Week 23 Flashcards Preview

English Dictionary > Week 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 23 Deck (15):
1

exploit

глагол
- искористити
use, utilize, exploit, avail, make the most of, draw on
- експлоатисати
exploit

именица
- подвиг
feat, stunt, exploit, accomplishment

именица
- a bold or daring feat.
the most heroic and secretive exploits of the war
синоними: feat, deed, act, adventure, stunt, escapade, achievement, accomplishment, attainment, lark, caper
- a software tool designed to take advantage of a flaw in a computer system, typically for malicious purposes such as installing malware.
if someone you don't know tweets you a link, it's either spam, an exploit, or probably both

глагол
- make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource).
500 companies sprang up to exploit this new technology
синоними: utilize, harness, use, make use of, turn/put to good us

2

wisdom (ˈwizdəm)

именица
- мудрост
wisdom, skill, astuteness

именица
- the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment; - the quality of being wise.
And a stoic is a person who combines the qualities of wisdom , upright dealing, and courage.

3

pond (pänd)

именица
- језерце
pond, lakelet, stank
- рибњак
fishpond, nurse pond, linn, fishery, piscina, pond

глагол
- запљуснути
splash, pond
- скупити се у језерце
pond

именица
- a small body of still water formed naturally or by hollowing or embanking.
Projecting eaves and bamboo verandahs shaped views of gardens with ponds , streams and artificial hills.
синоними: pool, waterhole, lake, tarn, reservoir, slough, beaver pond, lagoon

глагол
- hold back or dam up (flowing water or another liquid) to form a small lake.
Completely collapsed ponds were areas where the remnants of a dam were still present and water was partially ponded behind the dam, but at least part of the dam was fully breached and water was freely flowing through the breached area.

4

species (SHēz, ˈspēsēz)

именица
- врста
type, kind, sort, species, class, category

именица
- a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. The species is the principal natural taxonomic unit, ranking below a genus and denoted by a Latin binomial, e.g., Homo sapiens.
As in Darwin's theory of natural selection, a species must adjust to survive.
- the visible form of each of the elements of consecrated bread and wine in the Eucharist.

5

whip ((h)wip)

именица
- бич
whip, scourge, lash, whipcord
- улупани крем
whip
- ударац бичем
lash, whip, whang

глагол
- улупати
whip, whisk, beat up
- бичевати
cow-hide, scourge, whip
- ошинути
whip, strike

именица
- a strip of leather or length of cord fastened to a handle, used for flogging or beating a person or for urging on an animal.
I wouldn't be surprised if they walked around their office wearing tight leather and vinyl with whips and riding crops at their sides.
синоними: lash, scourge, strap, belt, rod, bullwhip, cat-o'-nine-tails
- a thing or person resembling a whip in form or function.
a licorice whip

глагол
- beat (a person or animal) with a whip or similar instrument, especially as a punishment or to urge them on.
There they kicked us, beat us, whipped us with electric cables and shocked us with electricity!
синоними: flog, scourge, flagellate, lash, strap, belt, thrash, beat,

6

rubber (ˈrəbər)

именица
- гума
tire, rubber, gum, India rubber
- кондом
condom, rubber, preservative
- масер
masseur, massagist, rubber
- гумица за брисање
eraser, rubber

именица
- a tough elastic polymeric substance made from the latex of a tropical plant or synthetically.
One advantage of this material is that it is more resistant to alcohols than natural rubber latex and vinyl.
- a contest consisting of a series of successive matches (typically three or five) between the same sides or people in tennis, cricket, and other games.
They couldn't beat Jill Schofield and Viv Williamson but won five of the rubbers , top scorers for Poppleton being Kath Halliday and Hilary Spencer winning 22 games.

7

slight (slīt)

придев
- танак
thin, slender, fine, light, wispy, slight
- вижљаст
slight

глагол
- омаловажавати
vilify, disrespect, slight, underestimate, disdain
- дати некоме корпу
slight

именица
- ниподаштавање
scorn, slur, slight

придев
- small in degree; inconsiderable.
a slight increase
синоними: small, modest, tiny, minute, inappreciable, negligible, insignificant, minimal, remote, slim, faint, razor-thin, minuscule, de minimis, exiguous

именица
- an insult caused by a failure to show someone proper respect or attention.
an unintended slight can create grudges
синоними: insult, affront, snub, rebuff, put-down, brush-off, dig

глагол
- insult (someone) by treating or speaking of them without proper respect or attention.
he was careful not to slight a guest
синоними: insult, snub, rebuff, repulse, spurn, treat dis

8

flaw (flô)

именица
- мана
flaw, drawback, defect, fault, manna, shortcoming
- пукотина
fissure, crack, crevice, gap, cleft, flaw
- дефект
breakdown, flaw
- јак налет ветра
blast, flaw

именица
- a mark, fault, or other imperfection that mars a substance or object.
plates with flaws in them were sold at the outlet store
синоними: defect, blemish, fault, imperfection, deficiency, weakness, weak spot/point/link, inadequacy, shortcoming, limitation, failing, foible, hamartia, bug, glitch
- a squall of wind; a short storm.
High cirrus clouds form white streaks across its surface and a number of dark storms act as flaws and focus for the eye.

глагол
- (of an imperfection) mar, weaken, or invalidate (something).
the computer game was flawed by poor programming

9

inanimate (inˈanəmit)

придев
- нежив
inanimate
- без живота
lifeless, inanimate, spiritless, insensate, dead-alive

10

concern (kənˈsərn)

именица
- брига
care, concern, worry, bother, trouble, botheration
- интерес
interest, concern, behoof
- предузеће
enterprise, firm, concern

глагол
- забринути
concern, worry, trouble, distress, disturb
- бавити се
engage in, deal in, go in for, have, concern
- тицати се
regard, concern, pertain

11

reach (rēCH)

именица
- дохват
reach, grasp
- видокруг
sight, view, horizon, perspective, ken, reach
- домашај
range, reach, throw
- досезање
reach

глагол
- достићи
reach, achieve, catch up, make, come to
- стићи
arrive, reach, get, catch up, come, get in
- дохватити
reach, grab
- допрети
reach
- посегнути
reach, impinge, infringe
- испружити
stretch out, reach, spread out, extend, reach out, put out
- навршити
turn, reach, pass
- догурати
reach
- предати
deliver, surrender, hand over, hand, give in, reach
- додати
add, add to, pass, append, hand, reach
- прикупити
collect, summon, reach, rally, whip up, marshal

именица
- an act of reaching out with one's arm.
she made a reach for him
a continuous extent of land or water, especially a stretch of river between two bends, or the part of a canal between locks.
the upper reaches of the Nile

глагол
- stretch out an arm in a specified direction in order to touch or grasp something.
he reached over and turned off his bedside light
синоними: stretch out, hold out, extend, outstretch, thrust out, stick out

12

assumption (əˈsəm(p)SHən)

именица
- претпоставка
assumption, presumption, hypothesis, supposition, conjecture, surmise
- преузимање
assumption

именица
- a thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, without proof.
they made certain assumptions about the market
синоними: supposition, presumption, belief, expectation, conjecture, speculation, surmise, guess, premise, hypothesis, conclusion, deduction, inference, illation, notion, impression
- the action of taking or beginning to take power or responsibility.
the assumption of an active role in regional settlements
синоними: seizure, arrogation, appropriation, expropriation, commandeering, confiscation, hijacking, wresting; acceptance, shouldering, tackling, undertaking
- the reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven. This was formally declared a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1950.
His Requiem Mass was celebrated in the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
- arrogance or presumption.

13

facility (fəˈsilətē)

именица
- способност
ability, capability, capacity, competence, faculty, facility
- лакоћа
lightness, easiness, facility, levity, levitation, legerity
- вештина
skill, art, ability, craft, crafts, facility
- инсталације
facility
- постројење
plant, facility

именица
- space or equipment necessary for doing something.
cooking facilities
синоними: provision, space, means, potential, equipment; amenity, resource, service, advantage, convenience, benefit; establishment, center, place, station, location, premises, site, post, base, joint, outfit, setup
- an ability to do or learn something well and easily; a natural aptitude.
he had a facility for languages
синоними: aptitude, talent, gift, flair, bent, skill, knack, genius, ability, proficiency, compete

14

appropriate

придев
- прикладан
suitable, appropriate, convenient, apposite, correlative, neat
- згодан
convenient, handsome, suitable, attractive, appropriate, opportune
- сврсисходан
useful, appropriate
- сходан
appropriate, fitting

глагол
- одредити
determine, set, define, designate, appoint, appropriate
- определити
decide, determine, destine, appropriate
- присвојити
usurp, arrogate, appropriate, preempt, assume, convert

придев
-suitable or proper in the circumstances.
a measure appropriate to a wartime economy
синоними: suitable, proper, fitting, apt, right, relevant, pertinent, apposite, convenient, opportune, seemly, befitting, ad rem, meet

глагол
- take (something) for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission.
his images have been appropriated by advertisers
синоними: seize, commandeer, expropriate, annex, arrogate, sequestrate, sequester, take over, hijack; steal, take, swipe, nab, bag, pinch; plagiarize, copy, poach, steal, borrow, rip off
- devote (money or assets) to a special purpose.
there can be problems in appropriating funds for legal expenses
синоними: allocate, assign, allot, earmark, set aside, devote, apportion

15

provide (prəˈvīd)

глагол
- обезбедити
provide, ensure, secure, supply, assure, insure
- снабдети
supply, provide, furnish, cater, equip, stock
- обдарити
endow, provide, invest

глагол
- make available for use; supply.
these clubs provide a much appreciated service for this area
синоними: supply, give, issue, furnish, come up with, dispense, bestow, impart, produce, yield, bring forth, bear, deliver, donate, contribute, pledge, advance, spare, part with, allocate, distribute, allot, put up, fork out, lay out, ante up, pony up
- make adequate preparation for (a possible event).
new qualifications must provide for changes in technology
синоними: prepare, allow, make provision, be prepared, arrange, get ready, plan, cater
- stipulate in a will or other legal document.
the order should be varied to provide that there would be no contact with the father
синоними: stipulate, lay down, make it a condition, require, order, ordain, demand, prescribe, state, specify
- appoint an incumbent to (a benefice).
Sometime after April 18, 1378, he was provided to the bishopric by Urban, and consecrated before March 26, 1379.