2: Anatomy - lower renal tract Flashcards Preview

Renal Week 1 2017/18 > 2: Anatomy - lower renal tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2: Anatomy - lower renal tract Deck (75)
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1

What are the boundaries of the false pelvis?

Iliac crests to Pelvic inlet

2

What are the boundaries of the true pelvis?

Pelvic inlet to Pelvic floor

3

Which muscle is involved in the pelvic floor?

Levator ani

4

Which nerve supplies levator ani?

Pudendal nerve (S2,3,4)

5

What is another name for the pelvic floor?

Pelvic diaphragm

6

Which renal organs are found in the

a) pelvic cavity

b) perineum?

a) Distal ureters, bladder, proximal urethra

b) Distal urethra

7

Where is the urethra found?

Perineum

8

The ureters pass along the (anterior / posterior) aspect of the common iliac arteries.

anterior

site of anatomical constriction

9

At which level do the ureters turn medially to enter the bladder?

Ischial spine

10

The ureters enter the (anterior / posterior) aspect of the bladder.

posterior

11

The fact that the ureters enter the posterior aspect of the bladder in a medial direction helps to prevent ___ of urine.

reflux

12

What is more anterior - the common iliac artery or vein?

Artery is anterior

13

What space is found between the rectum and bladder?

Is it found in males or females?

Rectovesical pouch

Most inferior part of MALE peritoneal cavity

14

What are the two spaces found between the pelvic organs in females?

Vesico-uterine pouch (between bladder and uterus)

Rectouterine pouch / Pouch of Douglas (between rectum and uterus)

15

Which pouch is the most inferior space in the female peritoneal cavity?

Rectouterine pouch / Pouch of Douglas

16

Where are the ureters found in relation to the uterine / fallopian tubes?

Posterior

"water under the bridge"

17

Where are the ureters found in relation to the vas deferens in males?

Posterior

same idea as females, posterior to uterine tubes

18

Which artery supplies most of the organs of the pelvis?

Internal iliac artery

19

The arteries supplying the pelvic organs are mostly branches of the ___ ___ artery.

internal iliac artery

20

Which branches of the internal iliac artery supply the bladder?

Vesical arteries

21

Which branches of the internal iliac artery supply the

a) uterus in females

b) prostate gland in males?

a) Uterine arteries

b) Prostatic arteries

22

Which branch of the internal iliac artery supplies the vagina in females?

Vaginal artery

23

Which organ is found in the true pelvic cavity and stores and voids urine?

Bladder

24

What is in contact with the superior surface of the bladder?

Peritoneum

25

What holes are found on the posterior aspect of the bladder and act as insertions for the left and right ureters?

Ureteric orifices

26

What is the other word for the posterior aspect of the bladder?

Base of the bladder

27

What tube emerges from the inferior aspect of the bladder?

Urethra

28

What is found at the inferior aspect of the bladder in males and can hypertrophy, causing urinary tract problems?

Prostate gland

29

What hole is found between the inferior aspect of the bladder and the prostate gland in males?

Internal urethral orifice SPHINCTER

Internal urethral sphincter only found in males

30

What structure is formed by the boundaries beween the right and left ureteric orifices and the internal urethral sphincter?

Trigone