2 more days.... Flashcards Preview

Step 2 > 2 more days.... > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2 more days.... Deck (18):
1

How is malaria diagnosed?

Blood smear

2

Woman is stable in active labor with placental abruption. What should be done?

Vaginal delivery

3

Person has s/s of appendicitis. Is imaging necessary to diagnosis before surgery?

NO...just go ahead and do the surgery

4

What medications can be used to treat restless leg syndrome?

Dopamine agonists (pramipexole)

5

A culture grows Gram+ anaerobic branching bacteria. What is this? How is it treated?

Actinomycosis

Penicillin

6

A person has been on digoxin for a while...and tolerating it just fine. A new medication is added and the patient develops side effects (anorexia, N/V, abdominal pain, confusion, color vision alterations). What drug was added?

Amiodarone;
Verapamil;
Quinidine; OR
Propafenone

7

Where is Eikenella common?

Oral flora

8

When should an abdominal US be done for AAA?

65-75yo with smoking history

9

What is the most common side effects of olanzapine?

Weight gain and sedation

10

Lesch-Nyhan...the disease that cause self-mutilation in kids. What's it caused by?

Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) deficiency

11

Lead toxicity is a worry in houses built before when?

1978

12

A patient has a history of seizures and is on phenytoin...reports fatigue and is found to have megaloblastic anemia. What is deficient?

Folic acid (B9)

13

What happens with thyroid hormone with pregnancy?

beta-hCG stimulates thyroid hormone production
Thyroid binding globulin (TBG) is increased

Net result: slight increase in total and free T4

14

Back and leg pain that is worse with back extension and better with flexion. What is it most likely?

Lumbar spinal stenosis

15

What should be checked if B12 deficiency is expected?

Methylmalonic acid

16

At what age is doxy given for Lyme disease?

8yo...before then amoxicillin is given

17

A person has syncope with emotional events. What kind of syncope is this?

Vasovagal...so orthostatic stress will also set it off

18

What is the order of frequency of cancers that metastasize to the brain?

Lung, breast, unknown primary, melanoma, colon