLE on the street

During the party people THROW WATER ONE ANOTHER on the street

39

En oraciones con condicionales

Presente - Presente; Presente - Futuro (IF REALES) y Pasado - Would (IF IRREALES)

40

Nunca use FUTURO ni WOULD en la frase que lleva IF

Nunca diga:
If you will buy the car
If the phone would have

41

If you want a economic car, you need something smaller (REAL)

IF you buy Toyota, you'll get fuel efficiency. (REAL)

42

If I were you I wouldn't buy a chinese car (IRREAL, YO NO SOY TÚ)

If BlackBerry had a good Smartphone, it would be good. (IRREAL, NO LO TIENE)

43

If the TV (were / would be) on sale, I (will / would) buy it.

If the TV WERE on sale, I WOULD buy it.

44

Most people (buy / will buy) modern products if they (have / will have) enough money

Most people WILL BUY modern products if they HAVE enough money.

45

If they (would invent / invented) a safe way to text-message while driving, people (will / would) be very happy.

If they INVENTED a safe way to text-message while driving, people WOULD be very happy.

46

i (won't / wouldn't) buy a bad pone if i (have / had) all the money in the world.

I WOULDN'T buy a bad pone if i HAD all the money in the world.

47

IF PAST PERFECT (HAD + PARTICIPIO) Todos los casos son IRREALES

Result: WOULD HAVE / COULD HAVE

48

If she had rented an economical car, she wouldn't have spent so much money

If Jonás hadn't invented a vaccine against polio, many more people would have gotten the disease.

49

Could they have prevented the accident if they had known the tires were so old?

How many people would have been injured if air bags hadn't been invented?

50

If we had thought about our travel plans, we (wouldn't go / wouldn't have gone) to the desert in the summer.

If we had thought about our travel plans, we WOULDN'T HAVE GONE to the desert in the summer.

51

We would have bought more food if we (HADN'T KNOWN / HAD KNOWN) that so many people were going to come.

We would have bought more food if we HAD KNOWN that so many people were going to come.

52

If they (HAD TRAINED / WOULD HAVE TRAINED) the puppy better, she wouldn't have destroyed their home.

If they HAD TRAINED the puppy better, she wouldn't have destroyed their home.

53

México está al norte de Guatemala

Mexico is to the north of Guatemala
Mexico is north of Guatemala

54

Honduras está ubicada al sur

Honduras is located to the south

55

Tikal está en el norte

Tikal is in the north

56

Ciudad de Guatemala está en el sur

Guatemala City is in the south

57

Coban está ubicada en la parte central de Guatemala

Coban is located in the central part of Guatemala

58

Todo lo que esté cerca del AGUA

Usa la preposición ON

59

Champerico está en la costa oeste de Guatemala

Champerico is ON the west coast OF Guatemala

60

Flores está en el borde sur del Lago Petén

Flores is ON the south shore OF Lake Petén

61

El rancho está ubicado en el Rïo Motagua

El Rancho is located on the Motagua River.

62

Vladivostok está ubicado en la costa este de Rusia

Vladivostok is located ON the eatern coast OF Russia.

63

PARA ALERTAR O DAR EXPLICACIONES

TOO + ADJETIVO + INFINITIVO

64

Es muy oscuro para ir de caminata ahora.

It's too dark to go hiking now.

65

Esas peñas están muy empinadas para treparlas

Those cliffs are too steep to climb.
NUNCA: Those cliffs are too steep to climb THEM

66

PARA ALERTAR O DAR EXPLICACIONES, aclarando a quien se dirige la alerta o la explicación

TOO + ADJETIVO + SUJETO + INFINITIVO

67

Es muy peligroso para los niños, ir a nadar allá

It's too dangerous for children to go swimming there.

68

Don't you think this map is (understand / them / confusing)

Don't you think this map is too confusing for them to understand?

69

VERBOS SEGUIDOS POR UN GERUNDIO

AVOID; CAN'T STAND; DON'T MIND; DISCUSS; DISLIKE; ENJOY; FEEL LIKE; PRACTICE; QUIT, SUGGEST; STOP

70

VEBOS SEGUIDOS POR UN INFINITIVO

AGREE; CHOOSE; DECIDE; EXPECT; HOPE; LEARN; NEED; PLAN; SEEM; WANT; WISH; WOULD LIKE

71

VERBOS SEGUIDOS POR LO QUE SEA (GERUNDIO O INFINITIVO)

BEGIN; CONTINUE; HATE; LIKE; LOVE; PREFER

72

El uso de THE con nombres propios

Se usa THE cuando el nombre propio lleva la preposición OF

73

REPUBLIC OF KOREA (THE)

THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA

74

GULF OF MEXICO (THE)

THE GULF OF MEXICO

75

KINGDOM OF THAILAND (THE)

THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND

76

Cuando el nombre propio es plural

Se usa THE

77

The Philippines; The Netherlands

The United States; The Andes Mountains

78

Con acrónimos

NO use THE

79

UCLA; UN

OPEC; NATO

80

Cuando el nombre propio se refiere a una Universidad o Coelgio

NO use THE

81

International Language Institute (THE)

THE International Language Institute

82

Harvard University (THE)

Harvard University

83

Para dar una explicación usando ENOUGH

ADJETIVO + ENOUGH + INFINITIVO

84

She's old enough to vote

He's not busy enough to complain

85

It isn't close enough to walk

He is tall enough to reach that

86

ON

SOBRE LA COSTA, SOBRE UN RÍO

87

AT

GENERAL

88

IN

SPECIFIC

89

DESPUÉS DE PREPOSICIONES

EL VERBO VA CON ING

90

1

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