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Flashcards in 09-24-1 Deck (44):
1

artisan
[ˋɑrtəzn]

n. 工匠; 技工[C]

2

impart
[ɪmˋpɑrt]

vt.[(+to)] 分給; 給予; 傳授 impart knowledge to students 向學生傳授知識 The red curtains impart a certain elegance to the room. 紅色的窗簾使房間平添幾分雅緻。; 告知; 透露 He had no news to impart . 他沒有什麼消息可透露。

3

apprentice
[əˋprɛntɪs]

n.[C] 學徒, 徒弟 My grandfather learnt shoe-making as an apprentice to a master craftsman. 我祖父跟一位大師傅當學徒, 學會了製鞋。; 見習生; 初學者, 生手
vt. 使當學徒 Mr. Smith apprenticed his son to an engineer. 史密斯先生讓他的兒子跟一個工程師當學徒。
vi. 當學徒

4

journeyman
[ˋdʒɝnɪmən]

n. 熟練工; 雇用工; 短工

5

article
[ˋɑrtɪk!]

n.[C] (物品的)一件; 物品; 商品 She had several articles of clothing in her bag. 她手提包內有幾件衣物。; 文章; 論文 He has written an article for the magazine. 他已給該刊撰寫了一篇文章。; 條款, 條文 Article 15 of the constitution deals with this problem. 憲法的第十五條款談及此問題。; 冠詞 The article is a part of speech in the English language. 冠詞是英語的一種詞類。
vt. 訂約將...收為學徒或見習生[(+to)] Phil was articled to a firm of lawyers. 菲爾簽約在一家律師事務所當見習生。

6

burst
[bɝst]

vi. 爆炸; 破裂 The balloon burst . 氣球爆炸了。; 衝, 闖 Her door was thrust open, and Mrs. Page burst in. 她的門被猛地推開, 蓓姬太太衝了進來。; 突然出現; 突然發生, 爆發; (用進行式)塞滿, 幾乎要脹破[(+with)] I am bursting with pride. 我自豪極了。
vt. 使爆炸; 使破裂 After ten days of rain the river burst its banks. 下了十天雨後河堤決口了。; 突然打開; 衝出; 炸出; 使脹破
n.[C] 爆炸; 破裂; 缺口, 裂口; 爆發, 突發[(+of)] A burst of hand-clapping followed the ending of the song. 歌聲結束之後響起了一陣掌聲。; 【俚】鬧飲

7

regiment
[ˋrɛdʒəmənt]

n.[C] 【軍】團[G] He commands an infantry regiment . 他指揮一個步兵團。; (一)大群; 大量[P1][(+of)] You can find whole regiments of birds on the islet. 在那個小島上你可以看到成群的鳥。

8

absenteeism
[͵æbsnˋtiɪzm]

n. 在外地主經濟制; (地主、業主的)長期在外; 曠課; 曠工

9

standing
[ˋstændɪŋ]

a.[B] 站立的; 站著做的 He got the longest standing ovation I had ever seen. 他受到了我所見到的最長時間的起立鼓掌歡迎。; 直立的; 直立生長的; 不流動的; 停止的; 不在運轉的; 長期的; 常設的; 常備的 a standing army 常備軍; 固定的, 不能移動的; 【印】(版面)排好後保留的
n. 站立[U]; 站立處[C]; 身分; 地位; 名望[U] She was an economist of considerable standing . 她是一位頗有名望的經濟學家。; 名次表[P]; 持續時間[U]

10

carpenter
[ˋkɑrpəntɚ]

n. 木工, 木匠[C]
vi. 當木匠, 做木匠工作 My father carpentered when he was young. 我父親年輕時當木匠。
vt. 製作(或修理)(傢俱) My uncle carpentered a table and a few stools for his needy neighbor. 我叔父給他窮困的鄰居做了一張桌子和幾隻凳子。; 機械式地拼湊(情節、文章等)

11

tailor
[ˋtelɚ]

n.[C] (尤指男裝)裁縫師; (尤指男裝)服裝店 He had his dress made by a Paris tailor . 他請巴黎的裁縫師做衣服。
vt. 裁製(衣服, 衣料等)[O] The overcoat is well tailored . 這大衣做得很好。; 修改; 使合適[O] The clinic tailors its treatment to individual needs. 那個診所的治療方法適合個別需要。
vi. 做裁縫

12

momentum
[moˋmɛntəm]

n. 【物】動量, 衝量[U][C] The truck gained momentum as it rolled down the steep road. 卡車沿著陡峭的道路往下開時, 衝力愈來愈大。; 氣勢, 衝力[U] a campaign that gained momentum 勢頭增大的一場運動; 動力[U][S1]

13

spearhead
[ˋspɪr͵hɛd]

n.[C] 矛頭, 槍尖; 先鋒; 先鋒部隊[S1][(+of)] A spearhead of tanks led the infantry attack. 坦克先遣隊引導步兵進攻。
vt. 當...的先鋒; 為...掃清道路; 帶頭 Plastics spearheaded the advance in synthetic materials. 塑料是合成材料發展的先導。 The airborne troops spearheaded the crossing of the river. 空降兵在渡河作戰中擔任先導。

14

tactic
[ˋtæktɪk]

n. 戰術; 策略; 手法

15

tuna
[ˋtunə]

n. 【魚】鮪, 金鎗魚; 【植】金槍仙人掌

16

mackerel
[ˋmækərəl]

n. 鯖, 青魚, 青花魚, 馬鮫魚

17

billfish
[ˋbɪl͵fɪʃ]

n. 長槍魚或梭魚的一種; 任何有長嘴的魚類

18

marlin
[ˋmɑrlɪn]

n. 【魚】槍魚

19

sailfish
[ˋsel͵fɪʃ]

n. 旗魚

20

courtship
[ˋkortʃɪp]

n. 求愛; 求婚; 求愛期[C][U] He won her heart after a brief courtship . 經過短時期的追求, 他便贏得了她的芳心。; (動物的)求偶[U] Courtship will include displays in which the male fluffs up his feathers. 鳥兒求偶的表現包括雄鳥抖鬆羽毛的炫耀行為。; 追求, 尋找; 奉承[U]

21

aerodynamic
[͵ɛrodaɪˋnæmɪk]

a. 空氣動力學的; 航空動力學的

22

streamline
[ˋstrim͵laɪn]

n. 流線型
a. 流線型的
vt. 把...設計成流線型; 使現代化; 使合理化; 使有效率; 使簡化

23

sleek
[slik]

a. 光滑的, 柔滑的; (動物等)養得好的, 油光光的, 壯健的 a sleek horse 毛色光亮的馬; 圓滑的, 花言巧語的; 雅緻的; 時髦的; 豪華的 The sleek ship slid from the harbor. 那條造型優美的船徐徐駛出了港口。
vt. 使光滑, 使發油光

24

compact
[kəmˋpækt]

a. 緊密的, 結實的 His uncle is a man of compact build. 他叔父身體結實。; 緊湊的; 小巧的; 小型的 The company came up with a new, more compact computer. 公司推出了一種新的更小型的電腦。; 簡潔的 I appreciate his compact style of writing. 我欣賞他那簡潔的文體。
vt. 使緊密; 壓緊 My wife compacted my clothes in a suitcase. 妻子把我的衣服緊塞在手提箱裡。; 使簡潔; 結實地組成

25

slippery
[ˋslɪpərɪ]

a. 滑的; 容易滑的 The road was slippery after the rain. 下雨之後道路很滑。; (問題等)須小心對待的 They are faced with slippery economic problems. 他們面臨棘手的經濟問題。; 易滑脫的; 油滑的; 靠不住的 That guy is a slippery character. 那人是一個狡猾的傢伙。; 不穩定的; 不明確的 That is a slippery situation. 局勢很不穩定。

26

protrude
[proˋtrud]

vt. 使伸出, 使突出
vi. 伸出, 突出 His teeth protrude like fangs. 他的牙齒像犬牙一樣向外凸出。

27

slick
[slɪk]

a. 光滑的; 滑溜溜的 The road was slick with ice. 路上有冰很滑。; 熟練的; 靈巧的 He is a slick barber. 他是一位技術熟練的理髮師。; 聰明的; 機智的; 【口】圓滑的; 狡猾的; 花言巧語的 I don't trust those slick salesmen. 我不信任那些油嘴滑舌的推銷員。; 【口】華而不實的 I don't like a slick style of writing. 我不喜歡華而不實的文體。; 陳腐的, 老一套的
ad. 潤滑地, 自如地, 靈活地; 熟練地; 巧妙地; 聰明地; 徑直地; 恰好地 A falling stone hit him slick on the head. 一塊落石正好擊中他的頭部。
vt. 使光滑; 使滑溜 Rain slicked the roads. 雨後道路很滑。; 【美】【口】使整潔; 使漂亮[(+up)]
vi. 打扮整齊; 打扮漂亮[(+up)] He slicked up before going to the theatre. 他打扮得整整齊齊, 然後動身去劇院。
n.[C] (漂有浮油的)光滑水面; 浮油 There is a slick of oil on the water. 水面上有一片浮油。; 修光工具, 平滑器; 刮刀; 【美】【口】(用上等有光紙印刷的)通俗雜誌 Her story appeared in a national slick . 她的故事登在一家全國性的通俗雜誌上。; 【美】【俚】機靈鬼; 滑頭, 騙子

28

lid
[lɪd]

n.[C] 蓋子 Put the lid on the box. 把箱子的蓋蓋上。; 眼瞼 The lid is swollen. 眼皮腫了。; 【口】果蓋; 限制; 禁止; 取締[(+on)] The new law will put a lid on government spending. 新法律將限制政府開支。; 【口】遮蓋; 隱藏 They told us to keep a lid on the report until the campaign was over. 他們告訴我們競選結束之前遮蓋住那份報告。; 【口】帽子

29

drag
[dræg]

vt. 拉, 拖; 拖著(腳等)行進 He grabbed her and dragged her away. 他抓住她, 把她拖走了。; 用拖網等在...打撈[(+for)] They were dragging the river for the missing child. 他們正用抓鉤在河底打撈那個失蹤的孩子。; 耙(地); 【美】【俚】抽(煙), 深深地吸
vi. 拖曳; 慢吞吞地行進; 拖沓地進行 The battle dragged and the rainy season set in. 戰爭拖延著, 雨季來臨了。; 用拖網等打撈[(+for)]; 吸[(+on)] He dragged on the cigarettes as he wrote. 他一邊寫一邊抽煙。
n. 拖曳, 拉; 緩慢費力的行進[C][U]; 阻力; 摩擦力; 累贅; 拖後腿的事[S][(+on/upon)]; 【俚】令人厭倦的事物(或人)[S] This class is a real drag . Let's cut it. 這門課很無聊, 我們蹺課吧。 The party was a drag , so we left early. 派對開得單調乏味, 所以我們提早走了。; 【俚】抽煙[C]; 【俚】異性穿的服裝; 穿異性服裝的舞會[U][C]; 【美】【俚】街道; 道路[S1]

30

fin
[fɪn]

n.[C] 鰭; 鰭狀物; (潛水用的或船的)鰭板; (飛機的)安定翼; (潛艇的)水平舵

31

stiff
[stɪf]

a. 硬的; 挺的 The shoes are brand new and the leather is still very stiff . 這雙鞋是全新的, 皮還很硬。 She cleaned the sink with a stiff brush. 她用硬毛刷清洗水槽。; (手足等)僵直的, 僵硬的[(+with)] I felt stiff after a long walk. 我走長路後覺得全身發僵。; 不易移動的, 不靈活的; (繩子等)拉緊的, 張緊的; 拘謹的, 不自然的, 生硬的 He has a stiff manner of speaking. 他演講的樣子很不自然。; 剛強的, 倔強的; 強烈的; 猛烈的[B] A stiff wind blew my hat off. 一陣狂風刮走了我的帽子。; (價格)堅挺的; 昂貴的; 艱難的; 費勁的 That was a stiff examination. 那是次困難的考試。; 凝固的, 黏稠的 The batter was too stiff to beat. 麵糊太稠了, 不容易攪拌。; 嚴厲的 inflict a stiff punishment on sb. 對某人處以嚴厲的懲罰
ad. 僵硬地; 堅硬地; 【口】完全地, 極其 She was scared stiff . 她非常害怕。
n.[C] 【俚】死屍; 醉漢; 特別拘謹的人; 流浪漢; (泛指)人, 傢伙

32

tuck
[tʌk]

vt. 把...塞進, 把...藏入[O] She tucked her letter into an envelope. 她把信摺好塞進信封。; 把...的邊塞到下面(或裡面) His mother tucked in his blanket. 他母親幫他把毯子蓋好。; 把...舒服地裹好[(+in/up)] She tucked the baby in his crib for a nap. 她把嬰兒裹好放在童床裡小睡一會兒。; 使摺疊, 捲起, 挽起 The man tucked up his trousers for wading. 那人捲起褲子, 準備涉水。; 使縮起, 收攏; 使有褶襉 The baby's dress was beautifully tucked with tiny stitches. 嬰兒的衣服用細針腳縫著漂亮的褶襉。; 【俚】大口吃(或喝)[(+away/in)] The boys tucked away a big meal. 男孩子們大吃一頓。
vi. 縫褶襉; 摺疊; 收攏; 舒服地裹在裡面 By nine o'clock we had all tucked into bed. 九點以前我們都舒舒服服鑽進了被窩。; 【俚】大口吃(或喝)[(+in/into)] The boy tucked into the salad put in front of him. 男孩大吃放在他面前的沙拉。
n. (衣服等的)褶襉; 打褶[C] The dress was too big, so Mother put a tuck in it. 衣服太大, 所以媽媽在裡面打了襉。; 船尾突出部[C]; 抱膝式跳水[C]; 【俚】食物[U]

33

groove
[gruv]

n.[C] 溝; 槽; (車)轍; (唱片)紋(道) Wheels leave grooves in a dirt road. 輪子在泥路上會留下車轍。; 常規; 習慣; 老一套 A nun's life runs in a groove . 修女過著刻板的生活。; 【印】字溝; 【俚】頂呱呱的東西; 稱心的東西 The flower show was a groove . 那個花展棒極了。; 【俚】快活(或令人興奮)的經歷
vt. 在...上開出溝(或槽等); 用溝(或槽等)連接 The carpenter grooved the board. 木匠在木板上開槽。; 使陷入常規[(+into/in/down)][H] He was grooved in running errands for his neighbors. 他已習慣於為鄰居跑腿。; 【俚】使極快活; 盡情享受
vi. 被槽連接; 被配上槽; 形成溝槽; 陷入常規[(+into/in/down)]; 【俚】過得快活; 使人快活[(+on)] These young girls really groove on his music. 這些小姑娘迷上了他的音樂。

34

gear
[gɪr]

n. 齒輪; 傳動裝置; (汽車)排檔[C][U] This car has three gears . 這輛車有三檔。; 工具; 設備, 裝置; 家用器具[U] That store sells sports gear . 那家商店賣體育器具。; (尤指特種用途的)衣服[U]; 帆具; 馬具[U]; (飛機的)起落架, 著陸裝置[U]
vt. 用齒輪使聯動; (在...)搭上齒輪, 使囓合; 使適應, 使適合[H][(+to/for)] Education should be geared to the children's needs and abilities. 教育應該適合孩子的需要與能力。; 使準備好; 給...套上軛具[(+up)]; 開動(機器)
vi. 搭上齒輪, 囓合[(+into)] The cogs gear smoothly. 齒輪嚙合得很好。; 開始工作; 準備好; 安排好[(+up)] They geared up for the new season's production. 他們為新的一個季度的生產作好準備。; 適應; (與...)協調地工作[(+with)]
a. 好極了! 棒!

35

bill
[bɪl]

n.[C] 帳單[(+for)] The store sent me a bill for $50. 那家商店寄給我一張五十美元的帳單。; 目錄, 清單; 節目單; 票據; 單據; 匯票; 【美】鈔票; 議案, 法案 The House of Commons has not yet passed the bill . 下議院尚未通過該議案。; 海報, 招貼, 傳單
vt. 給...開帳單; 要...付款 Please bill me later. 請以後開帳單給我。; 在...貼海報; 貼海報宣佈[H][O2][(+as)]; 託運

36

keel
[kil]

n.[C] (船等的)龍骨 The keel of the boat was made of steel. 這船的龍骨是鋼製的。; 【動】龍骨脊; 【植】龍骨瓣; 【文】船
vt. 給(船等)裝龍骨; 把(船等)翻轉; 使傾覆
vi. (船等)翻身, 傾覆[(+over)] The boat pitched suddenly and keeled over. 船突然上下顛簸, 接著就傾覆了。

37

finlet
[ˋfɪnlɪt]

n. 小鰭

38

corselet
[ˋkɔrslɪt]

n. 甲胄; (女用)緊身內衣

39

bladder
[ˋblædɚ]

n.[C] 【解】膀胱 empty one's bladder 撒尿; 水生植物的氣囊; 脹大的果皮; 囊狀物; 可充氣的囊袋 a football bladder 足球膽

40

detract
[dɪˋtrækt]

vi. 減損, 降低[(+from)] The scandal will not detract from his fame. 這一醜聞無損於他的名聲。
vt. 轉移(注意等); 使分心; 【古】減損; 詆毀

41

slit
[slɪt]

vt. (縱向)切開; 撕開; 使成長條 He slit the envelope open. 他將信封撕開。; 使有裂縫; 使成狹縫 Henry slit his eyes. 亨利瞇起眼睛。
vi. 縱切; 縱裂 His shirt has slit at one side. 他的襯衫一邊裂開了。
n. 狹長的口子; 投幣口, 投入口; 裂縫; 狹縫[C] A slit is provided for the coin to drop through. 狹長的口子是供投硬幣用的。

42

thrust
[θrʌst]

vt.[O] 用力推 They thrust him into the back room and tied him up. 他們將他推入後房並把他捆了起來。; 刺 He thrust the dagger into the guard's side. 他將匕首刺進警衛的腰部。; 插; 塞; 擠出(路) He thrust the tickets into my hand. 他把票塞進我手裡。; 伸展 The tree thrusts its branches high. 那樹的枝條往上伸得高高的。
vi. 用力推; 刺[(+at)] I thrust at him with my sword. 我拿著劍向他猛然刺去。; 插; 塞; 擠 The woman thrust past me into the room. 那女人從我身邊擠進房間。
n. 猛推; 刺; 插[C] A thrust with the pin broke the balloon. 用針一戳, 氣球就爆了。; 猛攻, 突進; 抨擊[C] The invading army made a sudden thrust to the north. 入侵部隊突然向北猛攻。; 要旨; 目標; 突出重點; 要點[U][(+of)] The practical thrust of the rules is to create an incentive for the networks themselves. 這些規定的實際目的是為網路自身創造一個動力。; 魄力; 幹勁[U] He is a man of thrust and energy. 他這人幹勁十足精力充沛。; 【物】推力, 驅動力[U] The direction of the thrust of the rockets is controlled by computer. 火箭推力的方向是由電腦控制的。

43

swirl
[swɝl]

vi. 打旋, 旋轉[Q] The water swirled about his feet. 水在他的腳下打旋。; 捲曲, 盤繞[Q]; 暈眩, 昏亂
vt. 使打旋; 使捲曲[O]
n.[C] 打旋, 旋轉; 渦流; 漩渦; 拳曲狀物[(+of)] Swirls of smoke rose through the trees. 樹林中升起盤旋的青煙。; 暈眩, 昏亂; 紛亂

44

eddy
[ˋɛdɪ]

n. (水, 空氣等的)旋渦; 渦流; 旋渦般的事物[C] The car went past in an eddy of dust. 那汽車在一陣滾滾的塵土中馳過。
vi. 起旋渦; 旋轉 The mist eddied round the old house. 霧氣迴旋在這棟老房子的四周。