8 - The Cattle Industry Flashcards Preview

The American West 1840-1895 > 8 - The Cattle Industry > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8 - The Cattle Industry Deck (166)
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1

True or False? - Cattle are not native to North America.

True - Cattle were brought over to North America by the European settlers.

2

Who brought cattle over to North America?

European settlers

3

In the 1850s, where was the major centre of cattle ranching in the US?

Southern Texas

4

What is the significance of southern Texas in the 1850s in the world of the cattle industry?

It was the centre of ranching and where the industry began,.

5

What breed of cattle was bred in southern Texas in the 1850s?

Texas longhorn

6

The original Spanish imports of cattle developed into what?

The Texas longhorns

7

What did the Texas longhorns develop from?

The original Spanish imports of cattle which they had brought over from Europe when they settled in North America.

8

What was the drawback of the Texas longhorn?

Their poor quality of meat.

9

True or False? - The Texas longhorn was a poor quality of meat.

True - This was one of their major drawbacks.

10

When did beef become a popular food?

The 1850s

11

Which side did Texas fight in during the American Civil War (1861-1865)?

The Confederacy

12

True or False? - Texas was on the winning side of the American Civil War.

False - Texas was on the side of the Confederacy (southern states) who lost the American Civil War to the Union (the northern states).

13

How did the American Civil War (1861-1865) affect the cattle industry?

Texans returned home to find their number of cattle had increased dramatically.

14

True or False? - The Homesteaders permitted for the Texans to drive their cattle through their land in order to reach the markets in the East.

False - The Homesteaders did not permit the Texans to pass through their land as their Texas longhorn cattle carried a disease called Texas fever which infected the Homesteader's cattle, killing them. The Homesteaders would turn the Texans back.

15

Why did the Homesteaders turn the Texan ranchers back on their cattle drives?

Their Texan longhorns carried a disease called Texas fever which infected and killed the Homesteader cattle.

16

What disease did the Texas longhorn cattle carry?

Texas fever

17

Which breed of cattle carried the disease Texas fever?

Texas longhorns

18

How did Texas fever spread?

Through ticks carried by the Texas longhorns.

19

Why did the Texan ranchers need to drive their cattle through Homesteader land?

They needed to reach the cattle markets in the East.

20

In 1866, where did Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving drive their herd of cattle to?

Fort Summer, New Mexico

21

Who drove their cattle to Fort Summer, New Mexico, in 1866?

Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving

22

In what year did Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving drive their cattle to Fort Summer in New Mexico?

1866

23

Who accompanied Oliver Loving as he drove his herd of cattle to Fort Summer, New Mexico, in 1866?

Charles Goodnight

24

Who accompanied Charles Goodnight as he drove his herd of cattle to Fort Summer, New Mexico, in 1866?

Oliver Loving

25

Who did Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving sell their cattle to at Fort Summer, New Mexico, when they drove their herd there in 1866?

The US army in their forts and the Indians on their reservations.

26

What was the name of the trail from Texas to Fort Summer in New Mexico developed by Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving in 1866?

The Goodnight-Loving Trail

27

Who developed the Goodnight-Loving Trail in 1866?

Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving

28

When was the Goodnight-Loving Trail developed?

1866

29

Where did the Goodnight-Loving Trail go to and from?

Texas to Fort Summer, New Mexico

30

Why was the Goodnight-Loving Trail important?

It allowed the cattle industry to survive as they were unable to reach the cattle markets in the East, as the Homesteaders blocked the Texan cattle ranchers from crossing their land in fear that their Texas longhorns would pass on Texas fever to their cattle, which would kill them.