# 1 Project Assessment, Programming, Planning Flashcards

1
Q

What does the ICC stand for?

A

International Code Council

2
Q

What is the ADA

A

A national federal law (not a code or standard) that regulates removal of barriers for the physically disabled

3
Q

ADA vs ICC A117.1

A

ADA is based on A117.1 but is not a code or standard. Designers must adhere to the ADA when designing facilities covered by the law

4
Q

What is a model code?

A

a code that has been written by a group comprised of experts knowledgeable in the field w/o reference to any particular geographical area

5
Q

What is the IBC

A

Primary model code

produced by ICC

6
Q

What is ANSI

A

American National Standards Institute

standards approving group

7
Q

What is ASTM?

A

organization that publishes thousands of test procedures that show how the test must be done

8
Q

What is BOMA

A

Building Owners and Managers Association

produces standards detailing common methods of measuring spaces

9
Q

ANSI BOMA Z65.1 - Legacy Method

A

may result in different load factors for each floor

uses separate R/U ratio (rentable area divided by usable area) for each floor

10
Q

ANSI BOMA Z65.1 - Single Load Factor Method

A

uses same load factor for all floors

uses R/O ratio (net floor area divided by usable area) instead of the R/U ratio

11
Q

What is an efficiency factor?

A

a mathematical ratio of one area to another

takes into account the required circulation per tenant and non-usable area required for partitions, columns etc.

12
Q

Efficiency factors of different spaces

A
```office - 0.75
retail - 0.75
bank - 0.70
restaurant - 0.70
hotel - 0.70
public library - 0.77
school - 0.60
apartment - 0.66
hospital - 0.54```
13
Q

What is rentable area?

A

tenants occupant area x load factor

to account for the shared portions of building

14
Q

ANSI BOMA Z65.1 - partial floor

A

When office lease space only occupies a portion of a floor
if glass is >50% of wall area, occ. area is measured from inside of glass surface of exterior walls to finished inside surface of tenant side of corridor and from centerlines of demising walls
if glass is <50% of wall area, space is measured to inside surface of exterior wall
columns, recessed entries, and structural projections are ignored

15
Q

ANSI BOMA Z65.1 - full floor

A

tenant area includes all space taken by the base building circulation, as well as elevator lobby

16
Q

What is base building circulation

A

the minimum path on a multi-occupant floor necessary for access to and egress from occupant areas, elevators, stairs, restrooms, janitors closets, and similar areas

17
Q

What are the two methods ANSI BOMA Z65.1 uses to determine rentable area?

A

The Legacy Method

18
Q

4 energy categories that ID can reduce energy consumption

A

building commissioning, mechanical systems, electricity use, plumbing

19
Q

What is building commissioning?

A

process of inspecting, testing, starting up, and adjusting building systems and then verifying and documenting that they are operating as intended and meet the design criteria of the contract docs

20
Q

Ways ID can reduce energy with mechanical systems

A

design tenants HVAC system to conform to most stringent energy code
do not use mechanical system components for tenant spaces that include CFC-Refrigerants (mandatory for LEED)
Use displacement ventilation if possible (supply is at floor level)

21
Q

Actions ID can take to reduce energy with electricity

A

reduce power required for lighting (task/ambient systems/daylight)
spec auto lighting controls
have elec engineer set up nonemergency lighting on timer for nonbusiness hours
specify daylight responsive controls
spec energy efficient appliances
spec sub metering equip. to measure and record energy uses within a space

22
Q

Actions ID can take to reduce energy with plumbing

A

spec low flow fixtures

23
Q

What are some indoor air contaminants?

A
```Chemical:
VOCs
Inorganic Chemicals
Tobacco smoke
Biological:
Mold
pollen
bacteria
viruses```
24
Q

What three conditions are required for mold to grow?

A

moisture, a nutrient, and a temp from 40-100 degrees

25
Q

Causes of poor indoor air quality

A
1. chemical contaminants from indoor sources
2. chemical contaminants from outdoor sources
3. biological contaminants
4. poor ventilation
26
Q

Symptoms of poor indoor air quality

A

sick building syndrome
building-related illness
multiple chemical sensitivities

27
Q

What is sick building syndrome

A

a condition in which building occupants experience a variety of health related symptoms that cannot be directly linked to any particular cause

28
Q

What is Building related illness

A

a condition in which the health related symptom of a buildings occupants are identified and can be directly attributed to certain building contaminants

29
Q

What is multiple chemical sensitivity

A

a condition brought on by exposure to VOCs or other chemicals

30
Q

Strategies for maintaining good IAQ

A

Eliminate or reduce source of pollution
control ventilation
establish good maintenance
control occupant activity

31
Q

What is adaptive reuse?

A

begins with reusing as much of the existing building stock as possible instead of constructing new buildings

32
Q

Renewable Materials

A

Includes products typically made from plants that are harvested within a cycle of 10 years or less
Can get LEED credit for using rapidly renewable building materials and products for 5% of the total value of all building materials

33
Q

When are existing conditions determined?

A

during the field survey and site analysis

recorded on plans, elevations and other sketches as necessary

34
Q

Aspects of existing conditions that influence the space plan of an interior designer

A
```relationship to surrounding areas
size of existing space
views
special features
structural considerations
plumbing```
35
Q

Hazardous materials

A
```Asbestos
Vermiculite
polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)```
36
Q

Seismic Design

A

diagonal steel bracing is used in place of concrete walls for lateral seismic support

37
Q

ID elements that may need detailed to resist earthquake forces include

A

partitions tied to ceilings
suspended ceilings, HVAC, lights, sprinklers, furniture
access floors

38
Q

What aspects of accessibility should be evaluated during existing conditions analysis?

A

surfaces of accessible routes (thresholds, level changes)
details of toilet room design (grab bars, faucets)
drinking fountain mounting
bathtub and shower design
details of stair design (treads, risers, handrails)
protruding objects
reach ranges
detectable warnings, if needed
locations and design of visual and audio alarms
public phone access and mounting height
amount of seating

39
Q

Space Organization layouts

A
```linear organization
grid system
axial organization
central organization
40
Q

Space circulation patterns

A

candidate must demonstrate ability to allocate space efficiently, use circulation to maintain adjacencies, and. provide the required arrangement and widths to satisfy barrier-free and building code egress requirements

1. dumbbell layout (along straight path)
2. doughnut configuration (making complete loop)
3. radial layout (paths extending from main space)
41
Q

Space Planning design considerations

A

Public vs Private
Enclosed vs open
sustainability

42
Q

Social and Cultural beliefs that often influence interior design

A
```Political conditions
Economical conditions
Cultural attitudes
Symbolism
regionalism```
43
Q

Initial Budget of a project

A

in most cases, client has already set a budget
sometimes budgets are set through public funding or legislation
sometimes the client describes the extent of the work and asks the designer to anticipate the budget

44
Q

What are some programming analysis tools?

A
```Spreadsheets
Site Photographs
Matrices
Bubble Diagrams
Graphs
Behavioral based analytics```
45
Q

Five steps of programming

A
```establishing goals
collecting and analyzing facts
uncovering and testing concepts
determining needs
stating the problem```
46
Q

Establishing goals

A

goals indicate what the client wants to achieve and why

they establish the directions of programmatic concepts

47
Q

Four major considerations during programming

A

form (existing conditions)
function (people using space, activities)
economy (money, budget)
time (past, present, future)

48
Q

Human factors

A

involves the correctness of fit between objects and spaces and the needs of the people using those objects and spaces

49
Q

Anthropometrics

A

measurement of the size, proportions, and range of motion of the human body

50
Q

Ergonomics

A

the study of the relation between human physiology and the physical environment

51
Q

Proxemics

A

interrelated observations and theories about how people use space as specialized elaboration of culture.
Deals with the issues of spacing between people, territoriality, organization of space, and positioning of people in space, all relative to their culture.

52
Q

Maslows hierarchy of needs

A

physiological - food, water, minimal bodily comforts
safety - need for protection, avoidance of personal harm
belonging and love - membership in a group, acceptance and love

53
Q

Seating arrangements

A

intimate - across corner or next to
formal - across from each other
avoidance - diagonal
round tables foster more cooperation

54
Q

Four distances (proxemics)

A

Intimate - 0-18”
Personal - 18” - 4’
Social - 4’ - 12’
Public - 12’ +

55
Q

Four methods of collecting information required to complete a program

A

Client interview
Questionnaires
Observation
Field Surveys

56
Q

Gestalt Psychology

A
```Grouping
Closure
Continuity
Simplicity
Figure Ground
Negative Space```
57
Q

3 types of adjacency needs

A

people
products
information

58
Q

A

matrix
bubble diagram
stacking diagram - shows locations of major spaces or depth when a project occupies more than one floor
block diagram - combines the bubble diagram and relative areas

59
Q

What should the final programming include?

A

Statement of goals and objectives
List of client requirements
List of spaces and square footages

60
Q

Flammability

A

the likelihood that a material will combust

for most materials, flammability is rated in terms of flame spread, smoke developed, and fuel contributed

61
Q

What is the most common test for flame spread and smoke?

A

Steiner tunnel test, ASTM E84

62
Q

Toxicity

A

Materials should be selected that emit few or no harmful gases

63
Q

Slip resistance

A

ability of a flooring material to help prevent accidental slipping
commonly measured with COF (coefficient of friction)

64
Q

Minimum clear width for an accessible route

A

36” continuously

32” at passage point no longer than 24”

65
Q

Minimum passage width for two wheelchairs

A

60”

if width is not provided then a 60x60 area must be provided at intervals not to exceed 200’

66
Q

Minimum opening width

A

32”

67
Q

Minimum clearance between doors in a series

A

48”

walls no closer than 18” to door swing

68
Q

T shaped space for 180 degree turns (wheelchair)

A

36” width on all three sides

69
Q

door clearance: front approach, pull side

A

latch: 18”
hinge: 0”
clear: 60”

70
Q

door clearance: front approach, push side

A

latch: 12”
hinge: 0”
clear: 48”

71
Q

door clearance: hinge approach, pull side

A

latch: 36” - 42”
hinge: 0”
clear: 60” - 54”

72
Q

door clearance: hinge approach, push side

A

latch: 0”
width: 54”
clear: 42” (48” if closer and latch)

73
Q

door clearance: latch approach, pull side

A

latch: 24”
hinge: 0”
clear: 48” (54” if closer)

74
Q

door clearance: latch approach, push side

A

latch: 24”
hinge: 0”
clear: 42” (48” if closer)

75
Q

Which type of insurance protects an interior designer from charges of slander, libel, defamation of character, misrepresentation and other torts or civil wrongs that cause injury to another person?

A

personal injury protection insurance

76
Q

What is a Tenant Work Letter?

A

an agreement between the landlord and tenant that details the initial tenant improvements (TI) to be built

77
Q

What is monitoring?

A

Monitoring is keeping track of the progress of the job to see if the planned aspects of time, fee and quality are being accomplished. The original fee projections can be monitored by comparing weekly time sheets with the original estimate.

78
Q

When two or more firms agree, on a temporary basis, to share in the responsibilities, losses, and profits of a particular project opportunity, they have elected to create what arrangement?

A

A Joint Venture company.

79
Q

What are some aspects of a sole proprietorship?

A

difficult to raise capital and establish credit
owned by an individual and operates under either their name or a company name
one of the simplest types of businesses to set up

80
Q

What is the intended purpose of an indemnification clause in a contract?

A

to hold harmless both the owner and interior designer for any damages, claims or losses resulting from the performance of any work on the project, whether by the contractor or others with whom the interior designer has no contractual relationship