112 Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Defense Fundamentals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 112 Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Defense Fundamentals Deck (75)
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1

Chemical Sign for CBRNE

The word GAS with Yellow background with red lettering

2

Biological Sign for CBRNE

The word BIO with Blue background and red lettering

3

Radiological Sign for CBRNE

The word ATOM with White background with black lettering

4

Chemical Minefield for CBRNE

The words GAS MINES with Red background and yellow lettering and stripe

5

Purpose of M40 field protective mask

To protect the wearer from field concentrations of chemical and biological agents.

6

What does the M40 mask consist of?

Face Piece
A Filter Canister
Dual Voicemitter Assemblies
Inlet and Outlet Valves
Water Drinking System

7

How many CBRNE alarms are there?

3

8

What are the three CBRNE alarms?

Vocal: GAS-GAS-GAS (SAY 3 TIMES)

Visual: Arms are extended straight out to the side and the hands made into a fist. As the word GAS is said, bend the arms at the elbows so the fists are placed by the ears. (REPEAT THREE TIMES)

Percussion: Metal on Metal. (sirens, horns and alarm may be used outlined by units operating procedures.)

9

MOPP Ready means?

When a Marine/Sailor carries his/her mask

10

MOPP level 0

Marine has all if his/her MOPP gear available but is not wearing it

11

MOPP level 1

Over garment- Worn Opened or Closed
Booties- Carried
Mask- Carried
Gloves- Carried

12

MOPP level 2

Over garment- Worn Opened or Closed
Booties- Worn
Mask- Carried
Gloves- Carried

13

MOPP level 3

Over garment- Worn Opened or Closed
Booties- Worn
Mask- Worn with hood open of closed
Gloves- Carried

14

MOPP level 4

Over garment- Worn
Booties- Worn
Mask- Worn
Gloves- Worn

15

How long does it take the M256A1 to detect an agent?

15 minutes

16

What is M9 detector paper?

It detects the presence of chemical agents but not identify the agent. It is worn around the ankles, wrists and biceps.

17

What color/s will appear when the M9 paper gets contaminated?

Light Pink to Reddish brown or violent tint

18

What is M8 detector paper used for?

Used primarily on suspected liquid forms such as puddles, small drops, or barely visible droplets.

19

Do you blot or rub the M8 paper on a suspected contamination?

Blot

20

Nerve on M8 Paper is what series and color?

G- Yellow/Gold
V- Dark Green

21

Blister on M8 Paper is what series and color?

H- Pink/Red

22

Describe Immediate Decon

Minimizes Casualties, Save Lives, and limits spread of contamination.
Three Immediate Techniques: Skin Decon, Personnel Wipe Down, and Operator's Spray Down

23

Describe Operational Decon

Sustains operations, reduces the contact hazard, and limits spread of contamination to eliminate the necessity or reduce the duration of wearing MOPP gear.
Two Operational Techniques: Vehicle wash down and MOPP gear exchange

24

Describe Thorough Decon

Reduces or eliminates the need for individual protective clothing.
Three Thorough Techniques: Detailed troop decon, detailed equipment decon, and detailed aircraft decon

25

Nerve Agents work how?

Interfere with normal transmission of the nerve impulses in the parasympathetic nervous system

26

What are the physical characteristics of a nerve agent?

Odorless, almost colorless liquids, varying in thickness and readily able to vaporize

27

Signs and Symptoms if exposed to nerve vapor

Pupils will constrict (pinpoint)
Local muscular twitching where agent was absorbed
Runny nose, difficult breathing, diarrhea, vomiting, convulsions, drowsiness, coma and unconsciousness

28

Treatment of Nerve Agent

Three 2mg auto-injectors of Atropine
Three 600mg auto-injectors of 2-PAM CI

29

For medical personnel what is the required therapy for Nerve agents?

Continue to administer atropine for 15 minute until mild atropinization occurs. This is noted by tachycardia and dry mouth.

30

Blister Agents work how?

Primary action on the skin, producing large and painful blisters that are incapacitating.