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Flashcards in 07-14 Deck (90):
1

dismay
[dɪsˋme]

n. 名詞 驚慌, 沮喪, 氣餒[U] To his dismay, James saw a tear steal down her cheek. 令詹姆士驚愕的是, 他看到一顆淚珠從她面頰上悄悄滾落。
vt. 及物動詞 使驚慌, 使沮喪, 使氣餒[H][(+at/by)] The teacher was dismayed at the students' lack of response. 老師對學生的毫無反應感到沮喪。

2

disparage
[dɪˋspærɪdʒ]

vt. 及物動詞 貶低; 輕視; 毀謗

3

prevalent
[ˋprɛvələnt]

a. 形容詞 流行的, 盛行的; 普遍的[(+among/in)] They were brought up in the liberal atmosphere prevalent in the 1960s. 他們在六十年代盛行的自由氣氛中長大。; 【罕】優勢的

4

fastidious
[fæsˋtɪdɪəs]

a. 形容詞 愛挑剔的; 難討好的; 過分講究的[(+about)] He is fastidious about his food. 他對食物過於講究。

5

partisan partisan
[ˋpɑrtəzn]

n. 名詞 [C] (黨派等的)強硬支持者; 黨人 He is a staunch partisan of the Republican Party. 他是共和黨的堅定支持者。; 游擊隊員 Even after the country was defeated, partisans fought the invaders in the hills. 即使在國家被擊敗之後, 游擊隊仍在山裡與入侵者抗戰。
a. 形容詞 黨派性強的; 偏袒的 a very partisan speech 強烈偏袒一方的演說; 由一個黨派組成(或控制)的; 游擊隊的

6

vigilant
[ˋvɪdʒələnt]

a. 形容詞 警戒的; 警惕的 A vigilant police force helps to control crime. 一支警惕著的警察隊伍有助於遏制犯罪。

7

decry
[dɪˋkraɪ]

vt. 及物動詞 責難; 誹謗

8

applaud
[əˋplɔd]

vt. 及物動詞 向...鼓掌; 向...喝采 The audience applauded the singer for three minutes. 觀眾向歌唱家鼓掌喝采達三分鐘。; 稱讚; 贊成 We applauded him for his courage. 我們稱讚他的勇敢。
vi. 不及物動詞 鼓掌歡迎; 喝采 Everyone stood up to applaud. 全體起立鼓掌。

9

disturb
[dɪsˋtɝb]

vt. 及物動詞 妨礙, 打擾 I'm sorry to disturb you so early. 對不起, 我這麼早打擾你。; 擾亂, 搞亂 They were charged with disturbing the public peace. 他們被指控擾亂公共治安。; 使心神不寧[H] She was disturbed to hear you had been injured in the accident. 她聽到你在事故中受了傷感到不安。
vi. 不及物動詞 打擾, 妨礙

10

cherish
[ˋtʃɛrɪʃ]

vt. 及物動詞 珍愛; 撫育; 愛護 They cherished the child as one of their own. 他們把這孩子當作自己親生子女一般。; 抱有, 懷有(希望, 感情等) She cherished the hope that he would come back to her some day. 她希望他終將回到她的身邊。

11

assimilate
[əˋsɪm!͵et]

vt. 及物動詞 消化吸收(食物) The body assimilates protein. 軀體吸收蛋白質。; 吸收(知識等); 理解 It's not easy to assimilate so many ideas. 吸收那麼多思想很不容易。; 使(民族、語音)同化[(+to/into)] America has assimilated millions of immigrants. 美國同化了千百萬移民。; 使相似[(+to/with)]; 把...比作[(+to/with)] assimilate a conqueror to a robber 把征服者比作強盜
vi. 不及物動詞 被吸收; 被消化 Some foods assimilate easily. 有些食物很容易被吸收。; 被同化[(+into)] Some foreigners assimilate easily into our way of life. 有些外國人容易被我們的生活方式同化。; 成為相似[(+to/with)]

12

reputed
[rɪˋpjutɪd]

a. 形容詞 馳名的, 出名的; 享有聲望的; 被普遍認為...的; 據說是...的[+to-v] The buildings were reputed to be haunted. 據說這些房子鬧鬼。

13

anticipate
[ænˋtɪsə͵pet]

vt. 及物動詞 預期, 期望; 預料[+v-ing][+that][+wh-] It is impossible to anticipate when it will happen. 不可能預料這事何時發生。 The first question is one which Jason has anticipated. 第一個問題是傑森料到的。; 預先考慮到; 預先做(或準備)[+wh-][+that] My wife anticipates all my needs each time I come back from a business trip. 我每次出差回家, 妻子總會預先考慮到我的全部需要而作好安排。; 先於...前行動, 先發制(人); 早別人做; 佔先 The Chinese anticipated the European discovery of gunpowder. 中國人先於歐洲人發現火藥。; 提前支用(薪金等) No employees of the firm are allowed to anticipate their salary. 這家商行不允許雇員提前支用薪金。

14

elucidate
[ɪˋlusə͵det]

vt. 及物動詞 闡明; 說明

15

respiratory
[rɪˋspaɪrə͵torɪ]

a. 形容詞 呼吸的

16

elevate
[ˋɛlə͵vet]

vt. 及物動詞 舉起; 抬起; 使上升 Earth movements in the past elevated great areas of the seabed. 地球過去的運動使海底大片地區隆起。; 提高(嗓子, 道德品質, 信心等); 振奮(情緒等) The good news elevated our spirits. 這個好消息使我們精神振奮。; 提升...的職位 He was elevated to the position of captain. 他擢升船長。

17

justifiably
[ˋdʒʌstəfɑɪəblɪ]

ad. 副詞 有正當理由地; 情有可原地

18

preeminence
[priˋɛmɪnəns]

n. 名詞 卓越, 傑出[U] No one doubted the preeminence of my father in financial matters. 我父親在財務方面的傑出才能是不容置疑的。

19

daunting
[ˋdɔntɪŋ]

a. 形容詞 令人怯步的; 使人氣餒的

20

encouraging
[ɪnˋkɝɪdʒɪŋ]

a. 形容詞 鼓勵的; 贊助的; 促進的

21

challenge
[ˋtʃælɪndʒ]

n. 名詞 挑戰; 邀請比賽[C][+to-v] He received a challenge to a TV debate. 他接到電視辯論的挑戰。; 質疑; 指責; 異議[C]; 頗有作為的工作; 艱鉅的事[C] To build a road in the mountainous area was a real challenge. 在山區修築公路確是艱鉅的事。 He wants a career that offers a challenge. 他要有挑戰性, 能有一番作為的事業。; (哨兵, 警衛等)查問口令; 盤問[C] I was met with a challenge when approaching the post. 我在走近哨所時被查問身分。; 【律】(對某陪審員出庭等表示的)反對[C]; 有挑戰性[U]
vt. 及物動詞 向...挑戰[(+to)][O2] I challenged him to show his proof. 我要他拿出證據。; 對...提出異議; 懷疑; 反對 He challenged my view on that matter. 他就我對那件事的看法提出異議。; 要求, 需要; 刺激, 激發[O2] The new position challenged him to study still harder during his spare time. 那個新職位激發他在業餘時間更加努力學習。 The event challenges an explanation. 那個事件需要解釋。; (哨兵, 警衛等)查問; 盤問; 【律】宣佈反對(某陪審員等)

22

feud feud
[fjud]

n.[C][U] (部落或家屬間的)世仇 The two tribes were long at feud with each other. 這兩個部族長期不和。; (個人或團體間的)仇恨; 長期不和; 爭吵 How did he start his feud with his neighbor? 他是怎樣和鄰居開始爭吵起來的?
vi. 不及物動詞 世代結仇; 長期爭鬥; 爭吵[(+with)] The two tribes feuded with each other for generations. 這兩個部族世代為敵。

23

rivalry
[ˋraɪv!rɪ]

n. 名詞 競爭; 對抗[U][(+with)] Rivalry among business firms grew more intense. 公司間的競爭趨於激烈。; 競爭行為; 對抗行為[P1]

24

scar scar
[skɑr]

n. 名詞 [C] 疤; 傷痕; (物品等的)損傷痕 The region we visited showed the scars of the civil war. 我們訪問的那個地區經歷過內戰, 滿目瘡痍。; (心靈上的)創傷 The scars of poverty have undoubtedly left their mark. 貧困給心靈造成的創傷毫無疑問地留下了烙印。
vt. 及物動詞 在...留下疤痕 The injury scarred his face. 傷口在他臉上留下了疤痕。; 使變醜; 損傷 He scarred the door with a hammer. 他用錘子將門敲得疤痕累累。; 傷害(心靈) The terrible experience had scarred him for life. 這一可怕的經歷給他留下了終身的創傷。
vi. 不及物動詞 結疤; (傷口)癒合 The cut on his leg is scarring well. 他大腿上的傷口結疤情形良好。; 留下傷痕

25

vitriolic
[͵vɪtrɪˋɑlɪk]

a. 形容詞 硫酸的; 刻薄的

26

truculent
[ˋtrʌkjələnt]

a. 形容詞 兇狠的, 殘酷的; 野蠻的; 好戰的, 好鬥的; 尖刻的, 粗暴的; 致命的, 毀滅性的

27

dazzle
[ˋdæz!]

vt. 及物動詞 使目眩, 使眼花 The splendid room dazzled the young girl. 富麗堂皇的房間使得小女孩眼花了。 The bright morning sun dazzled him. 早晨明亮的太陽使他睜不開眼來。; 使昏昏然, 使迷惑 She was not dazzled by her success. 她沒有被自己的勝利衝昏頭腦。; 使驚羨, 使讚歎不已 The fireworks on July 4th dazzled us. 七月四日獨立紀念日放的煙火使我們讚歎不已。
n.[U][S] 耀眼的光; 燦爛 The dazzle of the spotlights made him ill at ease. 聚光燈的耀眼強光使他侷促不安。; 令人讚歎(或迷惑)的東西

28

overlook
[͵ovɚˋlʊk]

vt. 及物動詞 眺望; 俯瞰 The house on the hill overlooks the valley. 小山上的房子俯瞰著山谷。; 看漏; 忽略[+v-ing] My calculation was wrong because I overlooked one tiny point. 由於我忽略了一個細微之處, 我的計算錯了。; 寬恕, 寬容 He has been kind enough to overlook my fault. 他很寬容, 原諒了我的錯。; 【罕】細看; 檢查 He overlooked the contract before he signed it. 他在簽字之前仔細閱讀了合同。; 照管; 監督; 監視 She did not know that she was being overlooked by the woman next door. 她不知道隔壁鄰居的女人一直在監視她。; 高聳於...之上 The monument overlooks the square. 紀念碑高聳在廣場之上。

29

authenticate
[ɔˋθɛntɪ͵ket]

vt. 及物動詞 證明...是真實的; 鑑定; 使生效

30

imbue
[ɪmˋbju]

vt. 及物動詞 使充滿; 灌輸; 深深影響; 使滲透

31

reprint reprint
[ˋri͵prɪnt]

n. 名詞 [C] 重印(本); 再版(本); 翻印; 翻版書; (供集郵者搜集的)再版郵票

32

windmill
[ˋwɪnd͵mɪl]

n. 名詞 [C] 風車; 風車房 The grinder was powered by a windmill. 這磨盤由風車提供動力。; 旋轉玩具; 玩具風車; 【口】直升飛機; 假想的敵人(或壞事)

33

headway
[ˋhɛd͵we]

n.[U] (船等的)前進 The ship made little headway in the storm. 航船在暴風驟雨中幾乎無法前進。; 進展, 進步, 成功 She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills. 她在寫作技巧方面有了長足進步。; 【美】(前後兩班車, 船, 飛機的)間隔時間; 間隔距離

34

inland
[ˋɪnlənd]

a.[Z][B] 內地的, 內陸的 the inland forests 內陸森林; 【英】國內的
n. 名詞 內地, 內陸[U]
ad. 副詞 在內地, 在內陸; 向內地, 向內陸 travel inland 去內地旅行

35

impediment
[ɪmˋpɛdəmənt]

n. 名詞 [C] 妨礙, 阻礙; 障礙物[(+to)] The main impediment to development is the country's huge foreign debt. 發展的主要障礙是國家欠下的巨額外債。; 口吃; 殘疾 It's difficult to understand him because he has a speech impediment. 他的話很難聽懂, 因為他講話口吃。; 【律】合法婚姻的障礙; 【律】締結合同的法定障礙[P]

36

shore sth. up
None

(以支柱等)支撐 shore up the side of an old house to stop it falling down 支撐舊屋牆壁以防倒塌 She used this evidence to shore up her argument. 她用該證據來支持自己的論點。

37

shore shore
[ʃɔr]

n. 名詞 支柱, 撐柱[C]
vt. 及物動詞 用支柱撐住 We have to shore up the damaged fence. 我們得用支柱撐住壞了的籬笆。; 使穩住, 支持[(+up)]

38

reservoir
[ˋrɛzɚ͵vɔr]

n. 名詞 [C] 蓄水庫; 貯水池(或槽); 貯存器 This reservoir supplies the entire city with water. 這個水庫為全城供水。; 儲藏所, 倉庫; (知識, 精力等的)儲藏, 蓄積[(+of)] History is a reservoir of human experience. 歷史是人類經歷的總匯。; 【生】儲液囊
vt. 及物動詞 (在水庫, 水槽等中)儲藏, 蓄積

39

accede
[ækˋsid]

vi.[(+to)] 答應, 同意 The chairperson acceded under pressure. 主席在壓力下同意了。; 就任; 繼承 The only child acceded to the family estate. 這個獨生子繼承了家產。; 參加, 加入 Father and son acceded to the same political party. 父子倆加入了同一個政黨。

40

custodian
[kʌsˋtodɪən]

n. 名詞 管理人; 保管人; 監護人; 守衛

41

adaptation
[͵ædæpˋteʃən]

n. 名詞 適應, 適合[U][S1] He made a quick adaptation to the new environment. 他很快適應了新的環境。; 改編, 改寫; 改寫本[U][C] This play is an adaptation of a novel. 這一劇本是由小說改編的。; 【生理】適應性的變化, 適應作用[C]

42

mute
[mjut]

a. 形容詞 沈默的; 一時說不出話的; 不用言語表達的 a mute appeal 無聲的懇求 The prisoner sat mute, offering nothing in his own defence. 那個囚犯一聲不吭地坐著, 沒說任何為自己辯護的話。; 啞的, 不會說話的 The child has been mute since birth. 那孩子生來就是啞巴。; 【語】(字母)不發音的, 閉鎖音的 The letter 'e' in 'mouse' is mute. 'mouse'中的字母'e'不發音。
n. 名詞 [C] 啞巴; 【語】閉鎖音; 【音】弱音器
vt. 及物動詞 消除(聲音), 減輕(聲音) mute a musical instrument 減低樂器的聲音; 使(顏色等)柔和 The artist muted the colors. 那畫家把色彩抹得柔和些。

43

nonetheless
[͵nʌnðəˋlɛs]

ad. 副詞 但是; 仍然
conj. 但是; 仍然

44

jaded
[ˋdʒedɪd]

a. 形容詞 疲倦不堪的; 厭倦的

45

feckless
[ˋfɛklɪs]

a. 形容詞 無效的; 效率低的; 不負責的; 無力氣的

46

ascetic
[əˋsɛtɪk]

n. 名詞 禁慾主義者; 苦行者; 苦修者
a. 形容詞 禁慾主義的; 苦行的

47

vain
[ven]

a. 形容詞 愛虛榮的, 自負的, 炫耀的 She is vain and extravagant. 她既愛虛榮又奢侈。; 徒然的, 無益的 They made vain attempts to reach the mountaintop. 他們幾次徒然嘗試想攀登山頂。; 【書】空虛的, 無意義的, 無價值的

48

impulsive
[ɪmˋpʌlsɪv]

a. 形容詞 衝動的; 易衝動的; 由衝動造成的 He later regretted his impulsive decision. 後來他懊悔憑衝動作出的決定。 She is an impulsive person; we never know what she will do next. 她是個容易衝動的人; 我們從來不知道她下一步想做什麼。; 推進的, 有推動力的 an impulsive force 推動力; 【物】衝力的

49

sanguine
[ˋsæŋgwɪn]

a. 形容詞 懷著希望的; 樂觀的[(+about/of)] His private expectations were not so sanguine. 他私下的期望並不是那麼樂觀。; 血色好的, 紅潤的; 血紅的; 【罕】嗜血成性的, 血腥的

50

tempered -tempered
[ˋtɛmpɚd]

a. 形容詞 【冶】回火的; 經過鍛鍊的; 調合的; 調和的; 溫和的; 適中的

51

temper
[ˋtɛmpɚ]

n. 名詞 情緒; 性情, 脾氣[C] She has a sweet temper. 她脾氣溫和。; 暴躁; 怒氣[C][U] His father is in a temper today. 他父親今天在發脾氣。; (鋼等的)韌度; 回火[U]; (皮革的)質地, 堅韌性[U]; 特徵; 傾向, 趨勢[the S] the temper of modern European poetry 現代歐洲詩歌的趨勢; 勇氣[U] The girl gathered her temper and spoke her mind. 那姑娘鼓起勇氣說出了自己的想法。; 冷靜, 沈著[U] She kept her husband in temper. 她使丈夫保持冷靜。
vt. 及物動詞 【冶】回火; 鍛鍊 Hardships tempered his will. 艱難困苦鍛鍊了他的意志。; 調和, 捏和(黏土等)[(+with)]; 使變淡; 使緩和; 使溫和[(+with)] Temper justice with mercy. 恩威並施。; 【音】給(樂器)調音
vi. 不及物動詞 (金屬)經回火後具有適當的韌度

52

even
[ˋivən]

a. 形容詞 平的, 平坦的, 平滑的[(+with)] The road wasn't even. 這條路不平。; 一致的; 同樣的; 齊的[(+with)] Her teeth were white and even. 她的牙齒潔白而整齊。; 對等的; 均等的, 相等的 The score is now even. 現在得分相等。; 【數】偶數的[Z]; 均勻的; 平穩的 The car went with an even motion. 汽車行駛平穩。; 恰好的, 整整的 Twelve apples makes an even dozen. 十二個蘋果正好一打。
ad. 副詞 (加強語氣)甚至; 連 Even Mrs. Smith could not help laughing. 甚至史密斯太太也忍不住笑了起來。; (用於比較級前)甚至更, 還 This book is even more useful than that. 這本書比那本甚至還更有用。; 實際上; 甚至可以說 He is ready, even eager to go. 他樂意甚至可以說渴望前去。
vt. 及物動詞 使平坦; 弄平 She evened the edges by trimming them. 她把邊緣修齊。; 使相等 Our team evened the score in the last minute. 我們隊在最後一分鐘將比分拉平。

53

disposition
[͵dɪspəˋzɪʃən]

n. 名詞 性格; 性情[C] He has a very friendly disposition. 他性情友善。; 傾向; 意向[C][+to-v] George shows a disposition to quarrel. 喬治好吵架。; 配置; 排列; 部署[C][U] the disposition of the troops 部隊的部署; 處理; 解決[U]; 支配(權); 處置(權)[U] funds at one's disposition 供某人使用的資金; 清除[U] the disposition of wastes 廢料的清除; 贈予; 出售; 轉讓[C][U]

54

blithe
[blaɪð]

a. 形容詞 歡樂的; 快活的 a blithe spirit 快樂的心情; 無憂無慮的; 漫不經心的 He showed a blithe indifference to her feelings. 他顯得毫不顧及她的感情。

55

phlegmatic
[flɛgˋmætɪk]

a. 形容詞 多痰的; 黏液質的; 冷淡的; 遲鈍的; 鎮定的

56

introverted
[ˋɪntrəvɝtɪd]

a. 形容詞 (性格)內向的; 不愛交際的

57

rigor
[ˋrɪgɚ]

n. 名詞 嚴格; 嚴厲; 苛刻[U]; (生活等的)艱苦; (氣候的)嚴酷[P1][(+of)]; 苛嚴待遇; 苛嚴行為[P1] He was subjected to the rod in all its rigors in this school. 他在這所學校裡受盡了籉杖體罰之苦。; 嚴密, 精確[U]; 【醫】強直[U]; 【醫】發燒前的寒戰[U]

58

suit
[sut]

n. 名詞 (一套)衣服[C] I picked out a black suit. 我挑了一套黑色西裝。; 套; 副; 組[C]; 同花色的一組紙牌[C]; 訴訟[C] He will bring a suit against his boss. 他要對老板提出控告。; 懇求; 求婚[U]
vt. 及物動詞 適合, 中...的意 Would Friday morning suit you? 星期五早上對你合適嗎? The arrangement suited us both. 這個安排對我們兩人都合適。; (不用被動式)與...相配, 與...相稱 This dress suits you beautifully. 這件衣服你穿非常合適。; 使合適; 使適應[(+to)] Her speech was well suited to the occasion. 她的講話在這個場合十分得體。
vi. 不及物動詞 合適, 適當 Will that time suit? 這時間合適嗎?; 相稱; 彼此協調[(+to/with)] The position suits with his abilities. 這個職位與他的能力相稱。

59

composure
[kəmˋpoʒɚ]

n. 名詞 平靜, 鎮靜, 沈著[U] Keep calm: don't lose your composure! 保持鎮靜, 不要慌張。

60

antipathy
[ænˋtɪpəθɪ]

n. 名詞 反感, 厭惡[U][C][(+to/towards/against/for)] He felt a strong antipathy towards them. 他對他們非常反感。; 引起反感的事物; 憎惡的對象[C]; 【古】(在本性、傾向等方面的)不相容, 抵觸

61

uneasiness
[ʌnˋizɪnɪs]

n. 名詞 擔心; 不安; 侷促; 拘束[U] To his surprise and uneasiness, the drawer proved to be empty. 令他吃驚和不安的是, 抽屜果然是空的。 The news gave him uneasiness. 那消息令他不安。

62

counterpart
[ˋkaʊntɚ͵pɑrt]

n. 名詞 [C] 極相像的人(或物) The two cars are exact counterparts in make, model and color. 這兩輛汽車的式樣、型號和顏色完全一樣。; 互為補充的人(或物); 對應的人(或物), 配對物 The U.S. Congress is the counterpart of the British Parliament. 美國的國會相當於英國的議會。; (契約等的)副本, 複本

63

repetition
[͵rɛpɪˋtɪʃən]

n. 名詞 重複; 反覆; 重說; 重做[C][U] Casual conversation tends to be filled with repetition. 隨意的交談中常常有許多重複的話。; 重複的事物; 複製品, 副本[C] This accident is a repetition of one that happened here two weeks ago. 這次事故是兩個星期前這裡所發生的事故的復現。; 背誦[U] Repetition helps learning. 背誦有助於學習。; (樂器的)複奏性能[U]

64

complacency
[kəmˋplesnsɪ]

n. 名詞 滿足; 自滿

65

disrepute
[͵dɪsrɪˋpjut]

n. 名詞 聲譽壞; 不名譽

66

promulgation
[͵promʌlˋgeʃən]

n. 名詞 公佈; 宣傳; 普及

67

succumb
[səˋkʌm]

vi.[(+to)] 屈服; 委棄; 聽任 The government succumbed to public pressure. 政府屈服於公眾壓力。; 被壓垮; 死 He succumbed to his injuries. 他因受傷而死。

68

nonviable
[nɑnˋvaɪəb!]

a. 形容詞 無法自力生活或發展的

69

mate
[met]

n. 名詞 [C] 同伴, 伙伴 He found himself separated from his mates. 他發現自己與夥伴們分開了。; (用作稱呼)老兄, 老弟; 配偶(夫或妻); 動物的配偶 The widow mourned for her dead mate. 那寡婦為她已故的丈夫服喪。; 配對物[(+to/of)] Where is the mate to this sock? 與這隻襪子配對的另一隻在哪裡?; (商船的)大副; 助手; (美國海軍)軍士
vt. 及物動詞 使成配偶; 使配對; 使交配[(+with)] They mated a horse with a donkey. 他們把一匹馬同一匹驢交配。
vi. 不及物動詞 成配偶, 成伙伴[(+with)]; (鳥, 獸)交配 Many animals mate in the spring. 許多動物在春天交配。; 緊密配合, 嚙合

70

infertile
[ɪnˋfɝtɪl]

a. 形容詞 不肥沃的

71

crochet
[kroˋʃe]

n. 名詞 鉤針編織(品)[U] a crochet hook 鉤針
vt. 及物動詞 用鉤針編織 crochet a shawl 用鉤針編織披肩
vi. 不及物動詞 用鉤針編織

72

needlework
[ˋnid!͵wɝk]

n.[U] 女紅, 縫紉; 刺繡 She spent the whole afternoon doing needlework. 她用了整個下午做針線活。; 女紅(刺繡)的作品

73

textile
[ˋtɛkstaɪl]

n. 名詞 紡織品; 紡織原料[C] The designers have created a new textile. 設計人員創造了一種新織物。
a. 形容詞 紡織的 The textile industry employs many women workers. 紡織工業雇許多女工人。

74

traceable
[ˋtresəb!]

a. 形容詞 可追蹤的; 起源於...的; 可歸因的; 可描畫的

75

textile
[ˋtɛkstaɪl]

n. 名詞 紡織品; 紡織原料[C] The designers have created a new textile. 設計人員創造了一種新織物。
a. 形容詞 紡織的 The textile industry employs many women workers. 紡織工業雇許多女工人。

76

medium
[ˋmidɪəm]

n. 名詞 [C] 中間; 中庸; 適中 There is a medium in all things. 凡事都有中庸之道。; 媒介物, 媒體; 傳導體[(+for)] Air is a medium for sound. 空氣是聲音的傳播媒介。; 手段, 工具[(+of)] English is not the usual medium of instruction in our school. 英語不是我校通常使用的教學語言。; 新聞媒介, 傳播媒介[P1] A good deal of adult education is accomplished by the mass media. 成人教育的相當一部分是由大眾傳播媒介完成的。; (生物的)生活環境 Water is the natural medium in which fish live. 水是魚類賴以生存的自然環境。; 【生】培養基; (藝術創作所用的)材料; (藝術的)表現方法 Water color is an extremely difficult medium to work with. 水彩是一種極難掌握的繪畫手法。; (複數為mediums)巫師, 女巫
a. 形容詞 中間的, 中等的, 適中的 The man is of medium height. 這男人中等個兒。; (肉)燒得適中的, 中等熟度的

77

predominate
[prɪˋdɑmə͵net]

vi.[(+over)] 佔主導(或支配)地位 He soon began to predominate over them. 他不久就開始支配他們了。; (在數量等方面)佔優勢 In this area immigrants predominate over the natives of the place. 在這一地區, 移民在數量上超過了本地人。 Conservatives might predominate in the government. 保守派人士有可能在政府中佔優勢。
vt. 及物動詞 主宰, 支配 His smile predominated his features. 他滿面笑容。; 在...中佔優勢, 佔...中的絕大多數 Pine trees predominate the woods here. 這兒的樹林中最多的是松樹。

78

deliberately
[dɪˋlɪbərɪtlɪ]

ad. 副詞 慎重地; 謹慎地; 故意地, 蓄意地 I believe the house was deliberately set fire to. 我認為有人蓄意放火燒這幢房子。; 從容不迫地, 不慌不忙地

79

underplay
[͵ʌndɚˋple]

vt. 及物動詞 含蓄地扮演(角色); 表演(角色等)不充分; 對...輕描淡寫; 貶低...的重要性
vi. 不及物動詞 表演角色不充分(或有節制)
n. 名詞 不充分的表演; 暗中的活動

80

excuse
[ɪkˋskjuz]

vt. 及物動詞 原諒[(+for)] Please excuse the offence this time: I will not do it again. 請原諒這次冒犯: 我以後再也不會了。 Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions unanswered. 如果我還有什麼問題沒有回答你的話, 請原諒。; 辯解; 成為...的理由; 試圖開脫[+v-ing] She excused her absence by saying that she was ill. 她為她的缺席申辯, 說是病了。; 免除[(+from)][O1] I'd rather be excused from the meeting. 我希望能不參加那個會議。; 准許...離去; 讓...走開[O2] Please excuse me for a while. 請允許我離開一會兒。
n. 名詞 辯解[C][U]; 理由; 藉口[C][U] There is no excuse for this chaotic state of affairs. 事情弄得如此之亂, 已經沒有什麼理由可說了。; 原諒, 饒恕[C]; 請假條[C] I wrote an excuse for my absence from school. 我寫了一張請假條, 說明缺課的原因。; 歉意, 道歉[P]

81

bent bent
[bɛnt]

a. 形容詞 彎曲的; 決心的, 決意的[(+on/upon)] He was bent on making them happy. 他一心想讓他們幸福。; 【俚】不老實的; 【俚】古怪的
n. 名詞 愛好, 傾向, 天分[C] He has a bent for art. 他愛好藝術。; 耐力[C]

82

hedonistic
[͵hidəˋnɪstɪk]

a. 形容詞 快樂主義者的

83

acquiescent
[͵ækwɪˋɛsənt]

a. 形容詞 默認的; 默默順從的, 甘心接受的

84

unctuous
[ˋʌŋktʃʊəs]

a. 形容詞 油的; 油膏的; 似油的; 油腔滑調的; 甜言蜜語的; 逆來順受的

85

loath
[loθ]

a. 形容詞 不願意的; 不喜歡的[F][+to-v] He is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings. 在寒冷的早晨他討厭起床。

86

brazen
[ˋbrezən]

a. 形容詞 黃銅(製)的; 黃銅色的 a brazen cup 黃銅杯; 堅硬的; 響而刺耳的; 無恥的, 厚臉皮的 I saw the boy stealing money; but he is so brazen that he tried to say that I had stolen it. 我看見那個男孩在偷錢; 但他竟厚顏無恥地企圖賴到我身上。 How can you believe such a brazen lie? 你怎能相信如此厚顏無恥的謊言?
vt. 及物動詞 使變得無恥; 厚著臉皮做(或對待)[(+out)] Although his deception had been discovered, he decided to brazen it out. 雖然他的騙術已被人發現, 他仍決定厚著臉皮挺住。

87

ignoble
[ɪgˋnob!]

a. 形容詞 卑鄙的; 不光彩的; 可恥的 To betray a friend is ignoble. 背棄朋友是為人所不齒的。; 出身卑賤的, 地位低下的 Some very great men have come from ignoble families. 有些偉人出身低微。; (質量等)低劣的

88

obsequious
[əbˋsikwɪəs]

a. 形容詞 諂媚的, 奉承的[(+to/towards)] obsequious shop assistants 阿諛逢迎的店員; 【古】順從的, 孝順的

89

gregarious
[grɪˋgɛrɪəs]

a. 形容詞 群居性的; 叢生的; 合群的

90

acquiescent
[͵ækwɪˋɛsənt]

a. 形容詞 默認的; 默默順從的, 甘心接受的
a. 無可奈何的接受的