1. Asepsis infection control Flashcards Preview

168.121 Intro to Nursing and Praxis > 1. Asepsis infection control > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Asepsis infection control Deck (15)
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1

Define INFECTION?

disease state as result of pathogens

2

Define NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION?

hospital acquired infection

3

Define MICROORGANISM?

a microscopic organism

4

Define LATROGENIC INFECTION?

infection due to medical procedure

5

Define CROSS INFECTION?

infection spread from one source to another

6

Define ERYTHEMA?

redness of skin due to capillary dilation

7

Define PATHOGEN?

disease producing microorganism

8

Define DISINFECTION?

direct exposure of chemical or physical agents to destroy pathogens or toxins

9

What are the elements required for an infection to occur?

Infectious agent
Reservoir
Portal of exit
Means of transmission
Portal of entry
Susceptible host

10

How do you break the chain of infection?

Immunisation
Hand Hygiene
Sterilisation
Disposable supplies
Dry dressings
PPE

11

Name the 4 factors that give microorganisms or parasites the potential to cause infection?

Number of microorganisms
Virulence (ability to cause disease)
Persons immune system level
Length or contact with infectious agent

12

List the four common modes of infection transmission?

Contaminated blood
Food
Water
Inanimate Objects

13

What is the concept of asepsis?

All activities to prevent infection or break the chain of infection

14

What are the 7 steps of hand hygiene?

1. wet hands & wrists
2. lather hands with soap
3. wash between fingers on top and palm to palm
4. wash 1 inch above wrist
5. wash thumbs and webbing
6. wash fingernails
7. rinse well and pat dry

15

List some situations when nurses wash their hands?

Obvious dirty hands
Entering patient zone
After touching patient
After touching patients items, furniture, linen
After leaving patients room
Before gloving
After taking gloves off