# MODULE 2 - Project Assessment and Code Flashcards

1
Q

What are square footage standards?

A

about functional spatial requirements and measuring spaces to calculate rent or code compliance

2
Q

Space requirements are determined by:

A

Functional needs per area
Size of an object
Activity planned in the space
Building code requirements

3
Q

Is BOMA considered a standard or a code?

A

standards

4
Q

What is IFMA

A

International Facility Management Association

produces standards that give methods for measuring space

5
Q

What is gross, rentable and usable area?

A

Gross is the construction area. the floor area within the buildings exterior face, including ext. wall thickness

Rentable (RSF) - floor area that the tenant pays rent on. interior floor area including vertical penetrations, structural elements and ext. wall thickness.

Usable Area(USF) - floor area used by a tenant. Actual space taken up by furniture and people. excludes building core and common areas

6
Q

What is the space required for the function in the space or the program area called?

A

Net Area

7
Q

What are the two types of circulation areas?

A

Primary - main route connecting the building core and common spaces
Secondary - private circulation area that connects to the primary circulation areas and public corridors

8
Q

What is the formula for Circulation area?

A

Circulation area = NSF x (Circulation Multiplier - 1)

9
Q

What is the circulation multiplier and what is its formula?

A

determines the total usable area required.

NSF/Circulation area (calculated from plan)

10
Q

What is the formula for Usable Area?

A

USF = NSF x Circulation Multiplier

USF = NSF x Circulation Area

11
Q

What is occupant area?

A

the total portion of a building being “actively used by a tenant”.

it is the NSF + circulation and columns etc.

12
Q

The occupant area is always _____ than the net programmable area

A

more

13
Q

What is the rentable area formula?

A

RSF = USF + prorated share of building common areas

14
Q

What is the gross area formula?

A

GSF = RSF + Vertical Penetrations and Building Exterior Walls

15
Q

What are net to gross ratios?

A

the means to look at the efficiency of a building and its floor plate.

determined by NSF/efficiency factor

16
Q

What is an efficiency factor?

A

used to calculate the gross area to include circulation and non-usable areas.

ratio of net area to total occupant area

17
Q

What is incidental Space?

A

the project area not occupied by the client, like closets, structural columns, and walls

18
Q

What is the building service area?

A

provides necessary services or circulation for normal operation
includes main and auxiliary lobbies, building access and egress, mech rooms, elec rooms, security rooms, public restrooms

19
Q

What is Floor Service Area?

A

provides services or circulation required for the normal operation of the building

includes restrooms, janitors, electrical, phone rooms, mechanical closets

20
Q

What is Building Amenity Area?

A

shared among tenants and includes shared conference rooms, food service facilities, health or fitness centers, daycare facilities

21
Q

BOMA Calculation Methods

A

A - legacy
-different load factors for each floor
-proportionally allocates shared service and amenity areas to building occs by using multiple load factors

- uses Net Area/Usable Area (R/O)

22
Q

In calculating lease area for a tenant space occupying only a portion of a floor, measurements are taken to the
A. centerlines of walls separating tenants, and to the centerline of the exterior wall
B. centerlines of walls separating tenants, and to the inside finish face of the partition separating the tenant space from the public corridor
C. inside finish faces of the tenant sides of all demising walls
D. inside finish faces of walls separating tenants, and to the centerline of the public corridor wall

A

B.

23
Q

What is the efficiency factor of a single leased space?
A. the ratio of the net area or net assignable area to the usable area
B. the amount of floor area needed by one person to function in the space
C. the space required to accommodate the tenant’s specific functions
D. the rentable area divided by the useable area

A

A.

24
Q

The initial determination of area required for a client’s program gives the
A. usable area
B. rentable area
C. gross area
D. net area

A

D

Area is based on the actual space that a client needs to perform a function. This is the net area or the net assignable area.

25
Q

What to do about occupancy if a room or space will be occupied at different times for different purposes

A

it shall comply with all of the requirements for both purposes

26
Q

How is a space classified when it is used for assembly purposes, and it has an occupant load of <50 and is an accessory to another occupancy? Or is less than 750 sf and an accessory to another occupancy

A

It is classified as group B or as part of the bigger occupancy it is attached to

27
Q

What spaces fall under Assembly Group A-2

A

uses for food/drink consumption
banquet halls
casinos
night clubs
restaurants
cafeterias
dining facilities
commercial kitchens
taverns
bars

28
Q

What spaces fall under Assembly Group A-3

A

spaces for worship
recreation
amusement
other assembly not classified elsewhere

29
Q

What spaces fall under Business Group B

A

building or structure used for office, professional, or service-type transactions, including storage of records and accounts

30
Q

What spaces fall under Institutional Group I

A

spaces for people under care or supervision who are not capable of self preservation (hospital, jail, care)

31
Q

What spaces fall under Mercantile Group M

A

anything that sells something (stores, gas stations etc.)

32
Q

What spaces fall under Residential Group R-1

A

sleeping units where occupants are visiting
(hotels, motels)

33
Q

What spaces fall under Residential Group R-2

A

Sleeping units in more than 2 dwelling units where occupants are primarily permanent (apartments, condos, dorms, vacation timeshare)

34
Q

What spaces fall under Residential Group R-3

A

buildings where occupants are permanent but dont fit into R-1, R-2 or R-4.
includes buildings that dont contain 2 or more dwelling units, care facilities for 5 or less, daycares

35
Q

What spaces fall under Residential Group R-4

A

buildings for 5-16 people in supervised environment (drug treatment facility, assisted living group home, residential board and care facility)

36
Q

What is the main difference between zoning and building regulations?

A

Zoning Ordinance = Land Use
Building Code = Structure (aka the “building”)

37
Q

Which of the following buildings/occupancy classification is NOT correct?
A. Long Term Care Facility (Residential)
B. Theatre (Assembly)
C. Walmart ( Mercantile)
D. Hotel (Residential)

A

A

Would be Group I

38
Q

Your new client is considering leasing the top two floors of a converted office building for their marketing agency, approximately 24,000 square feet. There is a large centrally located staircase between the floors.
What are the most important items you need to review in order to determine if the space will work for their needs?
A. location of elevators, structural elements, number of employees
B. access to elevators, window placement, usable area, location of structural elements
C. location of structural elements, usable area, number of employees
D. window placement, structural elements, location of plumbing, number of employees

A

A.

Because the space is commercial, it needs to be accessible with elevators.

39
Q

The minimum number of toilet fixtures required for an interior design remodeling is determined by occupant load and:
A. Building Type
B. Occupancy Group
C. Square Footage
D. Accessibility Requirements

A

B.

40
Q

Which two factors most typically determine whether a room must have at least two exits?
A. exit width factor and occupancy
B. occupancy and travel distance
D. travel distance and occupant load

A

C.

41
Q

What organization develops standards related to the commercial furniture industry?
A. OSHA
B. BIFMA
C. ANSI
D. ICC

A

B

Many of the standards for commercial office furniture have been promoted by the Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA). The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has approved these standards.

42
Q

In regards to means of egress, the travel distance is?
A. the measurement of the distance between the most remote occupiable point of an area or room to the entrance of the nearest exit that serves it. It is part of the exit access and measured in a straight line along the path of egress travel
B. the distance between two exits within a space
C. a fully enclosed portion of an exit that is only used as a means of egress and provides for a protected path of egress either in a vertical or horizontal direction
D. the distance traveled to reach a fire rated area of refuge

A

A.

43
Q

Glazing in fire rated partitions, doors or sidelights may not exceed how many sq in/cm²?
A. 225 sq in
B. 100 sq in
C. 150 sq in
D. 240 sq in

A

B

Glazing in fire rated partitions, doors or sidelights rated up to 2-hours may not exceed 100 sq. in.

44
Q

Which standards organization determines sound levels for mechanical systems in buildings?
A. ASTM
B. ASHRAE
C. ANSI
D. OSHA

A

B.

45
Q

The Room Corner Test or NFPA 265/UL 1715 typical addresses what fabric situation?
A. Specifically when napped, tufted, or looped textiles are used as “wallcoverings” on walls and ceilings.
B. To see how a product will smolder before either flaming or extinguishing an actual smoldering cigarette as the ignition source.
C.Vertical treatments such as curtains, draperies, window shades, large wall hangings or tapestries, and plastic films used for decorative purposes.
D. Determining both the flame spread and smoke development ratings in the classification of interior finishes applied to walls, ceilings, and other structural elements.

A

A.

NFPA 265, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls

UL 1715, Fire Test of Interior Finish Material

46
Q

What are the building codes (specifically)?

A

Life Safety Code of the NFPA
ICC International Building Codes

47
Q

What are the Building Standards (specifically)?

A
2. ADA-ABA (Architectural Barriers Act Guidelines)
3. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
4. BOMA Standards
5. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
48
Q

What is ANSI 117.1

A

Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities
Provides standards for the specification and construction of accessible facilities

49
Q

What is BIFMA?

A

The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer’s Association
A non profit organization that produces voluntary standards promoting safe working environments

50
Q

What is ANSI/BIFMA X5.1?

A

American National Standard for Office Furnishings - General Purpose Office Chairs, 2011
- Provides basis for evaluating the safety, durability, and structural adequacy of general purpose office chairs, for manufacturers, specifiers, and users

51
Q

What is BIFMA level certification?

A

This is a voluntary “sustainable” standard for business and institutional furniture manufacturers.

52
Q

What is ANSI/BIFMA e3?

A

Furniture Sustainability Standard
This standard distinguishes environmentally preferable business and institutional furniture. Allows for multiple levels of achievement

53
Q

What is ANSI/BIFMA M7.1?

A

Standard test method for determining VOCs from office furniture and seating in office buildings

54
Q

VOC versus TVOC

A

VOC - Volatile Organic Compound
TVOC - Toxic volatile organic compound

55
Q

What is ANSI/BIFMA X7.1

A

Standard for Formaldehyde and TVOC Emissions of Low Emitting Office Furniture Systems and Seating, 2011
defines criteria for classification as VOC low-emitting product

56
Q

What is ASHRAE?

A

The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
- promotes technology advancement in the HVAC industry
- develops and publishes technical standards and guidelines for HVAC and refrigeration professionals

57
Q

What is ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1?

A

Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, 2010
these standards set requirements for fresh air in ventilation. It directs how to manage contamination by controlling indoor humidity and filtering building air

58
Q

What is ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.2?

A

Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low Rise Residential Buildings, 2010
applies to single family and multi-family dwellings of 3 stories or less

59
Q

What is ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1?

A

Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, 2010
provides information on energy standards

60
Q

What is OSHA?

A

Occupational Safety and Health Act
requires employers to provide a safe work environment
applies to construction sites, factories, and industrial plants but also offices

61
Q

What is NFPA?

A

National Fire Protection Association
global self-funded non-profit organization devoted to eliminating death, injury, property and economic loss due to fire, electrical and related hazards

62
Q

What is NFPA 252?

A

Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies
tests door assembly to resist the passage of flame, heat and gases

63
Q

What is NFPA 253?

A

tests sample of carpet in the horizontal position and measures a flame spread

64
Q

What is NFPA 265?

A

Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile or Expanded Vinyl Wall Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls

65
Q

What is NFPA 286?

A

Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Evaluating Contribution of Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish to Room Fire Growth
same as room corner test
applies to materials mounted on wall or ceiling of a room

66
Q

What is NFPA 701?

A

Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films: This sets two ways to test the flammability of draperies, curtains or other window treatments

67
Q

What is the general process of building permits?

A
1. ID gives the design package to contractor and the contractor submits application documents to AHJ
2. Once issued, the permit must be prominently displayed on the job site
3. The AHJ makes inspections during construction
4. A CO is issued by the AHJ
68
Q

Suggested revisions, if any, are typically the responsibility of the ___________

A

interior designer

69
Q

What are the construction stages an AHJ may inspect?

A

Framing
Gypsum walls
Plumbing
Mechanical
Electrical
Final Inspection

70
Q

What is another term for CO (Certificate of Occupancy)?

A

Letter of Occupancy
Use and Occupancy (U and O)

71
Q

What is valuation?

A

The code uses it to establish the permit fee. This concept is based on the proposition that the valuation of a project is related to the amount of work to be expended in the various aspects of administering the permit.

72
Q

The application fee for permitting is usually used to compensate the _____ for the plan review process, with any unused money credited towards the projects official building permit fees

A

AHJ

73
Q

What are some factors that can affect the cost for a residential building permit?

A

Size and age of home
complexity of remodel
inspection fees
number of permits required
value of the work performed on the home

74
Q

Commercial building permits cost ____ to ____ per square foot or __% to __% of the projects value

A

\$0.15 to \$0.84
1% to 5%

75
Q

What is the typical correct order of construction inspections?
A. Framing, gypsum wallboard, plumbing, mechanical, electrical, final
B. Framing, electrical, plumbing, mechanical, gypsum wallboard, final
C. Electrical, framing, plumbing, mechanical, gypsum wallboard, final
D. Gypsum wallboard, framing, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, final

A

B.

76
Q

How much does a typical building permit cost?
A. \$1,000.00
B. \$4,000.00
C. Fee based on square footage
D. No fee, covered by inspections

A

C.

77
Q

What is the first thing that the permit process requires?
A. building inspection
B. application for permit
C. Certificate of Occupancy
D. application for variance

A

B

78
Q

Who is responsible for making sure the project design complies with all applicable codes and regulations?
A. interior designer
B. project manager
C. general contractor
D. building owner

A

A

79
Q

When it comes to installation of the final FF&E which of the following is NOT a responsibility of the client?
B. secure and post the certificate of occupancy
C. security against loss or damage to the furniture and fixtures stored at the site between the dates of delivery and final acceptance by the owner
D. any costs incurred by the contractor due to the owner’s failure to conform to the schedule or due to other delays caused by the owner

A

B

The Certificate of Occupancy (CO) is issued by the building department (part of the permit process originally paid for by the contractor).

80
Q

What is the 3 steps of the permit process?

A
1. Permit Application
2. Plan Review
3. Permit