11. Which Is which? (detrás, to become, look) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11. Which Is which? (detrás, to become, look) Deck (54):
1

___ is just like detrás and can be discarded for the moment.

trás

2

Usually: detrás de or atrás de?

use detrás de and you'll usually be right.

3

In reference to someone coming up behind or after someone else:

"in pursuit of"

"back there somewhere"; or "later"

detrás de

atrás de

4

Where's your Mom?

"viene atrás de mi"

she's coming behind me (later).

5

Where's your Mom?

"viene datrás de mi"

she's coming after me (in hot pursuit)

6

____ suggests a spacial relationship, or one thing being behind another, or one thing blocking another.

detrás

7

___ is vague, meaning 'in back', 'back there somewhere,' or 'behind' (the speaker)

atrás

8

Hay una montaña detrás de tu casa. But if someone inside your house asks where it is, you say:

alla atrás

9

When you don't need 'de', use: atrás or detrás?

atrás (meaning as an adverb)

10

detrás or atrás covers backward motion?

atrás

11

va hacia atrás/detrás

va para atrás/detrás

atrás

12

He's backing out.

Se está echando para atrás.

13

Don't look back.

No mires atrás.

14

'back' in the sense of 'returned': ____ or _____

de regreso; de vuelta (both are used with estar)

15

He's back now after his trip.

Él está de vuelta/regreso después de su viaje. (of course volver and regresar convey the same thing: instead of estar + vuelta de).

16

"back" of the bus/theatre/etc.

el fondo

17

'bottom' of a glass/swimming pool/etc.

el fondo

18

'to the back' 'all the way to the back'

al fondo

19

'in the back' vs 'at the very back'

atrás vs. al fondo

20

'all the way back on your right'

al fondo a la derecha

21

As a rule, ____ is the handiest word for 'to become'

ponerse

22

____ in general, is for fleeting states of mind or conditions.

ponerse

23

'to get/become furious'

ponerse furioso

24

'to get/become old'

ponerse viejo

25

'to get/become nervous'

ponserse nervioso

26

For longer term, usually nonreversable conditions, ____ is the verb you usually want.

hacerse

27

I became/got rich.

Me hice rico.

28

The penny is becoming useless.

El penique está haciendo inútil.

29

The new dance is becoming popular.

El nuevo baile está haciendo popular.

30

____ viejo suggests 'becoming an old person' or 'becoming elderly. ___ viejo suggests 'starting to feel/look old.'

hacerse; ponerse

31

'to turn into'

volverse; it involves a more sudden and unexpected change than hacerse, but both convey a more or less lasting new state.

32

He's become a real nuisance.

Se ha vuelto una verdadura molestia.

33

'Se volvió rico'

he got rich (with the impression of overnight wealth- like winning the lottery, there is a hint that the wealth was not deserved)

34

"to go crazy"

volverse loco

35

"turned into" - a more thoroughgoing, physical change. 2 words:

transformarse; convertirse

36

The water becomes steam.

El agua se transforma en vapor. (also could be convertirse)

37

Clark Kent turns into (becomes) vapor.

Clark Kent se convierte en superman. (or transformarse)

38

He's become a good writer. (figurative expression)

Se ha convertido en un buen escritor. (or transformarse)

39

'to turn out to be'

llegar a ser

40

The formula turned out to be useful.

La fórmula llegó a ser útil.

41

___ __ ___ also covers the phrase 'to become' in the sense of 'worked his way up to'

llegar a ser

42

After a lot of hard work, he became a doctor.

Después de muchos esfuerzos, él llegó a ser médico. (in many cases, an easier construction can be made with resultar)

43

This book turned out to be interesting. (resultar)

Este libro resultó ser interesante.

44

'to get/become hot'

acolarse

45

'to get/become sad'

entristecerse

46

'to get/become cold'

enfriarse

47

'to get/become close'

acercarse

48

'to get/become wet'

mojarse

49

'to get/become tired'

cansarse

50

You look good.

Te ves bien.

51

It looks horrible.

Se ve horrible.

52

How do I look?

¿Cómo me veo?

53

That man looks like my father.

Ese hombre se parece a mi padre.

54

It looks like (as if it's going to) rain.

Parece que va a llover.