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Flashcards in 1 - Plains Indians Deck (77)
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1

Where did the original Plains Indians come from?

Northern Asia

2

What did Indian nations adapt their lifestyle to?

The environment in which they lived.

3

True or False? - The first Indians in North America settled on the Plains?

False - The Indians did not originally settle on the Plains, and instead lived in the river valleys to the east.

4

Where did the Indians originally settle?

In the river valleys in the east.

5

By what year were the Indians living on the Plains?

1840

6

Where were the Indians living in 1840?

On the Plains.

7

How many reasons are there as to why the Indians were living on the Plains by 1840?

4

8

What are the 4 reasons as to why the Indians were living on the Plains by 1840?

1. Horses
2. Diseases
3. Trade goods (guns, etc.)
4. Government

9

What is the 1st reason as to why the Indians were living on the Plains by 1840?

Horses

10

True or False? - Horses are not native to North America

True - horses are not native to North America.

11

How did horses arrive in North America?

They were brought over by Spanish invaders in the 1500s.

12

When were horses brought over to North America by Spanish invaders?

The 1500s

13

What did the Spanish invaders bring to North America in the 1500s which were a reason as to why the Indians were living on the Plains by 1840?

Horses

14

True or False? - The Spanish invaders gave horses to the Indians.

False - The Indians had to steal horses from Spanish invaders.

15

How did the Indians acquire horses?

In 1640 the Pueblo Indians of Mexico rebelled against the Spanish invaders and captured many of their horses. From that point they were bred and traded between Indian nations.

16

What did the Pueblo Indians do in 1640?

Rebelled against the Spanish invaders and captured many of their horses, which they then introduced into Indian society.

17

Which group of Indians rebelled against the Spanish invaders in 1640 and captured many of their horses, which they introduced into Indian society?

The Pueblo Indians of Mexico

18

Where were the Pueblo Indians from?

Mexico

19

In what year did the Pueblo Indians rebel against the Spanish invaders and capture their horses, which they introduced into Indian society?

1640

20

Who did the Pueblo Indians rebel against in 1640 and capture their horses, which they introduced into Indian society?

The Spanish invaders

21

What did the Pueblo Indians do after they rebelled against the Spanish invaders in 1640?

Capture their horses.

22

How did horses effect the Indians moving onto the Plains by 1840?

Horses made transport easier, and allowed them to migrate onto the Plains following the buffalo.

23

What aspect of their lifestyle were the Indians able to abandon due to the introduction of horses into their society?

Agriculture in the river valleys of the east.

24

What new aspect of their lifestyle were the Indians able to gain due to the introduction of horses into their society?

Hunting the buffalo on the Plains.

25

What were horses a method of in Indian society?

Counting wealth.

26

Fill in the gap - The more horses an Indian had had, the ______ they were.

Wealthier

The more horses an Indian had had, the wealthier they were.

27

What is the 2nd reason as to why the Indians were living on the Plains by 1840?

Diseases

28

Give 2 examples of diseases which Europeans brought to North America.

1. Smallpox
2. Cholera

29

Why were diseases brought over by Europeans disastrous for the Indians?

They had no immunity towards them.

30

How did diseases effect the Indians moving onto the Plains by 1840?

The Indians moved west onto the Plains to escape the diseases.