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Flashcards in 19 - Traditional Chinese Medicine Deck (36):
1

TCM

Traditional Chinese Medicine

2

What provinces have TCM practitioner and acupuncturist licensing programs?

BC, Alberta, Ontario, Newfoundland, and Quebec

3

How is TCM managed in Manitoba ?

Manitoba is not subject to government regulation. Practitioners must quality for membership in a regulatory association.

4

CMAAC

Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture Association of Canada

5

In a province where acupuncture and/or TCM is NOT governed by a regulatory body, what does someone have to do to be certified ?

Completed AT LEAST a 3 year full time acupuncture/traditional Chinese medicine course that equals a minimum of 1900 hours of full time study, plus 500 Clinical hours, from an education institution approved by CMAAC or registered by a provincial Department of Education (in Nova Scotia, the Department of Labour and Advanced Education) and/or FTCMCC (Federation of TCM Colleges of Canada)

6

TCM originated in ancient China and has been practiced for over ____ years

2000

7

What is the oldest received work of Chinese medical theory?

The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon

8

List 3 historical TCM physicians

-Bian Que
-Hua Tuo
-Li Shizhen

9

List 3 points about Bian Que

-The earliest known Chinese physician
-Skilled in feeling pulse and acupuncture
-Prevention is better than cure

10

List 3 points about Hua Tuo

-The first person in China to use anesthesia during surgery
-Developed "Wuqinxi" (exercise of the five animals)
-Better to maintain health than to cure disease

11

List 2 points about Li Shizhen

-Regarded as the greatest Chinese physician and and pharmacologist
-Best known for writing "Compendium of Materia Medical (Bencao Gangmu"

12

List 2 theories of TCM

-Qi/Meridians
-Yin-Yang

13

List 2 things used in diagnosis of TCM

-Tongue
-Pulse

14

List 3 treatments used in TCM

-Herbalism
-Acupuncture
-Cupping

15

What is Qi?

-A basic concept of TCM (pronounced as "chee")
-Most closely translated as "energy"
-Energy (Qi) flow in the body follows certain pathways called meridians or channels

16

What are meridians?

-Meridians (also called channels) are networks of pathways along which Qi energy flows
-14 main channels connecting the body in a web-like interconnecting matrix of 360 acupoints
-Meridians correspond to different organs

*Illness occurs when Qi flow is blocked or obstructed

17

What is Yin-Yang ?

-Yin and Yang are terms used to describe the opposing manifestations of Qi.
-Parasympathetic (yin) vs sympathetic (yang) nervous system
-Changing and transforming to each other
-Health = Balance of yin-yang of Qi
-Illness = Imbalance

18

What is Yin associated with?

-Cold
-Dark
-Interior
-Structure
-Fatigue
-Chronic

19

What is Yang associated with?

-Hot
-Bright
-Exterior
-Function
-Insomnia
-Acute

20

How do we diagnose using the tongue?

Look at:

Body: size, color, shape
Coating: color, moisture and thickness

21

How do we diagnose using the pulse?

Checking the radial artery pulse to feel the rate, strength, and quality

22

Describe Herbalism

-Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts
-Chinese herbs originate from he discovery that some plants could alleviate or eliminate suffering from diseases

23

Where do we get herbal material?

-Plant: crude and prepared leaves, barks, berries, roots, gums, seeds, stems
-Insects
-Minerals
-Animal products

24

Describe Herbal Treatment

-Individualized base formula with individualized modifications
-Formula modified in follow-up
-Short term symptom treatment
-Long-term tonic treatment

25

What are some safety issues with herbal medicine?

-Misidentification
-Self-prescribing
-Substitution
-Medication interactions
-Contamination
-Allergic reactions
-Adulteration

26

How is herbal medicine sold ?

-Dry extracts (pills or capsules)
-Teas
-Syrups
-Oils

27

What does "Acupuncture" mean?

Acu = needle

Acupuncture = means to puncture with needles

28

Describe Acupuncture

-An ancient Chinese practise of inserting needles in specific points on the body to manipulate the flow of energy or Qi
-One of the oldest, most commonly used medical procedures in the world
-It became widely known in North America in 1970's

-Feels like a mosquito bite and then just pressure, not really painful

29

How does acupuncture work?

-Qi blockage in the meridians results in illness
-Acupuncture unblocks the blockages to allow the Qi flow freely
-Acupuncture integrates different systems of the body and promotes self-healing
-Treat a person as a whole, not just the symptoms
-Stimulate nerves, which transmit electrical impulses to the spinal cord, brain and the body
-Stimulate the central nervous system to release chemicals (serotonins, endorphins, enkephalins) into local or distant areas of the body

30

What can acupuncture be beneficial for?

-Pain-related concerns (acute/chronic)
-Digestive problems
-Anxiety/depression
-Infertility
-Insomnia

31

Risks and side effects of acupuncture ?

-Safe when conducted by a qualified practitioner
-Mild, short-lasting side effects do occur in some cases, however, including: pain where the needles puncture the skin, bleeding or bruising where the needles are removed
-Serious complications, such as infections or tissue damage, are extremely rare
-Only occur as the result of practice carried by a practitioner who has not been properly trained

32

What is cupping?

Cupping therapy is an ancient Chinese form of alternative medicine in which local suction is created on the skin

33

2 ways to perform cupping?

-Fire cupping
-Pump cupping

34

What can cupping be used for?

-Muscle pain & stiffness
-Anxiety, Fatigue
-Skin problems
-Migraines
-Hypertension
-Fever, Cold & Flu

35

How does cupping work?

-Stimulate internal energy flow, revive weakened organ functions, and improve immunity
-Suck out wind, cold, dampness and blood
-Strengthen the phagocytic functions of white blood cells and the reticuloendothelial system
-Result in blood stasis and autoimmune hemolytic phenomena
-Regulate nerve excitability, dual-direction regulation

36

Compare TCM and Western Medicine

TCM:
-Individualized
-Experience-based
-Summary of clinical observations
-Emphasizes the role of the body in healing
-Herbs and natural agents
-Behavior of the system as a whole
-Works to maintain health

Western Medicine:
-Standardized
-Evidence-based
-Results of empirical evidences
-Mainly relies on medication and procedures
-Pure chemical compounds
-Structure and function of the parts
-Manages disease