What are the boundaries of the false pelvis?
Iliac crests to Pelvic inlet
What are the boundaries of the true pelvis?
Pelvic inlet to Pelvic floor
Which muscle is involved in the pelvic floor?
Which nerve supplies levator ani?
Pudendal nerve (S2,3,4)
What is another name for the pelvic floor?
Which renal organs are found in the
a) pelvic cavity
a) Distal ureters, bladder, proximal urethra
b) Distal urethra
Where is the urethra found?
The ureters pass along the (anterior / posterior) aspect of the common iliac arteries.
site of anatomical constriction
At which level do the ureters turn medially to enter the bladder?
The ureters enter the (anterior / posterior) aspect of the bladder.
The fact that the ureters enter the posterior aspect of the bladder in a medial direction helps to prevent ___ of urine.
What is more anterior - the common iliac artery or vein?
Artery is anterior
What space is found between the rectum and bladder?
Is it found in males or females?
Most inferior part of MALE peritoneal cavity
What are the two spaces found between the pelvic organs in females?
Vesico-uterine pouch (between bladder and uterus)
Rectouterine pouch / Pouch of Douglas (between rectum and uterus)
Which pouch is the most inferior space in the female peritoneal cavity?
Rectouterine pouch / Pouch of Douglas
Where are the ureters found in relation to the uterine / fallopian tubes?
"water under the bridge"
Where are the ureters found in relation to the vas deferens in males?
same idea as females, posterior to uterine tubes
Which artery supplies most of the organs of the pelvis?
Internal iliac artery
The arteries supplying the pelvic organs are mostly branches of the ___ ___ artery.
internal iliac artery
Which branches of the internal iliac artery supply the bladder?
Which branches of the internal iliac artery supply the
a) uterus in females
b) prostate gland in males?
a) Uterine arteries
b) Prostatic arteries
Which branch of the internal iliac artery supplies the vagina in females?
Which organ is found in the true pelvic cavity and stores and voids urine?
What is in contact with the superior surface of the bladder?
What holes are found on the posterior aspect of the bladder and act as insertions for the left and right ureters?
What is the other word for the posterior aspect of the bladder?
Base of the bladder
What tube emerges from the inferior aspect of the bladder?
What is found at the inferior aspect of the bladder in males and can hypertrophy, causing urinary tract problems?
What hole is found between the inferior aspect of the bladder and the prostate gland in males?
Internal urethral orifice + SPHINCTER
Internal urethral sphincter only found in males
What structure is formed by the boundaries beween the right and left ureteric orifices and the internal urethral sphincter?