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Decks in this class (10)

1.1.1 Structure and function of the processor
(a) The Arithmetic and Logic Unit; ALU, Control Unit and Registers (Program Counter; PC, Accumulator; ACC, Memory Address Register; MAR, Memory Data Register; MDR, Current Instruction Register; CIR). Buses: data, address and control: how this relates to assembly language programs. (b) The Fetch-Decode-Execute Cycle; including its effects on registers. (c) The factors affecting the performance of the CPU: clock speed, number of cores, cache. (d) The use of pipelining in a processor to improve e
27  cards
1.1.2 Types of processor
(a) The differences between and uses of CISC and RISC processors. (b) GPUs and their uses (including those not related to graphics). (c) Multicore and Parallel systems.
17  cards
1.1.3 Input, output and storage
(a) How different input, output and storage devices can be applied to the solution of different problems. (b) The uses of magnetic, flash and optical storage devices. (c) RAM and ROM. (d) Virtual storage.
13  cards
1.2.1 Systems Software
(a) The need for, function and purpose of operating systems. (b) Memory Management (paging, segmentation and virtual memory). (c) Interrupts, the role of interrupts and Interrupt Service Routines (ISR), role within the Fetch-Decode-Execute Cycle. (d) Scheduling: round robin, first come first served, multi-level feedback queues, shortest job first and shortest remaining time. (e) Distributed, embedded, multi-tasking, multi-user and Real Time operating systems. (f) BIOS. (g) Device drivers. (h
32  cards
1.2.2 Applications Generation
(a) The nature of applications, justifying suitable applications for a specific purpose. (b) Utilities. (c) Open source vs closed source. (d) Translators:Interpreters, compilers and assemblers. (e) Stages of compilation (lexical analysis, syntax analysis, code generation and optimisation). (f) Linkers and loaders and use of libraries.
30  cards
1.2.3 Software Development
(a) Understand the waterfall lifecycle, agile methodologies, extreme programming, the spiral model and rapid application development. (b) The relative merits and drawbacks of different methodologies and when they might be used. (c) Writing and following algorithms.
4  cards
1.2.4 Types of Programming Language
(a) Need for and characteristics of a variety of programming paradigms. (b) Procedural languages. (c) Assembly language (including following and writing simple programs with the Little Man Computer instruction set). See appendix 5d. (d) Modes of addressing memory (immediate, direct, indirect and indexed). (e) Object-oriented languages (see appendix 5d for pseudocode style) with an understanding of classes, objects, methods, attributes, inheritance, encapsulation and polymorphism.
36  cards
1.3.1 Compression, Encryption and Hashing
(a) Lossy vs Lossless compression. (b) Run length encoding and dictionary coding for lossless compression. (c) Symmetric and asymmetric encryption. (d) Different uses of hashing.
29  cards
1.3.2 Databases
(a) Relational database, flat file, primary key, foreign key, secondary key, entity relationship modelling, normalisation and indexing. See appendix 5f. (b) Methods of capturing, selecting, managing and exchanging data. (c) Normalisation to 3NF. (d) SQL – Interpret and modify. See appendix 5d. (e) Referential integrity. (f) Transaction processing, ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability), record locking and redundancy.
13  cards
1.5.1 Computing related legislation
(a) The Data Protection Act 1998. (b) The Computer Misuse Act 1990. (c) The Copyright Design and Patents Act 1988. (d) The Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000.
11  cards

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