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Flashcards in 1 Deck (133):
1

What skin disease is desired as a red macular, with a pale eroded center, with possible vesicles or bullae?

Erythema multiforme

2

What is the sign associated with seborrheic keratosis?

Lester-trelat sign (paraneoplastic syndrome)

3

What condition is assocaited with epidermal hyperplasia and dermal scaring?

Lichen simplex chronicus

4

What is the most common form of eczema ?

Allergic contact dermatitis

5

Does lichen planus self resolve?

Yes in about 1-2 years

6

Seborrheic dermatitis is also know as what?

Cradle cap

7

Dactylitis (sausage digits) is assocaited with what?

Psoriasis patients (35%)

8

High grade HPV infections are caused by what?

HPV-16 AND HPV 18

9

What condition begins as as fever and malaise, 24-48 hours. Macules and vesicles, most common in daycares?

Hand foot and mouth disease

10

What is a dysplastic lesion in areas of sun exposure with a "sand paper like" texture ?

Actinic keratosis

11

What is a condition of cumulative UV damage with purple macules?

Senline purpura

12

What is a sign associated with lichen planus>?

Wickhams striae (70% have oral involvement )

13

What what is urticaria?

Hives

14

What makes up chronic inflammatory dermatoses ?

Psoriasis, lichen planus, lichen simplex chronicus

15

Senile purpura effects ____%of every >than___years old?

25%, 90 years old

16

Dermatitis herpetiformis most commonly effects who?

20-40 year old males

17

IgE dependent = ?

Feature of common allergens

18

What are functions of the skin?

Barrier, prevents water loss, UV protection

19

What is a common Nevus?

Benign growth, in the dermis, well defined borders, sometimes called a beauty mark

20

What condition is raised itchy and scaly and caused by repetitive traum such as OCD, anxiety, depression ?

Lichen simplex chronicus

21

Most genital warts comes form what forms of HPV?

6, 11

22

What is the 3rd most common skin cancer?

Melanoma

23

Psoriatic Arthritis is also called wha?

Pencil in cup deformity

24

What is more common? Pemphigus vulgaris or pemphigus foliaceus?

Pemphigus vulgaris

25

What kind of boarder does melanoma have?

Notched

26

What are risks for lichen planus?

ARD, dry eyes, arsenic, HCV infxn

27

What is a dysplastic nevus?

Larger, various colors, irregular borders

28

What kind of lesion is associated with erythema multiform ?

Targetoid

29

What are the risks for acanthosis nigricans?

Diabetes, obesity and genetics

30

What condition is associated with a fishnet like pattern of IgG?

Pemphigus

31

What organism causes most (80%) of all impetigo infections?

Staph. Aureus

32

What does chronic eczema look like?

Scaling plaque

33

What is more common verruca vulgaris or verruca plana ?

Verruca vulgaris

34

What skin condition may disguise cancer, and the onset is after 40 ?

Solar lentigo

35

What condition is associated with a red rash with "honey colored crust"

Impetigo

36

Who does impetigo most commonly affect?

Children and adolescent athletes

37

What is an autoimmune skin condition that has T cells at the dermoepidermal junction?

Lichen Planus

38

Is seborrheic keratosis benign or malignant ?

Benign

39

Psoriatic arthritis occurs in what percent range or psoriasis patients?

5-30

40

Pemphigus affects what group of patients?

Middle aged or elderly females

41

Low grade HPV infections are caused by what?

HPV-6, HPV-11

42

Acute eczematous dermatitis is also know as what?

Eczema

43

What skin disease is desired as a red macular, with a pale eroded center, with possible vesicles or bullae?

Erythema multiforme

44

What is more severe acne vulgaris or cystic acne ?

Cystic

45

Are fungal infections itchy?

Yes INTENSLY ITCHY (pruritus)

46

What organism causes aspergillosis?

Aspergillus fumigatus

47

A familial dysplastic nevus has what kind of cancer risk?

Higher (melanoma)

48

Where does erythema multiform attack?

Junction of the epidermis and dermis

49

What gene/pathway is associated with basal cell carcinoma ?

PTCH (hedgehog pathway) and TP53

50

What type hypersensitivity is erythema multiform?

Type IV

51

What kind of sensitization is eczema ?

CD4+ T cells

52

What type of invention is warts (verrucae)

Viral

53

Pemphigus vulgaris is located where?

Skin and MUCOSA

54

What organism causes dermal abscesses?

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

55

What skin cancer effects adults and the elderly?

Melanoma

56

What are the causes of a dermal abscess?

Puncture wound or burn injury

57

Is a sebaceous adenoma benign or malignant ?

Benign

58

Which form of pemphigus is limited to skin?

Pemphigus foliaceus

59

Detachment of the nail (oncholysis) is found in who?

1/3 of psoriasis patients

60

What is the most common skin cancer ?

Basal cell carcinoma

61

Is dermatoheliosis caused by synthetic or natural exposure?

Both

62

What is more severe? Pemphigus vulgaris or pemphigus foliaceus?

Pemphigus vulgaris

63

What condition is described as having dark "coin like" lesions with a flat "stuck on" appearance ?

Seborrheic keratosis

64

Where does aspergilliosis typically begin?

Lungs, quickly spreads to the blood

65

What are symptoms of acne vulgaris?

Erythema, pustules, comedones with possible pain.

66

What is an example of a bacterial skin infection?

Impetigo and dermal abscesses

67

What skin disease is described as a red macular, with a pale eroded center, with possible vesicles or bullae?

Erythema multiforme

68

What type hypersensitivity is erythema multiform?

Type IV

69

Where is senile purpura most commonly seen?

Extensor surfaces

70

What two syndromes are associated with erythema multiforme major ?

Stevens-johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis

71

A blockage/inflammation of pilosebaceous region is what?

Acne vulgaris

72

What type of erythema multiforme is drug related, and is more aggressive causing a sloughing of epidermis, fluid loss and infection?

Erythema multiforme Major

73

Hereditary angioedema is associated with that?

Urticaria

74

Where are common places for fungal infections?

Skin, NAIL BED

75

What is are another name for genital warts?

Condylomata acuminata

76

Are fungal infections superficial or deep? `

Superficial

77

What are 3 blistering (bullous) disorders

Pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis

78

What fungal infection is an immunodeficiency, highly angioinvasive.

Aspergillosis

79

What is a mild form of dermatitis that has patches of red skin, that are scaly, flaky, and itchy. ?

Seborrheic dermatitis

80

Xeroderma pingmentosa is assoscited with what?

Squamous cell carcinoma

81

Melanoma grows _____early, and _________late.

Radial, verticlql

82

Is impetigo contagious ?

Yes, very

83

Where does erythema multiform attack?

Junction of the epidermis and dermis

84

A firboepithelia polyp is known as what?

A skin tag (acrochordon)

85

Where are common locations of acanthosis nigricans?

In body folds ( axillae, groin, neck)

86

Where are common places for psoriasis ?

Elbow, knees, scalp, glans penis, intergluteal cleft.

87

Is erythema multi form rare

Yes

88

What is the atopic triad?

Dermatitis, asthma, rhinitis

89

What are treatments for psoriasis?

Methotrexate, cyclosporine, phototherapy (UBV)

90

Are warts self limiting?

Yes

91

Does most urticaria remain for a long time?

No, usually they develop and fade in a few hours

92

What kind of lesion is associated with erythema multiform ?

Targetoid

93

Urticaria is what type hypersensitivity ?

Type 1

94

Pemphius is what kind of hypersensitivity ?

type II

95

What condition affects patients with celiac disease?

Dermatitis herpetiformis

96

Bullous pemphigoid have what kind of pattern of IgG?

Linear

97

Urticaria effects people or what age and are they itchy?

20-40, yes.

98

Wheals (hives, or welts), round, red, swollen rash is associated with what?

Urticaria

99

What percent of squamous cell carcinomas metastasize to the lymph nodes

5%

100

Is impetigo painful??

No

101

What condition is a hyperplasia of melanocytes, that are small brown macules?

Solar lentigo

102

What does acute eczema look like?

Red, vesicles, oozing, crusts

103

Is a dermal abscesses a shallow or deep infection?

Deep

104

What kind of lesion is associated with erythema multiform ?

Targetoid

105

What is the second most common skin cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma

106

Auspitz sign is assocaited with what?

Psoriasis

107

A sporadic dysplastic nevus has what kind of cancer risk?

Low

108

IgE independent = ?

ADR to opiates or antibiotics

109

Blisters in pemphigus foliaceus are________?

Subcorneal

110

Acne is most common in who during adolescence? Adults?

Males. Adults-females

111

What is the mutation that causes seborrheic keratosis?

FGFR3 mutation

112

What type of erythema multiform is post infection ( HSV, Fungi) and is a more mild version?

Erythema multiforme MINOR

113

Melanomas has what kind of appearance ?

STRIKING VARIATION

114

What kind of hypersensitivity is eczema ?

Type 1 and type IV

115

What is a flesh toned lesion coated on the head or neck that is slow growing and is more a a consmetic problem than anything?

Sebaceous adenoma

116

What are the 6ps got lichen planus ?

Pruritic, purple, polygonal, planar, papules, plaque

117

A well demarcated lesion, that is pink to salmon colored covered by a flaky silver-white score is associated with what?

Psoriasis

118

What kind of eczema is from a genetic risk, that is a childhood onset and imprecise with age?

Atopic dermatitis

119

What is an autoimmune condition, of unknown antigens, t cells in the epidermis, affects 2% of the population and is itchy and life long?

Psoriasis

120

Telangiectasia and pyramidine diners are assocaited with what?

Dermatoheliosis

121

Melanoma is much more likely is someone has how may dysplastic nevi?

>or equal to 10

122

What condition is asymptotically hyper-pigmentation of the skin that has a dark "velvety" appearance?

Acanthosis nigricans

123

Dermatoheliosis is the result of what?

Uva and uvb exposure

124

What type hypersensitivity is erythema multiform?

Type IV

125

What are some different names for fungal infections?

My oasis, dermathophytosis, tinea "ring worm "

126

Acne vulgaris affects what percent of the population? Severe?

80%, severe 20%

127

Which skin condition do some consider squamous cell carcinoma in situ?

Actinic keratosis

128

Hand foot and mouth disease is an infection with what?

Coxsackievirus

129

Blisters of bullous pemphigoid are________?

Subepidermal

130

In pemphigus vulgaris blisters are________?

Suprabasil

131

What is a syndrome associated with acanthosis nigricans?

Paraneoplastic syndrome

132

What kind of acne is large, filled with edema, pus, and more likely to produce scaring?

Cystic acne

133

Where does erythema multiform attack?

Junction of the epidermis and dermis