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What is the purpose of the urinary tract?
Production and excretion of urine
What are the functions of the
a) Produces urine
b) Drains urine to bladder
c) Stores and voids urine
d) Excretes urine from body
Which renal organs make up the
a) upper urinary tract
b) lower urinary tract?
a) UUT - kidneys, ureters
b) LUT - bladder, urethra
Which renal structure(s)
a) store and void urine
b) excretes urine
c) produces urine
d) drain urine to a?
Which cavities are the renal organs found in?
True pelvic cavity
Which renal organs are found in the
a) abdominal cavity
b) true pelvic cavity
a) Kidneys, PROXIMAL ureters
b) DISTAL ureters, bladder , PROXIMAL urethra
c) DISTAL urethra
Where does the abdominal cavity stop and the pelvic cavity start?
Are the kidneys and proximal ureters intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?
Where are the ureters, bladder and urethra in relation to the peritoneum?
Proximal ureters are retroperitoneal along with the kidneys
Which type of peritoneum is in contact with the anterior surface of the kidneys?
Which important blood vessels of the abdomen are retroperitoneal?
Inferior vena cava
The abdominal aorta is found on the patient's (left / right).
The IVC is found on the patient's (left / right).
AA on the LEFT
IVC on the RIGHT
At which vertebral levels do the
a) abdominal aorta
b) internal vena cava
a) L3/4 - "level of the umbilicus"
In which cavity are the
c) distal urethra
d) proximal ureter
e) distal ureter
f) proximal urethra
a) True pelvic cavity
b) Abdominal cavity
d) Abdominal cavity
e) True pelvic cavity
f) True pelvic cavity
Which part of the kidney is the point where the major blood vessels and ureters insert?
Which glands are found at the superior pole of the kidneys?
What are the three vessels found in the renal hilum?
Which is more anterior, the renal artery or vein?
Renal vein is ALWAYS anterior to renal artery
The anterior surface of the kidneys is in contact with (parietal / visceral) peritoneum.
There are two types of fat around the kidneys. Which fat
a) is found superficial to the kidneys and renal fascia?
b) is liquidy and in direct contact with the kidneys?
a) Paranephric fat
b) Perinephric fat
Which fibrous layer surrounds the kidney and is deep to the renal fascia and perinephric fat?
What are two important muscles found
to the kidneys?
a) Psoas major
b) Quadratus lumborum
Psoas major joins with the illacus to form ___.
What action does this muscle have? Which nerve supplies it?
Iliopsoas (anterior compartment of the thigh)
Flexes the thigh
What can the abdominal muscles do to protect the kidneys?
The kidneys lie ___ to psoas major and ___ to quadratus lumborum.
lateral to psoas major
anterior to quadratus lumborum