2016 (Week 20) Flashcards Preview

English Dictionary > 2016 (Week 20) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2016 (Week 20) Deck (25):
1

obscure

придев
- непознат
- мрачан
- неразговетан
- опскурантан
- помрачен
- нејасан

глагол
- замрачити
- начинити нејасним
- начинити неразумљивим

придев
- not discovered or known about; uncertain.

глагол
- keep from being seen; conceal.
"gray clouds obscure the sun"

2

preserve

глагол
- сачувати
- одржати
- конзервирати

именица
- резерват
- забран
- брана

именица
- food made with fruit preserved in sugar, such as jam or marmalade.
"home-made preserves"
- a sphere of activity regarded as being reserved for a particular person or group.
"the civil service became the preserve of the educated middle class"
- a place where game is protected and kept for private hunting or shooting.
" National forests present more challenges than do private game preserves ."

глагол
- maintain (something) in its original or existing state.
"all records of the past were zealously preserved"

3

derive

глагол
- извести
- извући
- потицати

глагол
- obtain something from (a specified source).

4

hazard

именица
- хазард
- опасан подухват

глагол
- одважити се
- ставити на коцку

именица
- a danger or risk.
"the hazards of smoking"
- chance; probability.
"And although he tries to concoct it, there is scant sense of hazard ."

глагол
- venture to say (something).
"he hazarded a guess"

5

sweep

именица
- замах
- домет
- ђерам
- чишћење

глагол
- брисати
- крстарити
- чистити метлом

именица
- a long, swift, curving movement.
"a grandiose sweep of his hand"
- a comprehensive search or survey of a place or area.
"the police finished their sweep through the woods"

глагол
- clean (an area) by brushing away dirt or litter.
"I've swept the floor"

6

abandoned

придев
- напуштен
- развратан
- разуздан
- раскалашан

- having been deserted or cast off.
"an abandoned car"
- unrestrained; uninhibited.
"a wild, abandoned dance"

7

treadmill

именица
- ергометар
- диринчење
- покретна трака за трчање

именица
- a device formerly used for driving machinery, consisting of a large wheel with steps fitted into its inner surface. It was turned by the weight of people or animals treading the steps.
"Where humans worked against gravity, as they did inside cage wheels and upon treadmills , we can calculate the power outputs."

8

evaporate

глагол
- испарити
- испаравати

глагол
- turn from liquid into vapor.
"cook until most of the liquid has evaporated"

9

anticipation

именица
- антиципација
- наслућивање
- предвиђање
- ишчекивање

именица
- the action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction.
"her eyes sparkled with anticipation"

10

uncertainty

именица
- несигурност
- неизвесност
- непоузданост

именица
- the state of being uncertain.
"times of uncertainty and danger"

11

incorporate

глагол
- инкорпорисати
incorporate
- припојити
incorporate, unite, affiliate

придев
- инкорпорисан
incorporated, incorporate
- припојен
incorporated, incorporate

придев
- having a bodily form; embodied.
Paul displays a profound understanding both of the incorporate person of Christ and of the church as the Body of Christ, the corporate vessel.

глагол
- take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.
he has incorporated in his proposals a large number of measures
синоними: absorb, include, subsume, assimilate, integrate, take in, swallow up; include, contain, comprise, embody, embrace, build in, encompass
- constitute (a company, city, or other organization) as a legal corporation.
The defendant corporation was incorporated under, and subsists under, the laws of Ontario and has its head office in the City of Toronto.

12

monetize

глагол
- монетизовати
monetize

Дефиниције за monetize
глагол
- convert into or express in the form of currency.
Will it be stabilised by fiscal transfers from other member countries or should the European Central Bank be allowed to monetise the accrued national debt?

13

affect

глагол
- утицати
affect, influence, have an effect, flow, disembogue
- погодити
hit, affect, score, nail, plug
- деловати
work, affect, influence
- узбудити
excite, thrill, stir, affect, stir up, disturb
- ганути
move, impassion, affect, strike home
- дирнути
touch, affect

именица
- афект
affect

Дефиниције за affect
именица
- emotion or desire, especially as influencing behavior or action.
By triggering affect and emotion, intolerant behaviors are set in motion.

глагол
- have an effect on; make a difference to.
the dampness began to affect my health
синоними: have an effect on, influence, act on, work on, have an impact on, impact, change, alter, modify, transform, form, shape, sway, bias
- pretend to have or feel (something).
as usual I affected a supreme unconcern
синоними: pretend, feign, fake, simulate, make a sho

14

verbose

придев
- вербалан
verbal, oral, verbose
- опширан у говору
verbose
- претерано говорљив
verbose

придев
- using or expressed in more words than are needed.
much academic language is obscure and verbose
синоними: wordy, loquacious, garrulous, talkative, volu

15

deputize

глагол
- именовати за заменика
deputize

глагол
- make (someone) a deputy.
some officers will be deputized as federal marshals
синоними: appoint (as a deputy), designate, delegate,

16

annoying

придев
- досадан
boring, tedious, teasing, annoying, bothersome

придев
- causing irritation or annoyance.
annoying habits
синоними: irritating, infuriating, exasperating, maddening, trying, tiresome, troublesome, bothersome, nettlesome, obnoxious, irksome, vexing, cursed, vexatious, galling, aggravating, pesky

глагол
- irritate (someone); make (someone) a little angry.
your damned cheerfulness has always annoyed me
синоними: irritate, vex, make angry/cross, anger,

17

however

везник
- међутим
however, but
- ипак
still, however, but
- како год
however
- ма како
however
- ма који
however

прилог
- како год
however, howsoever
- ма како
however, howsoever, anywise
- како му драго
however

прилог
- used to introduce a statement that contrasts with or seems to contradict something that has been said previously.
People tend to put on weight in middle age. However, gaining weight is not inevitable
синоними: nevertheless, nonetheless, but, still, yet, though, although, even so, for all that, despite that, in spite of that, anyway, anyhow, be that as it may, all the same, having said that, notwithstanding, still and all
- in whatever way; regardless of how.
however you look at it, you can't criticize that
синоними: in whatever way, regardless of how, no ma

18

refine

глагол
- оплеменити
ennoble, refine, dignify
- прерадити
process, recycle, revise, refine, rewrite, adapt
- пречистити
purify, refine, percolate, rectify
- рафинисати
refine

глагол
- remove impurities or unwanted elements from (a substance), typically as part of an industrial process.
sugar was refined by boiling it in huge iron vats
синоними: purify, process, treat

19

leverage

именица
- моћ
power, might, potency, leverage, capability, faculty
- снага
power, force, strength, sturdiness, vigor, leverage
- снага полуге
leverage
- дејство полуге
leverage

именица
- the exertion of force by means of a lever or an object used in the manner of a lever.
my spade hit something solid that wouldn't respond to leverage
синоними: grip, purchase, hold, support, anchorage, force, strength
- the ratio of a company's loan capital (debt) to the value of its common stock (equity).

глагол
- use borrowed capital for (an investment), expecting the profits made to be greater than the interest payable.
a leveraged takeover bid
- use (something) to maximum advantage.
the organization needs to leverage its key resources

20

adhere

глагол
- чврсто се држати
adhere
- приањати
adhere to, adhere, stick, cohere, cling
- пристајати
agree, fit, go along with, befit, adhere

глагол
- stick fast to (a surface or substance).
paint won't adhere well to a greasy surface
синоними: stick (fast), cohere, cling, bond, attach, b

21

retrieval

именица
- апортирање
retrieval
- вађење
extraction, retrieval
- повраћај
retrieval, restitution, relapse, resumption, returns

именица
- the process of getting something back from somewhere.
the investigation was completed after the retrieval of plane wreckage

22

a parking fine

паркинг казна

23

carry out

глагол
- извршити
execute, perform, carry out, commit, accomplish, implement
- спровести
conduct, carry out, take, escort, put in, carry through
- спроводити
carry out, pilot, put into effect
- обавити
carry out, get done, have done, transact, prosecute, embosom
- провести
spend, carry out, guide, put in, install, show through
- остварити
achieve, realize, accomplish, materialize, bring about, carry out
- испунити
fulfill, fill up, carry out, realize, implement, grout
- изнети
state, put forward, introduce, bring up, carry

глагол
- put through, follow up, implement, go through, follow out, follow through
- fulfill, carry through, accomplish, execute, action

24

discrepancy

именица
- раскорак
gap, discrepancy
- противречност
discrepancy, inconsistency

именица
- a lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
there's a discrepancy between your account and his
синоними: difference, disparity, variance, variation, de

25

mitigate

глагол
- ублажити
alleviate, mitigate, soften, ease, lessen, soothe
- смањити
reduce, cut down, curtail, cut back, pare down

глагол
- make less severe, serious, or painful.
he wanted to mitigate misery in the world
синоними: alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken, l