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Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (22)
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1
Q

cardiovascular adverse effects of steriods

A

lipid profile changes
elevated blood pressure
decreased myocardial function

2
Q

endocrine adverse effects of steriods

A

gynecomastia
decreased sperm count
testicular atrophy
impotence and trasient infertility

3
Q

genitourinary adverse effects of steroids

A

males: decreased sperm count and decreased testicular size
femalies menstrual irregularities
males and females gynecomastia and libido changes

4
Q

dermatological adverse effects of steriods

A

acne and male pattern baldness

5
Q

hepatic adverse effects of steriods

A

increased risk of liver tumors and damange

6
Q

musculoskeletal adverse effects of steriods

A

premature epiphyseal plate closure

icreased risk of tendon tears and intramuscular abscess

7
Q

psychological adverse effects of steriods

A

mania, depression, aggression, and mood swings

8
Q

adverse effects of HGH

A
gigantism
acromegaly
arthritis
metabolic abnormalities
organ enlargement
9
Q

athletes using HGH may experience ? which is a disfiguring diease charateriized by widening of the bones, arthritis, organ enlargement and metabolic abnormalities.

A

acromegaly

10
Q

steriod producted by the kidneys and stimulates the production of new red blood cells used by marathon runners and are associated with elevations of hematocrit and hemoglobin

A

erythropoietin EPO

11
Q

adverse effects of EPO

A

increased blood viscosity, blood cloting, elevations in systolic blodd pressure, compromised thermoregulatory system.

12
Q

steriod that regulates physiological effects such as lipolysis and thermogenesis

A

b adrenergic agonists such as cimaterol and clenbuterol

13
Q

b blockers

A

drugs that block the b adrenergic receptors preventing catecholamines from binding, reduces anxiety. taken by shooters

14
Q

b blockers can reduce performance by

A

reducing oxygen and substrate delivery to exercising muscles

15
Q

is HMB supplementation effiecent?

A

no

16
Q

what is muscle buffering capacity?

A

the ability to regulate H concentration in skeletal muscle during high-intensity exercise

17
Q

muscle buffering capacity has a positive relationship between exercise performance in athletes who participate in what sports

A

bball, soccer, hockey cycling, sprinting

18
Q

you can improve your MBC by

A

training or by taking b alanine, sodium bicarbonate and citrate

19
Q

carnosine and b alaline is effiecent

A

true

20
Q

should althelets use sodium bicarbonate

A

maybe, it is effective bu the side effects may not be worth it

21
Q

what is ephedrine used for?

A

fat loss

22
Q

side effects of ephedra

A

nausea, vomiting, psychiatric symtpoms