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Flashcards in 2 Changing economic world (non CS's) Deck (24)
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1

what are three conisderations when measuring development

economic growth, technology and welfare

2

what does the demographic transition model show

It studies how birth rate and death rate affect the total population of a country. It shows contrasts between HIC's and NEE's/LIC's

3

What is GNI

gross national income ( total value of all goods produced and coming into the country in a year

4

name two health indicators

Life expectency, people per doctor.

5

name two wealth indicators

GDP, GNI

6

name two education indicators

literacy rate, birth rate

7

how can GNI be misleading

variations across the country (eg. North-South divide)

8

name four NEE's using BRICS

Brazil, russia, india, China, south Africa

9

what does HDI do?

It combines GNI per head, education standard, life expectency to give a country a score between
1 and 0

10

how many stages are in the DTM and how does it work?

5 stages, lower the stage lower the lower the development

11

what three physical factors effect how developed a country is

climate, raw material access and amount of farming land

12

what three economic factors affect how developed a country is

Trade links, economy based on primary products and Lots of debt.

13

Two historical causes of uneven development

colonisation, conflict

14

two consequences of uneven development in terms of wealth

inequality, decreased standard of living

15

two consequences of uneven development in terms of health

decreased life expectancy, high infant mortality

16

How can HIC's be impacted by uneven development

Increased influx of immigrants from lower income countries

17

Three tools to help reduce uneven development

investment, aid, Fair trade

18

what can the affect of foreign direct investment in LIC's be

better access to finance, tech, expertise and better infrastructure

19

what is FDI

when companies from HIC's buy property or invest in LIC's

20

give an example of debt relief

Zambia, 4 billion in 2005. Allowed them to start a free healthcare scheme.

21

what was the catalyst for more tourism in Kenya

they cut visa fees by 50%

22

how many more tourists did Kenya gain

500,000 more in 15 years

23

Three benefits of tourism in Kenya

4% of GDP, HDI value went up 0.14, 1.1 million employed in tourism (9% of all employment)

24

Three negatives of tourism in Kenya

Money often goes back out to HIC's, Maasai communities forced off land, footfall damages environment