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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (22):
1

bioenergetics is>

changing macros into energy

2

catabolism

the breakdown of large molecules into smaller molecules

3

anabolism

the syntesis of larger molecules from smaller moelcules using energy released from catabolic reactions

4

exergonic reations are

energy releasing reactions and are catabolic

5

endergonic reations are

require energy and include anabolic processes and the contraction of muscle

6

metabolism

the total of all the catabolic or exergonic and anabolic or endergonic reations in a biological system

7

ATP allows the transfer of ?

energy from exergonic to endergonic reations

8

phosphagen and glycolitic system both occur in the ?

cytoplasm of the cell with the absence of oxygen

9

oxidative

occurs in mitochondria with oxygen

10

phosphogen system provides

ATP for high intensity activity (wieght training) 0-6 seconds up to 20-30 seconds

11

creatine help with what system?

phosphagen system

12

phosphogen system names

phospho creatine

13

phosphogen system provides ATP very ?

quickly for short durations

14

glycotic system occurs in the ?

cytoplasm along with the phosphogen system

15

glycolitic system can sustain for

30 sec to 3 min of high intensity exercise comes after phosphogen

16

glycotic system is the breakdown of ?

carbs to resynthasize ATP

17

pyruvate can result in what 2 outcomes?

1. converted to lactate
2. shuttled into the mitochondria

18

when pyruvate is converted into lactate is is called?

anaerobic glycolysis or fast glycolysis

19

when pyruvate is shuttled into the mitochondria it is called?

aerobic glycolysis or slow glycolysis

20

where does glycosis occur?

sacroplasm

21

when pyruvate is converted into lactate(anaerobic or fast glycolysis) ATP resynthesis occurs?

faster and shorter
Lactate fast

22

when pyruvate is shuttled into the mitochondria to undergo the krebs cycle (aerobic or slow glycolysis) ATP resynthesis occurs ?

slower and longer
mitochondria slow.......takes a long time to say mitochndra