1: Medical Math: Drug Labels(5) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1: Medical Math: Drug Labels(5) Deck (17):
0

drug nomenclature

code
chemical
non proprietary (generic)
proprietart "brand"

1

Example of drug nomenclature

Diazepam (Valium)
chemical name: 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl--2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one
non proprietary name: diazepam
Proprietary name: Valium

2

dose strength (concentration)

dosage weight or amount of the drug in a specific unit of measurement

3

dose form

solid
liquid
semisolid
other form like aerosol

4

total amount or volume

total number of tablets or other solid forms in package
total liquid volume
route of administration

5

directions for preparation of solution

example "shake well"

6

storage and use information on the label

example "refrigerate at all times" "keep in a dry place"

7

label warnings

"Potential health hazard to the patient or the person administering the drug"
"Monitor blood pressure before and during administration"
"for use in dogs only"
"Not for use in horses intended for food"
"Rx only"

8

USP (united states pharmacopeia)
NF (National formulary)

two official national lists of approved drugs in the US.
Used following the nonproprietary (generic) name of the drug (the name of the drug as it is registered in the USP or NF)

9

Describe the United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

a compendium of quality control tests for drugs and excipients to be introduced into a medicinal formulation.
Published every year by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention.
Includes methods for, amongst others, identification, assays, and purity determination of a drug substance or excipient.
Forms the basis of enforcement actions by the U.S. FDA and the U.S. DEA.
It is the official pharmacopeia of the U.S. A and many other nations.

10

expiration date

required by drug manufacturers
drug should not be used passed this date

11

controlled substances

drugs with abuse potential (considered controlled substances by law).
require special handling record keeping and storage based on Class number

12

Controlled substances are divided how?

classified into 5 classes.
Class I has the most abuse potential and class 5 has the least abuse potential.
This is written on the label as a large capital C and a Roman numeral inside it.

13

National Drug Code (NDC)

10 digit identifying number assigned by the DEA required on every prescription medication package by the Federal law.

14

lot or control number

identify a particular group of medication packages and is required by federal law

15

NADA (New Animal Drug Application)

single unique number assigned to each drug approval by the FDA

16

Name of manufacturer

maker
example: Bayer Novartiis

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