Year 3: Haematology Flashcards Preview

Finals Club (Dundee Medicine Master Summary Deck) > Year 3: Haematology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Year 3: Haematology Deck (300)
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1

Reduced amount of Hb in blood

Anaemia

2

Too much Hb in blood

Polycythaemia

3

Reduced platelets in blood

Thrombocytopenia

4

Too many platelets in blood

Thrombocytosis

5

Too much iron in blood

Haemochromatosis

6

 Circulating iron

Transferrin

7

Stored iron

Ferritin (in the liver)

8

Functional iron

Hb

9

Haematocrit

% of Hb in blood

10

The production of cells derived from pluripotent stem cells

Haematopoiesis

11

The two lineages of a multipotential haematopoietic stem stell (Haemocyoblast)

Left: Common Myeloid Progenitor

Right: Common Lymphoid Progenitor

12

  Extended lineage of the myeloid family

  • Megakaryocyte
  • Erythroblast
  • Mast Cell
  • Myeloblast 

13

 A megakaryocyte becomes

Thrombocytes (Platelets)

14

 A myeloblast gives lineage to?

  • Basophil
  • Neutrophil
  • Eosinophil
  • Monocyte

15

An erythroblast gives rise to an 

Erythrocyte (RBC)

16

A monocyte becomes

Macrophage

17

  Extended lineage of the lymphoid family

  • Natural Killer cell (NK)
  • Small lymphocyte

18

A small lymphocyte becomes 

  • T cell lymphocyte
  • B cell lymphocyte

19

A B cell lymphocyte becomes 

Plasma cell

20

  • Segmented nucleus
  • Neutral staining granules 

Neutrophil

21

  • Bi-lobed nucleus
  • Bright orange granules

Eosinophil

22

  •  Large deep purple granules (containing histamine)
  • Associated with IgE

 

Basophil

23

  • Single large nucleus
  • Faintly staining granules
  • Vacuolated 

Monocyte

24

  • Large nucleus
  • Rim of cytoplasm

Lymphocyte

25

Neutrophils usually indicated 

Bacterial infection

26

Lymphocytes usually indicate 

Viral infection

27

Eosinophils usually indicate

  • Allery/ Atopy
  • Parasitic infection

28

Basophils can indicate

  • Polycythaemia Rubra Vera
  • Chronic myeloid Leukaemia

29

Granular leukocytes 

WBC that contain granules 

  • Neutrophils 
  • Basophils
  • Eosinophils

30

Agranular Leukocytes

WBC that contain a single nucleus and have few/no granules

  • Monocytes 
  • Lymphocytes