11.15 signal Transduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11.15 signal Transduction Deck (15):
1

Hormones
Morphogens
Neurotransmitters
Signals that cells send out to (environment/other cells)

other cells

2

Pheromones
Sex pheromones (mating between organisms of the same species)
Signals that cells send out to (environment/other cells)

environment

3

1.Contact-dependent
2.Paracrine
3.Synaptic
4.Endocrine
-development or immune response

contact dependent

4

1.Contact-dependent
2.Paracrine
3.Synaptic
4.Endocrine
-neighboring cells

paracrine

5

specific target
1.Contact-dependent
2.Paracrine
3.Synaptic
4.Endocrine

synaptic

6

1.Contact-dependent
2.Paracrine
3.Synaptic
4.Endocrine
-whole organism, hormones

endocrine

7

1. endocrine
2. synaptic
-hormones are directly attached to target cell

synaptic

8

which one has a membrane bound signal molecule
1.Contact-dependent
2.Paracrine
3.Synaptic
4.Endocrine

contact dependent

9

What are the 4 signals a cell can give?

-survive
-divide
-differentiate
-die

10

acetylcholine affect what body parts?

-heart, skeletal, salivary

11

Signal molecules depends on what two things

size and polarity

12

Acytel choline is mediated by what two things?

nitric oxide synthase

13

what does acytel choline do to smooth muscle?

relaxes it

14

Nitric oxide synthase is in what cells?

-macrophages
-endothelial cells
-nerve cells

15

NO can signal independent of (cGMP/cAMP)

cGMP