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Flashcards in 1 - General Research Orientations Deck (15):
1

definitions

specify what key terms in the theory mean

2

descriptions

outline the characteristics of the phenomena of interest

3

relational statements

connect two or more variables; can be deterministic or probabilistic

4

deterministic statements

two variables always go together in a particular way

5

probabalistic statements

two variables go together with some degree of regularity, but the relationship is not inevitable

6

theories of middle range

more limited in scope, can be tested directly by gathering empirical evidence

7

grand theories

general, abstract, include theories like symbolic interactionism; offer few direct indications of how to collect evidence to test them

8

grounded theory

deriving theories from qualitative data

9

positivism

affirms importance of following the natural sciences in research and theorizing. empiricism, deduction, induction, value free

10

positivism acquiring negative connotations

early 1960s, certain researchers in positivist tradition ignored some fundamental differences between human beings and the often inanimate or not fully conscious entities studied by natural scientists

11

interpretivism

grew out of the epistemological critique of positivism, maintains that it is the role of social scientists to grasp the subjective meanings of people's actions

12

founder of symbolic interactionism

george herbert mead

13

objectivism

there is such a thing as social reality, and it is the job of social scientists to discover what that reality is

14

constructionist

there are no facts, only interpretations (Nietzsche). no objective social reality against which our conceptions and views of the world may be tested

15

soft constructionist

there may be an objective social reality, but many of our ideas do not reflect it: instead these ideas are constructed to justify or rationalize various forms of domination