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Flashcards in x-rays Deck (11):
1

signs of Heart Failure on xray

 

  1.     Alveolar oedema (bat’s wings)
  2.     kerley B lines (interstitial oedema)
  3.     Cardiomegaly
  4.     Dilated prominent upper lobe vessels (upper lobe diversions)
  5.     Effusion (pleural)

2

DDx for consolidation on CXR

infection

infarction

inflammation

3

DDx for lobar collapse on CXR

 

mucus plugging

tumour

compression by lymphnodes

4

ddx for solitary nodules on cxr

bronchial carcinoma

single metastasis

localised pneumonia

lung abscess

tuberculoma

pulmonary infarct

 

rare:

benign tumour

hydatid cyst

rheumatoid nodule

aspergilloma (usually surounded by air halo)

5

ddx for multiple nodules on cxr

miliary TB

dust inhalation

metastates

healed varicella pneumonia

rheumatoid disease

6

ddx for ring shadows, trm-lines, tubular shadows

bronchiectasis

7

cavitating lesions ddx on cxr

tumour

abscess

infarct

pneumonia

8

increased translucency ddx on cxr

bullae

pneumothorax

ollgaemia

9

unilateral hilar enlargement on cxr ddx

TB,

bronchial carcinoma

lymphoma

10

bilateral hilar enlargemeent on cxr ddx

sarcoid,

tb

sillicosis

lymphoma

11