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Traditional Chinese Medicine


What provinces have TCM practitioner and acupuncturist licensing programs?

BC, Alberta, Ontario, Newfoundland, and Quebec


How is TCM managed in Manitoba ?

Manitoba is not subject to government regulation. Practitioners must quality for membership in a regulatory association.



Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture Association of Canada


In a province where acupuncture and/or TCM is NOT governed by a regulatory body, what does someone have to do to be certified ?

Completed AT LEAST a 3 year full time acupuncture/traditional Chinese medicine course that equals a minimum of 1900 hours of full time study, plus 500 Clinical hours, from an education institution approved by CMAAC or registered by a provincial Department of Education (in Nova Scotia, the Department of Labour and Advanced Education) and/or FTCMCC (Federation of TCM Colleges of Canada)


TCM originated in ancient China and has been practiced for over ____ years



What is the oldest received work of Chinese medical theory?

The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon


List 3 historical TCM physicians

-Bian Que
-Hua Tuo
-Li Shizhen


List 3 points about Bian Que

-The earliest known Chinese physician
-Skilled in feeling pulse and acupuncture
-Prevention is better than cure


List 3 points about Hua Tuo

-The first person in China to use anesthesia during surgery
-Developed "Wuqinxi" (exercise of the five animals)
-Better to maintain health than to cure disease


List 2 points about Li Shizhen

-Regarded as the greatest Chinese physician and and pharmacologist
-Best known for writing "Compendium of Materia Medical (Bencao Gangmu"


List 2 theories of TCM



List 2 things used in diagnosis of TCM



List 3 treatments used in TCM



What is Qi?

-A basic concept of TCM (pronounced as "chee")
-Most closely translated as "energy"
-Energy (Qi) flow in the body follows certain pathways called meridians or channels


What are meridians?

-Meridians (also called channels) are networks of pathways along which Qi energy flows
-14 main channels connecting the body in a web-like interconnecting matrix of 360 acupoints
-Meridians correspond to different organs

*Illness occurs when Qi flow is blocked or obstructed


What is Yin-Yang ?

-Yin and Yang are terms used to describe the opposing manifestations of Qi.
-Parasympathetic (yin) vs sympathetic (yang) nervous system
-Changing and transforming to each other
-Health = Balance of yin-yang of Qi
-Illness = Imbalance


What is Yin associated with?



What is Yang associated with?



How do we diagnose using the tongue?

Look at:

Body: size, color, shape
Coating: color, moisture and thickness


How do we diagnose using the pulse?

Checking the radial artery pulse to feel the rate, strength, and quality


Describe Herbalism

-Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts
-Chinese herbs originate from he discovery that some plants could alleviate or eliminate suffering from diseases


Where do we get herbal material?

-Plant: crude and prepared leaves, barks, berries, roots, gums, seeds, stems
-Animal products


Describe Herbal Treatment

-Individualized base formula with individualized modifications
-Formula modified in follow-up
-Short term symptom treatment
-Long-term tonic treatment


What are some safety issues with herbal medicine?

-Medication interactions
-Allergic reactions


How is herbal medicine sold ?

-Dry extracts (pills or capsules)


What does "Acupuncture" mean?

Acu = needle

Acupuncture = means to puncture with needles


Describe Acupuncture

-An ancient Chinese practise of inserting needles in specific points on the body to manipulate the flow of energy or Qi
-One of the oldest, most commonly used medical procedures in the world
-It became widely known in North America in 1970's

-Feels like a mosquito bite and then just pressure, not really painful


How does acupuncture work?

-Qi blockage in the meridians results in illness
-Acupuncture unblocks the blockages to allow the Qi flow freely
-Acupuncture integrates different systems of the body and promotes self-healing
-Treat a person as a whole, not just the symptoms
-Stimulate nerves, which transmit electrical impulses to the spinal cord, brain and the body
-Stimulate the central nervous system to release chemicals (serotonins, endorphins, enkephalins) into local or distant areas of the body


What can acupuncture be beneficial for?

-Pain-related concerns (acute/chronic)
-Digestive problems


Risks and side effects of acupuncture ?

-Safe when conducted by a qualified practitioner
-Mild, short-lasting side effects do occur in some cases, however, including: pain where the needles puncture the skin, bleeding or bruising where the needles are removed
-Serious complications, such as infections or tissue damage, are extremely rare
-Only occur as the result of practice carried by a practitioner who has not been properly trained


What is cupping?

Cupping therapy is an ancient Chinese form of alternative medicine in which local suction is created on the skin


2 ways to perform cupping?

-Fire cupping
-Pump cupping


What can cupping be used for?

-Muscle pain & stiffness
-Anxiety, Fatigue
-Skin problems
-Fever, Cold & Flu


How does cupping work?

-Stimulate internal energy flow, revive weakened organ functions, and improve immunity
-Suck out wind, cold, dampness and blood
-Strengthen the phagocytic functions of white blood cells and the reticuloendothelial system
-Result in blood stasis and autoimmune hemolytic phenomena
-Regulate nerve excitability, dual-direction regulation


Compare TCM and Western Medicine

-Summary of clinical observations
-Emphasizes the role of the body in healing
-Herbs and natural agents
-Behavior of the system as a whole
-Works to maintain health

Western Medicine:
-Results of empirical evidences
-Mainly relies on medication and procedures
-Pure chemical compounds
-Structure and function of the parts
-Manages disease