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Flashcards in (2) The Recovery of Weimar Deck (22):
1

What was the Dawes Plan?

. Germany couldn't afford the reparation payments.
. The Dawes Plan was made to make the payments much
easier.
. Gustav Stresemann was responsible for this.

2

When was the Dawes Plan agreed?

. August 1924

3

What were the main points of the Dawes Plan?

. Reparation payments would begin at 1 billion marks for
the first year and would increase over a period of four
years to 2.5 billion marks. These were much more
sensible.
. The Ruhr area was to be evacuated. This happened in
1925.
. The USA would give loans to Germany to help its
recovery.

4

What was the Rentenmark?

. To restore confidence in German people, Gustav made a temporary currency.
. It gradually reduced hyperinflation.

5

What was the Young Plan?

. Although Germany could pay the reparations, many
argued it was too much to pay.
. In 1929, Owen Young came up with a new plan for
payments.
. The length of time Germany had to pay was extended to
59 years.

6

Describe the reactions to the young plan

. An achievement for Stresemann and the Weimar
Government.
. It was criticised by right-wing politicians such as Adolf
Hitler who objected further payments.

7

What was the vicious circle of payments?

. The USA lent money to Germany.
. Germany lent money to France and Britain.
. France and Britain lent money the USA to repay war
loans.

8

How did the constitution strengthen Germany?

. The economy was starting to recover due to successes
abroad.
. Public works provided new opera houses and apartment
blocks.
. Unemployment fell from 9 million to 6 million over several
years.
. Better relations between employers and workers - fewer
strikes.
. Germany was beginning to be accepted by other
countries.

9

How did the constitution weaken Germany?

. Germany was over-dependent on loans from the USA.
. Farmers experienced agricultural problems with the
depression.
. The lower classes' wage wasn't much above the cost of
living.
. Lower class citizens didn't fully recover from the 1923
hyperinflation.

10

When was the Locarno Pact signed?

1925

11

What was the Locarno Pact?

. The countries agreed to keep existing borders between
Germany, Belgium and France.
. Began a period of co-operation between Germany,
France and Britain.

12

Which countries signed the Locarno Pact?

. Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Germany.

13

When did Germany become a part of the League of Nations?

September 1926

14

Why was joining the League of Nations important to Stresemann?

. Germany had to be in the League of Nations for the
Locarno Pact to come into operation.
. It confirmed Germany's return to Great Power.
. Stresemann used Germany's position in the League of
Nations to bring about the Young Plan.

15

When was the Kellogg-Briand Pact signed?

1928

16

What was the purpose of the Kellog-Briand Pact?

. All countries would solve arguments by 'peaceful means.'
. Armies were only for self-defence.
. It showed further improved relations between Germany
and the USA and the leading European nations.

17

Why was Gustav Stresemann the most popular leader of the Weimar Government?

. In 1925, France withdrew from the Ruhr
. The allies agreed to Dawes Plan and the Young plan
. In 1927, allied troops withdrew from the west bank of the
Rhine.
. Had many successes abroad - Locarno Pact and Kellog-
Briand Pact.
. Improved relations with USA and rest of Europe.

18

Describe the Political developments under the control of the Weimar Government

. The period 1924-29 saw greater political stability
. There was greater support for the parties that supported
the Weimar Government.
. Less support for extremist parties like the Nazis.
. In 1928, Social Democrats had 153 seats where as the
Nazis had 12.

19

What were the Social developments under the control of the Weimar Government?

. Standard of living
. Position of Women
. Cultural Changes.

20

How did the standard of living improve?

. Wages for many Germans had increased by 10%
. Housing - between 1924 and 1931, more than two million
news houses were renovated or expanded.
. Unemployment insurance - Workers and employees had
to make contributions to the national scheme of
unemployment.

21

How did the position of women improve?

. 1919, women over 20 were given the vote and they took
an increasing interest in politics.
. There was also equality in education for the sexes and
equal pay in professions.
. More women had roles in the civil service and teaching.
. They went out unescorted, drank and smoked in public
and were fashion conscious.

22

Describe the cultural changes in the 1920s

. Pre-war censorship was removed.
. Artists commented on the society of the time.
. Architecture flourished greatly.
. Golden age for the German cinema - for example the
movie Metropolis was one of the most technical films of
the decade.
. It was a strong period of literature also.