243 - Hydronephrosis/Nephrolitia Flashcards Preview

Repro/GU by Minnie (she/her) > 243 - Hydronephrosis/Nephrolitia > Flashcards

Flashcards in 243 - Hydronephrosis/Nephrolitia Deck (6)
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1

At which 3 points in the ureter is a stone most likely to get stuck?

Ureteral pelvic junction (UPJ)

Iliac vessels

Ureteral vesical juction (UVJ)

2

What is the most serious complication of post-obstructvie diuresis?

Hyponatremia

 

This can be fatal

3

How would you manage a septic patient with hydronephrosis and an obstructing stone in the proximal ureter?

Place a stent or percutaneous nephrostomy tube

4

List the top 3 most common kinds of kidney stones

Calcium oxalate

Uric acid

Calcium phosphate

5

What are the classifications of hypercalcuria?

Absorptive (from GI)

Renal leak

Primary hyperparathyroidism

6

What is the difference between hydronephrosis and obstructive nephropathy?

Hydronephrosis = any dilation in renal pelvis and calyces

Obstructive nephropathy = damage to renal parenchyma due to obstruction