(E. Coli Infection in Poultry - Colisepticaemia)
1. This can be seen in what three forms?
2. What are the three types of colisepticemia?
1. acute septicemia
sub acute polyserositis (inflammation of internal structures - peritoneum, air sace, heart sac, surface of liver)
chronic granulomatous inflammation (nodules of inflammatory tissue)
2. Neonatl, Respiratory, Enteric
1. Affects chicks when?
2. mortality remains high for how long?
3. What is a real consequence?
4. affected chicks initially show what?
5. progresses to what?
1. within two days of hatching
2. two or three wekeks
4. darkened lungs and enlarged spleens
5. pericarditis, pleuritis, peritonitis, air sacculitis
(Yolk Sac infection by Escherichia Coli can result in significant mortality)
1. yolk sac infection causes mortality in chicks when?
2. what is the center of infection?
3. Chicks with yolk sac infecttion have inflammation of the navel where the route of infection is via what?
or E. coli can multiply where?
1. first week after hatching
(many embryos die before hatching, some die at or shortly after)
2. yolk sac of embryos
3. the unhealed naval
the hatching egg following fecal contamination of the shell
1. E. Coli that access the bloodstream when?
2. What are the lesions of this form?
3. As infection progresses what happens to the air sacs?
1. after crossing the damaged respiratory tract lining or epithelium
2. tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, air sacculitis, pericarditis, and periotonitis
3. they thicken and progress into their fibrinous forms (such as fibrous pericarditis)
not sure what this is referring to... lok at pages 52-57.... something with the affect of ammonia on the action of cilia possibly
1. Seen as a sequel to what?
2. At the outset... what is the main lesion?
3. within a few days afflicted birds then develop what?
1. something that has damaged the lining of the digestive tract
2. liver congestion or greening
3. lesions similar to those seen in respiratory colisepticemia
(Escherichia Coli can contribute to the following)
(egg peritonitis (Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs)
1. E. Colli infection of what?
2. Is characterized by what 4 signs?
3. inflammation of what?
1. peritoneal cavity (occurs in laying hens)
2. yolk debris, inspissated yolk, caseous material, milky fluid in the abdominal cavity
3. ovaries, salpingitis (fallopian tube inflammation)
1. Can laying hens die as a result of this?
2. What occurs in those that survive?
2. the inflammatory exudate becomes partially organized
oviducts may be extremely enlarged and occupy most of the abdominal cavity
(E. Coli usuall isolated from these lesions)
should probably look at the pictures in this slideshow... i am skipping them
(E. Coli can contribute to the following)
1. synovitis - what is this?
2. joint infections - arthritis
3. usually happens under what conditions?
1. Synovitis is the medical term for inflammation of the synovial membrane. This membrane lines joints which possess cavities, known as synovial joints.
1. Federally licensed vaccines to prevent enterotoxigenic e.coli infections in neonatal calves have been used extensively in the US
2. Most of the vaccines are based on what?
3. Vaccines are given to pregnant females to do what?
2. fimbrial antigens required for colonization
3. produce antifimbrial antibody in colostrum and milk
(E. Coli Infections in Humans)
1. infections are highly susceptible
2. causes what?
3. involved in what?
4. What is documented in nearly all outbreaks?
5. what else?
3. urinary tract infections (cystits)
4. uncooked/raw hamburger
5. raw milk
(E. Coli O157:H7 in humans is an emerging cause of foodborne illness)
1. E.coli O157:H7 was first described as a cause of human illness associated with undercooked ground beef
2. Production of large quantities of one or more related potent toxins that causes severe damage to what?
2. the lining of the intestine
(then read the rest)
read through page 86
(E. Coli Infection in Lambs)
2. lambs are particularly vulnerable when?
3. mild outbreak - what two things?
4. sever outbreaks - what three things?
5. can it cause abortion/sterility?
2. during first two days of life
3. transistory scouring, sickness
4. per acute toxemia, septic lameness, diarrhea
1. ferment what?
3. found widely in nature
enterobacter cloacae and enterobacter aerogenes are important
4. They cause what kind of infections in immunocomporomizsed host hosts?
5. E. aerogenes can be associated with what?
6. what in mares?
7. E. cloacae causes in occatsional bacteriemia humans
4. opportunistic infections
6. uterine infections
1. lactose fermenter?
3. what is the type species?
4. oppotunisitic pathogen
6. associated with what three things?
7. involved in what?
3. klebsiella pneumoniae
5. yes - a large polysaccharide capsule
6. mastitis in cattle, cervicitis and metritis in mares and uinrary tract infections
7. pneumonia in humans, canine cystitis
1. occurs naturally where?
2. can cause what infections in humans and animals?
4. lactose fermenter? mistaken for what?
1. soil (indicator of pollution)
2. urinary tract
3. usually considered to be non-pathogenic
4. yes (delayed), Salmonella
1. lactose fermenter?
2. genus contains how many species?
3. motile - so do what?
5. protues mirabilis occurs most frequently in clinical material from animals
3. swarm surface of agar
1. Urinary tract infections are frequently caused by protes species in dogs and cats
2. Proteus may also appear similar to what on some differential media?
3. enteric pathogen in animals?
1. lactose fermenter?
2. cause animal infections?
3. similar to what in some biochem rxns?
4. enteric pathogen in animals?
5. cause what in humans?
1. LActose fermenter?
2. similar to what?
3. until recently identifited as what?
4. morganella morganii is the species
5. opportunisitc pathogen
6. present in intestinal tract of humans and animals
7. an enteric pathogen?
8. isolated from wound and urinary tract infections