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Flashcards in 7 - The Homesteaders Deck (90)
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1

When was the Homestead Act passed?

1862

2

What act did the US government pass in 1862?

The Homestead Act 1862

3

What did the Homestead Act 1862 do?

Encouraged people to settle on the Plains by giving them 160 acres of free land providing they lived and farmed on it for 5 years.

4

How many acres of land did the Homestead Act 1862 grant?

160 acres

5

Under the Homestead Act 1862, how many years must you have lived on your 160 acres of land for in order to claim ownership rights to it?

5 years

6

When was the Timber Culture Act passed?

1873

7

What act did the US government pass in 1873?

Timber Culture Act 1873

8

What did the Timber Culture Act 1873 do?

Encouraged people to settle on the Plains by giving them 320 acres of free land providing they planted 40 acres of it with trees.

9

How many acres of land did the Timber Culture Act 1873 grant?

320 acres

10

Under the Timber Culture Act 1873, how many acres of your 320 acres of land must have been planted with trees in order to claim ownership rights to it?

40 acres

11

What were the 3 factors as to why the Homesteaders settled on the Plains?

1. The actions of the US government
2. The end of the American Civil War
3. The construction of the transcontinental railroads

12

What was the 1st factor as to why the Homesteaders settled on the Plains?

The actions of the US government

13

When was the Desert Land Act passed?

1877

14

What act did the US government pass in 1877?

The Desert Land Act 1877

15

What did the Desert Land Act 1877 do?

Encouraged people to settle on the Plains by giving them 640 acres of free land in an area where a lack of rainfall was a particular problem.

16

How many acres of land did the Desert Land Act 1877 grant?

640 acres

17

Under the Desert Land Act 1877, where must your 640 acres of land have been in order to claim ownership rights to it?

In an area where a lack of rainfall was a particular problem.

18

What 3 acts did the US government pass in an attempt to make make millions of acres of free land on the Plains available for Homesteaders to settle upon?

1. The Homestead Act 1862
2. The Timber Culture Act 1873
3. The Desert Land Act 1877

19

How many acts did the US government pass in an attempt to make millions of acres of free land on the Plains available for Homesteaders to settle upon.

3

20

What was the aim of the US government in passing 3 acts in 1862, 1873 and 1877?

To make millions of acres of free land on the Plains available for Homesteaders to settle upon.

21

What was the 2nd factor as to why the Homesteaders settled on the Plains?

The end of the American Civil War.

22

When was the American Civil War?

1861 to 1865

23

When did the American Civil War begin?

1861

24

When did the American Civil War end?

1865

25

What were the 2 sides in the American Civil War?

1. The Confederacy
2. The Union

26

Which part of the US did the Confederacy occupy?

The south

27

Was the Confederacy supportive of the abolition of slavery?

No

28

Which part of the US did the Union occupy?

The north

29

Was the Union supportive of the abolition of slavery?

Yes

30

What was the American Civil War caused by?

Disagreements regarding the abolition of slavery, including whether it should be permitted in new states in the West.