What evidence is there of the development gap?
- A majority of the families in the world live on $2 a day.
- Around 535 million families live on just $1 a day.
- The 10 richest people in the world have more money put together that the poorest 58 countries in the world.
How did the gap develop?
- In the 1970s/80s, the price of raw materials was rising. LEDCs who produced these materials took out large loans from MEDCs hoping to pay them back later with a developed economy.
- The world economy then crashed and the price of raw materials dipped. The LEDCs are now in debt and are spending their money paying their debts rather than developing their country.
What is the Brandt line?
The Brandt line is an imaginary line drawn by Willy Brandt. It separated the world into two halves; the more economically developed north and the less economically developed south.
Is the Brandt line relevant in the 21st century?
The state of the global economy is changing. Richer countries like Greece are getting poorer and poor countries like China are getting richer. The BRIC countries are slowly moving towards the north of the line and some European countries are moving towards the south of the line, this is why the Brandt line is becoming less relevant today.
What is meant by the term development?
There are 8 key aspects development should have:
- Increasing levels of wealth.
- Reducing levels of poverty.
- Ensuring that everyone fulfills their needs.
- Ensuring that all children get good education.
- Ensuring that everyone is safe from conflict and terrorism.
- Creating gender equality.
- Creating justice, freedom and political choice.
- Reducing gap between rich and poor.
How is wealth used as an indicator for level of development?
The Gross Domestic Profit (GDP) is usually used to measure a country’s level of development. It takes the value of all products and services in a country within a year and divides it by the total population to work out GDP per capita. The trend is that usually an MEDC has a higher GDP compared to an LEDC.
What is the problem with GDP?
Wealth is not distributed evenly between the populations. There might be a big gap between the rich and the poor; the rich will live in luxury while the poor are in extreme poverty living in appalling conditions.
What other development indicators are there?
Other indicators include the measures for social development. These indicators are:
- Urban access to sanitation. The more developed the country, the wealthier the country is, so it is able to provide a clean water supply and sewage treatment.
- Adult literacy. The more developed the country is, the more people can afford to get educated.
- % of road paved. The more developed the country is, the more money the government is willing to spend on infrastructure.
- Life expectancy. The more developed the country is, the more people can afford advanced healthcare and thus the higher life expectancy.
Why is it important for girls to be educated?
An educated mother understands the importance of a good diet and good hygiene which means her child lives longer. she also understands the importance of education so she sends her children to school. The process continues with her daughter.