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Flashcards in World at Risk Deck (207)
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1

What type of plate boundary is the Philippines bordering?

Destructive

2

What two plates form the Philippines destructive boundary?

Eurasian Plate (continental) and Philippine Plate (oceanic)

3

What island is Mt Pinatubo located on?

Luzon

4

How far is Mt Pinatubo from the Philippine capital of Manilla?

55 miles

5

How long had it been since the previous eruption of Mt Pinatubo?

500 years (approx)

6

When did Mt Pinatubo erupt?

June 1991

7

In early June, how was Mt Pinatubo's eruption predicted?

- Tiltmeters showed that the volcano was bulging, suggesting a magma buildup.

- Increase in seismic activity near the surface of Mt Pinatubo.

8

What area did the ashcloud of Mt Pinatubo occupy at its peak?

125,000 square kilometres

9

What hydro-meteorlogical disaster coinceded with Mt Pinatubo's eruption?

Typhoon Yunya struck the island on the 15th of June, the same day as Mt Pinatubo's climatic eruption.

10

What was the impact immediate impact of Typhoon Yunya's arrival in conjunction with Mt Pintatubo's eruption?

Torrential rainfall was able to mix with ash to form lahars.

Lahars are thick flows of mixed water and ash that are highly destructive.

11

How explosive was Mt Pintatubo's eruption?

It was a 6 on the volcanic explosivity index (VEI).

It ejected 10 cubed kilometres of volcanic material.

12

How many were killed in the immediate aftermath of Mt Pinatubo's eruption?

847 people

13

What was the primary cause of death during Mt Pinatubo's eruption?

Rooftops collapsing under the weight of ash and volcanic material.

14

How was farmland impacted by the Mt Pinatubo eruption?

800 square kilometres of rice-growing farmland were destroyed

15

How were the forests impacted by the Mt Pintatubo eruption?

150 square kilometres of forest were destroyed.

16

How much was the total estimated damage to crops and property following the Mt Pinatubo eruption?

$374 million dollars

17

How much did Pinatubo's regional domestic product fall following the eruption?

Fall of 3%

18

How many people had evacuated the 30km zone around Mt Pinatubo?

60,000

19

How many Aeta highlanders were displaced by the eruption of Mt Pinatubo?

20,000

20

What is the population density of people living in Manilla in the Philippines?

1,600 people per square kilometre

21

How many people live in slums in Manilla?

2 million

22

What is GNP per capita in the Philippines?

$4,400

23

What is the HDI of the Philippines?

0.75

24

How percentage of people in the Philippines live on a coastal zone?

60%

25

What is the population of Manilla?

8 million

26

What is the population of the Philippines?

91 million

27

What percentage of people live in poverty in the Philippines?

41%

28

When did Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines?

8th November 2013

29

What city was most impacted by Typhoon Haiyan?

Tacloban

30

Where is the city of Tacloban?

Island of Leyte