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Flashcards in 16 Public Health Practice Deck (9)
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1

5 core functions of public health in Canada

Health protection
Disease and injury prevention
Health promotion
Surveillance
Population health assessment

2

What is surveillance?

Ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health data
Communicated in a timely manner
Contributes to program planning, delivery, management

3

What is population health assessment?

Measuring, monitoring, reporting on a population's health
Collecting info for collaborative development/maintenance of population health profiles, identification of challenges and opportunities, and monitoring of public health practice impacts

4

5 ways we can measure health

Mortality
Life Expectancy
Potential years of life lost
Morbidity from disease
Heath adjusted life expectancy

5

Which type of incidence uses person-time years?

The incident rate (not cumulative incidence)

6

Risk difference

Incident rate in exposed - incident rate in unexposed
Same as exposed attributable risk

7

Relative risk

incident rate in exposed divided by incident rate in unexposed

8

Exposed attributable fraction

(Incident rate in exposed - incident rate in unexposed) / incident rate in exposed
Answers the question: what proportion of the risk in the exposed persons is due to the exposure?

9

Population attributable fraction

(Incident rate in total population - incident rate in unexposed) / incident rate in total population
Demonstrates the impact of an exposure on a whole population
Answers the question: what proportion of the risk in the whole population is due to the exposure?