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Flashcards in 07-04 Deck (85):
1

antiquate
[ˋæntə͵kwet]

vt. 使古舊; 使過時; 廢棄; 使具有古舊形式或風格

2

assurance
[əˋʃʊrəns]

n. 保證[U][+(that)]; 表示保證(或鼓勵等)的話[C][+(that)] The contractor gave assurances that the work would be completed on time. 承包人表示過保證按時完工。; 把握, 信心[U][+(that)] They answered with assurance that it was against the rules. 他們很有把握地回答說那是違反規定的。; 對自己才能的信心, 自信[U] The teacher lacked assurance in front of his class. 那位教師在學生面前缺乏自信。; 厚顏無恥[U][the S][+to-v] He had the assurance to ask me for money. 他竟厚著臉皮向我要錢。; 【英】(人壽)保險[U]

3

clannish
[ˋklænɪʃ]

a. 宗族的; 氏族的; 黨派的; 團結心很強的; 排他的

4

sprawl
[sprɔl]

vi. 伸開四肢躺(或坐)[Q] The tired boy sprawled on the grass. 累壞了的男孩攤開四肢躺在草地上。; 笨拙地爬行; (植物)蔓生, 蔓延; (都市等)無計劃地擴展
vt. 懶散地伸開(手、足)[O][H]; 使蔓生; 使不規則地延伸
n.[C][S1] 伸開四肢的躺臥姿勢 He is lying in a sprawl on the bed. 他伸開四肢躺在床上。; 蔓生; 散亂; 雜亂的擴展

5

morale
[məˋræl]

n.[U] 士氣, 鬥志 The army recovered its morale and fighting power. 這支軍隊恢復了士氣和戰鬥力。; 道德; 品行

6

estrange
[əˋstrendʒ]

vt. 使疏遠; 使感情失和[(+from)] His foolish behavior estranged all his friends. 他的愚蠢行為令所有的朋友與之疏遠。 The argument estranged him from his wife. 這一爭論使他同妻子疏遠了。

7

beleaguered
[bɪˋligɚd]

a. 圍困的, 包圍的

8

salvage
[ˋsælvɪdʒ]

n.[U] 海難救助; 搶救; 挽救; 救助酬金; 被救船舶(貨物、人員等); 沈船打撈(作業); 廢物利用; 可利用的廢品
vt. 救助; 營救; 搶救; 挽救[(+from)] We were unable to salvage anything when the factory burnt down. 當工廠燒毀時, 我們沒有能搶救出任何東西。; 打撈; 利用(廢物等)

9

sanction
[ˋsæŋkʃən]

n. 認可; 批准[U] Official sanction has not yet been given. 尚未獲得正式批准。; 贊許; 支持; 鼓勵[U][S1][(+for)] There is no sanction for autocracy. 沒有人贊成獨裁統治。; 國際制裁[P][(+against)] The UN imposed economic sanctions against Iraq. 聯合國對伊拉克實施經濟制裁。; (為保證法律得到遵守的)獎懲附加條款[C]; (道德的)約束力[C][(+against)]
vt. 認可; 批准 The church would not sanction his second marriage. 教會不會認可他的第二次婚姻。; 贊許; 支持; 鼓勵 They refused to sanction segregation. 他們拒絕支持種族隔離。; 對...實施制裁

10

condone
[kənˋdon]

vt. 寬恕; 赦免

11

irremediably
[͵ɪrɪˋmidɪəb!ɪ]

ad. 無法補救地; 無可救藥地

12

contrition
[kənˋtrɪʃən]

n. 悔罪, 痛悔; 【宗】悔改

13

resilient
[rɪˋzɪlɪənt]

a. 彈回的; 有彈力的; 迅速恢復精力的

14

certitude
[ˋsɝtətjud]

n. 確實; 確信

15

remorse
[rɪˋmɔrs]

n. 痛悔; 自責[U][(+for/at/about)] With remorse and shame, he asked for her forgiveness. 他羞悔交加地請求她的諒解。 She had no remorse about what she had said. 她對所說的話不後悔。

16

flawed
[flɔd]

a. 有缺點的; 錯誤的

17

resignation
[͵rɛzɪgˋneʃən]

n. 辭職; 放棄[C][U][(+from)] The mayor announced the fire commissioner's resignation . 市長宣佈了消防署署長的辭職。; 辭職書, 辭呈[C] It is customary to turn in one's resignation two weeks before one's last day. 通常辭職要在兩週前遞交辭職書。; 聽任, 順從; 屈從[U] They accepted the situation in resignation . 他們無可奈何地接受了現狀。

18

frivolous
[ˋfrɪvələs]

a. 輕薄的, 輕佻的 He made some frivolous remarks. 他說了些輕佻話。; 無聊的, 瑣碎的[+to-v] He spent a lot of his money on frivolous things. 他在一些無聊的事上花了好多錢。 It was frivolous of him to make such an accusation. 他提出這樣的指控真無聊。

19

impairment
[ɪmˋpɛrmənt]

n. 損傷

20

coloration
[͵kʌləˋreʃən]

n. 染色, 著色; 天然色; 對資訊的故意歪曲

21

supposition
[͵sʌpəˋzɪʃən]

n. 想像; 假定; 看法; 見解

22

outset
[ˋaʊt͵sɛt]

n. 最初, 開始, 開端[the S] At the outset , it looked like a nice day. 開始的時候, 天看上去很晴朗。

23

enclosure
[ɪnˋkloʒɚ]

n. 圍住, 封入[U] The enclosure of public land meant that ordinary people couldn't use it. 公共土地的圈圍意味著普通人將不能使用它。; 圈地; 圍場[C] There is a public enclosure of a racecourse. 那兒有個作賽馬場的公共圈地。; 圍欄, 圍牆[C]; (信函的)附件[C] I received a letter with three enclosures . 我收到一封有三份附件的信。

24

conservation
[͵kɑnsɚˋveʃən]

n.[U][(+of)] 保存; (對自然資源的)保護, 管理 Conservation is one way to make sure we have enough energy in the future. 對自然資源的保護是保證我們將來有足夠的能源的一種辦法。; 【物】守恆, 不滅 conservation of mass 質量守恆

25

modest
[ˋmɑdɪst]

a. 謙虛的, 審慎的[(+about)] He's got a drawer full of medals but he's too modest to wear them. 他有滿滿一抽屜的獎章, 但是他很謙虛, 從不戴它們。; (女性及其衣飾)端莊的; 穩重的 She wore a modest bathing suit. 她穿一件不太暴露的游泳衣。; 不太大(或多)的; 適度的, 有節制的 Prices tended to rise year by year, but at a modest rate. 物價年年上漲, 但幅度不大。

26

groundless
[ˋgraʊndlɪs]

a. 無根據的, 無理由的; 無基礎的 I'm afraid your fears are groundless . 你的恐懼恐怕沒有什麼根據。 They dismissed his accusations as groundless . 他們認為他的指控毫無根據, 因而不作處理。

27

particle
[ˋpɑrtɪk!]

n.[C] 微粒; 顆粒[(+of)] Particles of dirt settled on the tablecloth. 塵埃落在臺布上。; 極小量[(+of)] There is not a particle of truth in his report. 他的報告沒有一點真實性。; (物)粒子, 質點 He is studying the properties of these particles . 他在研究這些粒子的性質。; 【文】質詞(包括某些副詞, 冠詞, 介系詞, 連接詞等); 字首, 字尾

28

recant
[rɪˋkænt]

vt. 取消; 撤回
vi. 取消自己主張; 撤回自己意見

29

laud
[lɔd]

vt. 讚美
n. 讚美; 讚歌

30

disparage
[dɪˋspærɪdʒ]

vt. 貶低; 輕視; 毀謗

31

approbation
[͵æprəˋbeʃən]

n.[U] 許可, 認可, 核准 We have not yet received the approbation of the Minister for carrying out the plan. 我們尚未得到部長的批准, 讓我們實施該項計劃。; 讚許 She smiled approbation . 她微笑著表示讚許。

32

adulation
[͵ædʒəˋleʃən]

n. 諂媚, 奉承

33

locus
[ˋlokəs]

n. 所在地; 【數】軌跡

34

quotidian
[kwoˋtɪdɪən]

a. 每日的; 司空見慣的; 平凡的
n. 【醫】每日瘧

35

reserve
[rɪˋzɝv]

vt. 儲備, 保存; 保留[(+for)] These seats are reserved for special guests. 這些座位是為特別來賓保留的。 We will reserve the money; we may need it later. 我們將把這筆錢存起來, 也許以後用得著。; 預約, 預訂 They have reserved rooms at a hotel. 他們已預訂了旅館房間。 I have reserved a table at the restaurant. 我已在飯店預訂了一桌菜。; 延遲作出; 暫時不作 The court will reserve judgement. 法庭將延期判決。
n. 儲備(物); 儲備金; 保留(物); 儲藏量[C][U][(+of)] The old man kept a large reserve of firewood for cold weather. 這位老人貯存了大量的柴薪以備天冷時用。; 保留地; 保護區; 禁獵區[C]; 儲備選手, 候補[C]; 克制; 沈默寡言; 含蓄; 冷淡[U] He spoke with reserve . 他說話謹慎。; 預備軍, 後備隊; 預備役軍人[P1] The reserves were quickly mobilized during the war. 戰爭期間後備隊很快動員起來。

36

reverence
[ˋrɛvərəns]

n. 敬愛, 崇敬; 敬畏[U][(+for)] The old queen was held in great reverence . 那個年事已高的女皇極受敬重。; 尊嚴; 威望[U]; 敬禮, 鞠躬[U][C][(+to)] make a profound reverence to somebody 向某人深深一鞠躬; (大寫)(與Your, His等連用)(對教士的尊稱)尊敬的閣下[C]
vt. 尊敬, 崇敬; 敬畏

37

accord
[əˋkɔrd]

vi. (與...)一致, 符合, 調和[(+with)] His account of the incident accords with yours. 他對這個事件的描述與你的描述一致。
vt. 使一致, 調解 The mayor will try to accord the controversy over the housing scheme. 市長試圖調解在住房建築規劃方面的爭議。; 【書】給予; 贈予; 授予[O1] He was accorded a warm welcome at the airport. 他在機場受到熱烈歡迎。
n. 一致, 符合, 調和[U][(+with)] His words are in complete accord with his thoughts. 他說的話與他的思想完全一致。; (國家之間的)協議; 條約[C][(+with/on)]; 自願[U] I know you were there of your own accord . 我知道你是自願去那兒的。
vt. 賦予

38

bizarre
[bɪˋzɑr]

a. 奇異的; 異乎尋常的

39

facetious
[fəˋsiʃəs]

a. 滑稽的; 好開玩笑的

40

enviable
[ˋɛnvɪəb!]

a. 可羨慕的; 引起妒忌的

41

deplorable
[dɪˋplorəb!]

a. 可嘆的, 可悲的, 可憐的; 悲慘的; 糟糕的; 骯髒的 What a deplorable performance! 多糟的表演! The family lived in a deplorable slum. 那戶人家住在骯髒的貧民窟。

42

scourge
[skɝdʒ]

n.[C] (用作刑具的)鞭子; 懲罰的工具; 懲罰; 天譴; 苦難的根源; 災禍 Smallpox was once the scourge of the world. 天花曾是世界的大患。
vt. 鞭打, 鞭笞; 嚴懲; 嚴斥[(+for)] He was scourged for tax evasion. 他因逃稅受到嚴懲。; 使痛苦; 折磨[(+with)] For fifteen years the country was scourged by war. 這個國家遭受戰爭的蹂躪達十五年之久。

43

banish
[ˋbænɪʃ]

vt. 流放, 放逐[(+from)] He was banished from the country. 他被從該國驅逐出去。; 消除, 排除[(+from)] He tried to banish gloom from his thought. 他試圖驅除心中的憂愁。; 開除, 趕走[(+from)]

44

commitment
[kəˋmɪtmənt]

n. 託付, 交託; 委任[U]; 下獄; 收監[U]; 關進精神病院[U]; 承諾, 保證; 承擔的義務[U][C][(+to)] I felt I did not have to make such a commitment to them. 我覺得我沒有必要對他們作出那樣的承諾。; 信奉; 支持; 獻身[U][C][(+to)] My aunt has a sincere commitment to Buddhism. 我姑媽篤信佛教。; 犯罪, 罪行[U][C] commitment of infanticide 殺嬰罪
n. 參與

45

elude
[ɪˋlud]

vt. (巧妙地)逃避, 躲避 The fox succeeded in eluding the hunters. 這狐狸成功地避過了獵手。; 使困惑, 難倒 She tried to remember his face, but it eluded her. 她想記起他的臉, 可怎麼也想不起來。

46

boon
[bun]

n. 恩惠; 利益
a. 快活的, 歡樂的, 令人愉悅的; 慷慨的

47

proclaim
[prəˋklem]

vt. 宣告; 公佈; 聲明[O2][O9][+(that)] They proclaimed that he was a traitor. 他們宣稱他是叛徒。 They proclaimed him King. 他們稱他為國王。 The Government proclaimed a state of emergency. 政府宣佈了緊急狀態。; 表明, 顯示[O2][O9][+(that)] There was a feather on the rock, proclaiming that a bird had been there. 岩石上有一根羽毛, 說明有鳥到過那兒。; 讚揚, 稱頌

48

impostor
[ɪmˋpɑstɚ]

n. 騙子; 冒充者[C] This man is an impostor , who has stolen my throne. 這個人是個騙子, 他篡奪了我的王位。

49

afflict
[əˋflɪkt]

vt. 使痛苦, 使苦惱, 折磨 The poor old man was afflicted with diabetes. 那可憐的老人受到糖尿病的折磨。 Famine and war still afflict mankind. 饑荒與戰爭依舊給人類帶來痛苦。

50

imposture
[ɪmˋpɑstʃɚ]

n. 詐欺; 冒牌

51

affectation
[͵æfɪkˋteʃən]

n.[U][C] 做作; 假裝 He made an affectation of indifference. 他裝出無動於衷的樣子。; 裝模作樣; 矯揉造作 The affectations in the way she speaks annoyed me. 她說話時裝腔作勢的樣子惹我惱火。

52

efface
[ɪˋfes]

vt. 擦掉; 抹去 Time would efface the memory. 時間將會抹去記憶。; (與oneself連用)使(自己)不受人注意 She would efface herself before her father's visitors. 她總是避免在父親的來訪者面前露面。

53

frivolousness
None

輕浮; 愚笨

54

facade
[fəˋsɑd]

n.[C] (建築物的)正面; 前面 That is the facade of the Palace. 那是宮殿的正面。; 表面; 外觀 Her honesty was all a facade . 她的誠實只是一種表面現象。

55

assail
[əˋsel]

vt. 攻擊, 襲擊[(+with)] The policemen were assailed by a shower of stones. 警察遭到一陣石塊的襲擊。; 質問; 責罵; 困擾; 使煩惱 I was assailed by doubts. 我為疑慮所困擾。; 毅然應付; 著手解決 He assailed his studies with new determination. 他以嶄新的決心從事研究工作。

56

exhilarated
[ɪgˋzɪlə͵retɪd]

a. 高興的; 興奮的

57

override
[͵ovɚˋraɪd]

vt. 撤銷, 推翻; 使無效 The chairman's veto was overridden by the committee. 主席的否決被委員會推翻了。; 不顧, 無視 Larry was demoted for overriding his superior's orders. 拉里因藐視上級的命令而被降級。 He overrode his friend's advice. 他未聽朋友的忠告。; 權力高於; 優先於; 壓倒 The day-to-day struggle for survival overrode all other things. 日復一日的生存鬥爭壓倒了其它一切。; 騎馬越過; 踐踏; 壓垮; 把(馬等)騎得過累; 使(骨折端等)重疊; 【美】向...收取銷售酬金

58

cohesive
[koˋhisɪv]

a. 有黏著力的; 凝聚性的; 有結合力的

59

cumbersome
[ˋkʌmbɚsəm]

a. 笨重的; (因體積、重量等原因)難處理的 a cumbersome parcel 一個笨重難拿的包裹; 累贅的; 麻煩的 a cumbersome obligation 繁重的義務

60

contrived
[kənˋtraɪvd]

a. 人為的; 做作的, 不自然的 I quite liked the story, but I thought the ending was rather contrived . 我挺喜歡這個故事, 不過我覺得結尾頗有斧鑿之嫌。

61

prolifically
[prəˋlɪfɪk!ɪ]

ad. 多產地, 生殖力強地; 豐富地, 大量地; 碩果纍纍地

62

spontaneously
[spɔnˋteniəsli]

ad. 自然地; 自發地; 不由自主地 We decided spontaneously to board a train for Geneva. 我們自行決定搭乘去日內瓦的火車。

63

bark
[bɑrk]

vi. (狗, 狐等)吠叫[(+at)] What are the dogs barking at? 狗為何吠叫?; 發出吠叫似的聲音; 厲聲說話; 咆哮 He barked at his secretary. 他呵責祕書。; 【口】咳嗽
vt. 厲聲說出[(+out)]; 高聲叫賣
n.[C] 吠聲 The dog gave several fierce barks . 狗汪汪狂吠了幾聲。; 吠叫似的聲響; 厲聲說出的話; 【口】咳嗽聲

64

forage
[ˋfɔrɪdʒ]

n. 草料, 飼料[U]; 搜索糧秣; 搜索[U][S]
vi. 搜索糧秣; 搜尋[Q][(+for/about/in)] She foraged about in her handbag, but she couldn't find her ticket. 她在她的手提包裡搜尋, 但她沒能找到她的票子。 Racoons foraged in the garbage. 浣熊在垃圾裡找尋食物。 The campers went foraging for wood to make a fire. 露營者去搜尋柴木點火。

65

conjecture
[kənˋdʒɛktʃɚ]

n. 推測, 猜測; 推測的結果[U][C][+that] Her conjecture that the election would be a landslide proved to be true. 她關於選舉會大獲全勝的推測證明是正確的。; 【古】占卜
vt. 推測出; 對...作推測[+that][Y] The press conjectured that a summit conference would take place. 報界猜測將會召開最高級會議。
vi. 推測, 猜測

66

container
[kənˋtenɚ]

n. 容器(如箱、盒、罐等)[C]

67

competence
[ˋkɑmpətəns]

n. 能力, 勝任, 稱職[U] The young surgeon showed exceptional competence . 這位年輕的醫生表現了非凡的能力。; 【律】權限[U] This case is beyond this court's competence . 此法院無權受理這宗案件。; 【律】作證能力[U]; 足以過舒適生活的收入(或財產)[S] The retired worker lived in competence . 那個退休工人過著不愁吃穿的生活。

68

blundering
[ˋblʌndərɪŋ]

a. 浮躁的; 粗魯的

69

inept
[ɪnˋɛpt]

a. 不適當的; 無能的; 笨拙的

70

dissent
[dɪˋsɛnt]

vi.[(+from)] 不同意, 持異議 The right to dissent is part of our political system. 有持異議的權利是我們政治體制的組成部分。; 【英】不信奉國教
n.[U] 不同意, 異議 The resolution was approved without dissent . 這項決議案被一致通過。; (通常大寫)不信奉國教

71

discreet
[dɪˋskrit]

a. 謹慎的, 慎重的, 考慮周到的 He made a discreet reply. 他作了謹慎的答覆。; 樸素的, 不引人注意的 It was a discreet apartment in a quiet street. 那是間位於一條僻靜的街上不引人注意的公寓房間。

72

commend
[kəˋmɛnd]

vt. 稱讚; 贊賞[(+for)] The general commended the soldier for his bravery. 將軍表揚了那個士兵的勇敢行為。; 推薦[(+to)] I should like to commend this method to you. 我想向您推薦這一方法。; 把...委託(給)[(+to)] They commended their child to my care. 他們把孩子委託給我照顧。
vi. 稱讚, 表揚

73

overt
[oˋvɝt]

a. 明顯的; 公然的; 【律】蓄意的

74

conjecture
[kənˋdʒɛktʃɚ]

n. 推測, 猜測; 推測的結果[U][C][+that] Her conjecture that the election would be a landslide proved to be true. 她關於選舉會大獲全勝的推測證明是正確的。; 【古】占卜
vt. 推測出; 對...作推測[+that][Y] The press conjectured that a summit conference would take place. 報界猜測將會召開最高級會議。
vi. 推測, 猜測

75

acknowledge
[əkˋnɑlɪdʒ]

vt. 承認[(+as)][+v-ing][+that][O2][O7][O8] I acknowledge that her criticism is just. 我承認她的批評是公正的。; 就...表示謝忱 The candidate waved his hands to acknowledge the cheers of the crowd. 候選人揮手對大眾的歡呼表示感謝。; 告知收到(信件等) I acknowledged her letter at once. 我馬上告知收到了她的信。; 對...打招呼 Stella didn't even acknowledge me when I waved a greeting. 我向斯特拉揮手致意, 可她連招呼也不打一個。

76

conjure
[ˋkʌndʒɚ]

vt. 唸咒召喚(神靈、魔鬼等); 用魔法變出[(+out of)] The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat. 魔術師從帽子裡變出一隻兔子。; 令人想起 The name Sahara conjures up images of a desert of aridity. '撒哈拉'這個名字使人想起乾旱的沙漠情景。
vi. 以念咒召喚神靈(或魔鬼等); 施魔法, 變魔術

77

demystify
[diˋmɪstɪfaɪ]

vt. 除去...中的神祕因素

78

cape
[kep]

n. 岬, 海角[C]

79

ruff
[rʌf]

n. (尤指十六、七世紀的)襞襟; 襞襟狀物; 鳥獸頸部的環狀毛; 毛領鴿; 流蘇鷸; 【機】軸環

80

obliqueness
None

傾斜; 斜度; 斜角

81

profligacy
[ˋprɑfləgəsɪ]

n. 放蕩; 浪費

82

asceticism
[əˋsɛtɪsɪzəm]

n. 禁慾主義; 苦行主義; 苦行生活

83

unpretentious
[ʌnprɪˋtɛnʃəs]

a. 不矯飾的; 不虛裝門面的; 不矜持的; 謙遜的

84

sumptuous
[ˋsʌmptʃʊəs]

a. 奢侈的; 豪華的; 昂貴的 We were ushered into a sumptuous dining hall. 我們被領進一個豪華的餐廳。

85

sobriety
[səˋbraɪətɪ]

n.[U] 清醒; 冷靜; (飲酒)有節制; 適度; 嚴肅; 持重 Jane's new sobriety surprised her friends. 珍新的莊重態度使她的朋友們感到吃驚。