READ ME / 1: Anatomy - upper renal tract Flashcards Preview

Renal Week 1 2017/18 > READ ME / 1: Anatomy - upper renal tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in READ ME / 1: Anatomy - upper renal tract Deck (71)
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1

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2

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3

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4

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6

What is the purpose of the urinary tract?

Production and excretion of urine

7

What are the functions of the

a) kidneys

b) ureters

c) bladder

d) urethra?

a) Produces urine

b) Drains urine to bladder

c) Stores and voids urine

d) Excretes urine from body

8

Which renal organs make up the

a) upper urinary tract

b) lower urinary tract?

a) UUT - kidneys, ureters

b) LUT - bladder, urethra

9

Which renal structure(s)

a) store and void urine

b) excretes urine

c) produces urine

d) drain urine to a?

a) Bladder

b) Urethra

c) Kidneys

d) Ureters

10

Which cavities are the renal organs found in?

Abdominal cavity

True pelvic cavity

Perineum

11

Which renal organs are found in the

a) abdominal cavity

b) true pelvic cavity

c) perineum?

a) Kidneys, PROXIMAL ureters

b) DISTAL ureters, bladder , PROXIMAL urethra

c) DISTAL urethra

12

Where does the abdominal cavity stop and the pelvic cavity start?

Iliac crests

13

Are the kidneys and proximal ureters intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal?

Retroperitoneal

14

Where are the ureters, bladder and urethra in relation to the peritoneum?

Subperitoneal

meaning below

Proximal ureters are retroperitoneal along with the kidneys

15

Which type of peritoneum is in contact with the anterior surface of the kidneys?

Visceral peritoneum

16

Which important blood vessels of the abdomen are retroperitoneal?

Abdominal aorta

Inferior vena cava

17

The abdominal aorta is found on the patient's (left / right).

The IVC is found on the patient's (left / right).

AA on the LEFT

IVC on the RIGHT

18

At which vertebral levels do the

a) abdominal aorta

b) internal vena cava

bifurcate?

a) L3/4 - "level of the umbilicus"

b) L5

19

In which cavity are the

a) bladder

b) kidneys

c) distal urethra

d) proximal ureter

e) distal ureter

f) proximal urethra

found?

a) True pelvic cavity

b) Abdominal cavity

c) Perineum

d) Abdominal cavity

e) True pelvic cavity

f) True pelvic cavity

20

Which part of the kidney is the point where the major blood vessels and ureters insert?

Renal hilum

21

Which glands are found at the superior pole of the kidneys?

Adrenal glands

22

What are the three vessels found in the renal hilum?

Renal artery

Renal vein

Ureter

23

Which is more anterior, the renal artery or vein?

Renal vein is ALWAYS anterior to renal artery

24

The anterior surface of the kidneys is in contact with (parietal / visceral) peritoneum.

visceral peritoneum

25

There are two types of fat around the kidneys. Which fat

a) is found superficial to the kidneys and renal fascia?

b) is liquidy and in direct contact with the kidneys?

a) Paranephric fat

b) Perinephric fat

26

Which fibrous layer surrounds the kidney and is deep to the renal fascia and perinephric fat?

Renal capsule

27

What are two important muscles found

a) medial

b) posterior

to the kidneys?

a) Psoas major

b) Quadratus lumborum

28

Psoas major joins with the illacus to form ___.

What action does this muscle have? Which nerve supplies it?

Iliopsoas (anterior compartment of the thigh)

Flexes the thigh

Femoral nerve

29

What can the abdominal muscles do to protect the kidneys?

Contract

"guarding"

30

The kidneys lie ___ to psoas major and ___ to quadratus lumborum.

lateral to psoas major

anterior to quadratus lumborum