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Flashcards in Poisons and antidotes Deck (23):
1

Acetaminophen. S/S? Treatment?

Nausea, hepatic insufficiency

N-acetylcysteine

2

Anticholinergics. S/S? Treatment?

Dry mouth, urinary retention, QRS widening

Physostigmine

3

Benzodiazepines. S/S? Treatment?

Sedation, respiratory depression

Flumazenil

4

Beta-blockers. S/S? Treatment?

Bradycardia, hypotension, hypoglycemia, pulmonary edema

Glucagon, calcium, insulin, and dextrose

5

CCBs. S/S? Treatment?

Bradycardia, hypotension

Glucagon, calcium, insulin, and dextrose

6

Cocaine. S/S? Treatment?

Tachycardia, agitation

Supportive cares

7

Cyanide. S/S? Treatment?

Headache, nausea, vomiting, AMS

Nitrites (forms methemoglobin...CN will bind to this instead of cytochrome oxidase)
Hyroxocobalamin (CN will bind to this)

8

Digoxin. S/S? Treatment?

Nausea, vomiting, vision changes, arrhythmias

Digoxin antibodies

9

Heparin. S/S? Treatment?

Excessive bleeding, easy bruising

Protamine sulfate

10

Isoniazid. S/S? Treatment?

Neuropathy, nephropathy

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)

11

Isopropyl alcohol. S/S? Treatment?

AMS, nausea, abdominal pain

Supportive cares

12

Methanol. S/S? Treatment?

Headache, visual changes, dizziness

Ethanol, fomepizole, dialysis

13

Opioids. S/S? Treatment?

Pinpoint pupils, respiratory distress

Naloxone

14

Salicylates. S/S? Treatment?

Nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, hyperventilation, anion gap, metabolic acidosis

Charcoal, dialysis, sodium bicarb

15

Sulfonyureas. S/S? Treatment?

Hypoglycemia

Octreotide and dextrose

16

TCA. S/S? Treatment?

Tachycardia, dry mouth, urinary retention, widened QRS

Sodium bicarb, diazepam

17

Warfarin. S/S? Treatment?

Excessive bleeding, easy bruising

Vitamin K, FFP

18

Caustics (acids/alkali).. S/S? Treatment?

severe oropharyngeal and gastric irritation or burns, drooling, odynophagia, abdominal pain gastric perforation symptoms

Copious irrigation (do NOT induce emesis or attempt neutralization)
Activated charcoal

19

Ethylene glycol. S/S? Treatment?

Ataxia, hallucinations, seizures, sweet breath

Ethanol, fomepizole, dialysis

20

Organophosphates. S/S? Treatment?

DUMBBELSS

D-Diarrhea
U-Urination
M-Miosis
B-Bradycardia
B-Bronchospasm
E-Excitation of skeletal muscles
L-Lacrimation
S-Sweating
S-Salivation

Atropine, pralidoxime, supportive cares...remember to remove contaminated clothing

21

Iron. S/S? Treatment?

Nausea, constipation, hepatotoxicity

Deferoxamine

22

Lead. S/S? Treatment?

Peripheral neuropathy, anemia

EDA, dimercaprol

23

Mercury. S/S? Treatment?

Renal insufficiency, tremor, AMS

Dimercaprol