1 Cell Biology - Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Flashcards Preview

AQA Biology Paper 1 11-1A > 1 Cell Biology - Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1 Cell Biology - Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Deck (10)
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1

State a key difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Prokaryotes do not have a nucleus. Eukaryotes do.

2

State one organism that is prokaryotic.

Bacteria

3

Prokaryotes have a cell wall. True or false?

TRUE

4

Some bacteria have an extra layer on top of their cell walls. What is the name of that layer?

Slime capsule

5

Where does the genetic material of a prokaryotic cell exist?

Cytoplasm

6

What is a difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA?

Prokaryotic DNA is not bound in a membrane and can be found as circular plasmids in the cytoplasm. Eukaryotic DNA is enclosed in the nucleus.

7

What is the name of extra small DNA rings found in some prokaryotes?

Plasmid

8

What is the function of flagella?

To allow the cell to swim and move around

9

State a difference between animal cells and bacteria.

A: No cell wall, no plasmids, have nucleus. ; B: Cell wall and plasmid, no nucleus

10

What is the function of the slime capsule?

Protect the cell