Flashcards in 11 - Research Ethics Deck (14):
the first priority of a social research should be....
to ensure that the people being studied are not being harmed; the welfare of the subject should take priority over the acquisition of knowledge
Canadian research must comply with ____.
TCPS2 - Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans
Research Ethics Board
before research can begin, project must be approved by REB
-made up of researchers from a variety of disciplines and usually a community member from outside the institution; conflict of interest because REB is internal to institution
-REB can approve, request modifications, or reject a proposal
-if research is over a long period of time, REB may hold periodic reviews
-REB approval must be obtained before subjects are approached
-more difficult to get ethics approval for qualitative vs quantitative
-all about risk assessment, balance between potential gain and risk
general ethical principles
disputed, overlapping principles that are outlined by TCPS2
Respect for person, concern for welfare, justice
Respect for persons
humans should not be treated as objects or means to an end; individuals have basic human rights including the right to dignified treatment. Free, informed, and ongoing consent must be given.
deception allows access to info about terrorists, cults, white-collar criminals, etc
-deception should be used as a last resort
-deception should be used as sparingly as possible
-anyone deceived should be debriefed as soon as possible
who can give consent?
anyone competent to make a decision
the ill, incapacitated, with a language barrier, too young or old, etc, cannot give consent
-ie ability to understand and ability to actually consent is vital; limited ability persons may need an agent
Concern for welfare
respect for privacy and confidentiality
-welfare covers all aspects of well being of person, group, or community affected by research
used in order to prevent embarrassment or harm (esp to their reputations or personal relationships). Pseudonyms may not be enough, especially if it involves a smaller sample
random response method
protect researchers as well as subjects when dealing with controversial or illegal activities
-flip a coin. if tails, say "yes" not matter what. If heads, answer truthfully.
-ex: 60% "yes" - 50% tails = 10% yes
research in which subjects are not informed that they are being watched. Intrusive, non-consensual, must outweigh harm, minimize reactivity, reassure anonymity of non consenting participants
those who enter study whose social role is not central to research
consent is often not obtained
the burdens and benefits of research should be spread evenly across society
-no one should be exploited nor systematically excluded from its benefits. not possible to identify all circumstances where harm is likely (ex: Zimbardo and Stanford Prison Experiment)
-fairness in adjudications of research proposals by REB