Quiz 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

Comparative Anatomy > Quiz 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 1 & 2 Deck (31)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Bones of the thoracic limb

A

Scapula
Humerus
Ulna
Radius

2
Q

Suture joint

A

Fibrous joint
Synarthroses (immovable)
Description: interlocking seams

3
Q

Gomphosis joint

A

Fibrous joint
Synarthrosis (immovable)
Description: peg-and-socket joint

4
Q

Synchondrosis joint

A

Cartilaginous joint
Synarthrosis (immovable)
Description: hyaline cartilage joint

5
Q

Syndesmosis joint

A

Fibrous joint
Amphiarthrosis (slightly movable)
Description: ligament or interosseous membrane

6
Q

Symphysis joint

A

Cartilaginous
Amphiarthrosis (slightly movable)
Description: fibrocartilage act as compressible cushion

7
Q

Gliding joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: two sliding surfaces

8
Q

Hinge joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: concave surface with convex surface

9
Q

Pivot joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: rounded end fits into ring of bone & ligament

10
Q

Condyloid joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: oval condyle with oval cavity

11
Q

Saddle joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: each surface is both concave and convex

12
Q

Ball-and-socket joint

A

Synovial joint
Diarthrosis (freely movable)
Description: ball-shaped head with cup-shaped socket

13
Q

Areolar tissue

A

Loose connective tissue that contains fat

14
Q

Superficial fascia

A

Deep to areolar tissue, connective tissue enveloping, separating, or binding together muscles, organs, & other soft structures of the body

15
Q

Deep fascia

A

Firmly attached to the muscle that it encloses

16
Q

Adipose tissue

A

Used for cushioning, thermal, insulation, energy storage

Fat

17
Q

Dense connective tissue

A

Forms strong, rope-like structures such as tendons & ligaments.

18
Q

Tendons

A

Type of deep connective tissue

Attach skeletal muscles to bones

19
Q

Ligaments

A

Type of deep connective tissue

Attach bones to bones at joints

20
Q

Extrinsic muscles

A

Have one attachment on the limb & one attachment on the main body.
Actions depend on weight distribution
The limb moves relative to the body (vice versa)

21
Q

Intrinsic muscles

A

Attachments are all on the limb

22
Q

Pelvic girdle (pelvis)

A
Consist of two hip bones united at symphysis pelvis midventrally & join sacrum dorsally
Parts:
Ilium
Ischium
Pubis
23
Q

What are the organs protected by the pelvic girdle?

A
Uterus
Bladder
Rectum
Small intestine
Reproductive organs
24
Q

Bones of the pelvic limb

A

Pelvic girdle
Femur
Tibia
Fibula

25
Q

Femur

A

Large bone with a cylindrical body

26
Q

Tibia

A

Also called the shin bone

Articulates with the distal end of femur

27
Q

Head of the fibula

A

Articulates with lateral condyle of tibia

28
Q

Subtendinous synovial bursa

A

Between the tendon of infraspinatus insertion & greater tubercle of humerus

29
Q

Flexor retinaculum

A

Thick layer of fibrous tissue on the palmar side of the carpus
Holds tendons of all three heads of deep digital flexor in place
On top of carpal canal

30
Q

Carpal canal

A

Holds deep digital flexor tendon

31
Q

Femoral triangle

A

The shallow triangular space through which the femoral artery & vein run to/from the pelvic limb