3: Personality disorders Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry Week 3 2018/19 > 3: Personality disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3: Personality disorders Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is your personality?

Predictable patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving

no matter the time, space or context

2

What is the difference between a problematic trait and a disorder?

Traits are normal but may cause social problems sometimes

Disorders are chronic, persistent problems which impact daily living

3

Which model for describing personality is currently most favoured?

Five factor model

4

Which mnemonic helps you to remember the five types of personality under the five factor model?

CANOE / OCEAN

5

What are the five factors of personality?

OCEAN

Openness

Conscientiousness

Extraversion

Agreeableness

Neuroticism

6

Which personality model has a minimal evidence base but is still widely used for some reason?

Myers-Briggs

7

How many criteria are there for diagnosing a personality disorder?

6

8

The first criteria for diagnosing a personality disorder is persistent ___ from cultural norms.

deviation

i.e you don't behave, think or feel emotions the way most other people do

9

The deviations from the norm in the four areas diagnostic of personality disorder need to be ___ and causing ___ or impairment in daily function.

persistent

distress or impairment in daily function

10

The first criteria for diagnosing personality disorders is deviation from cultural norms in which four areas?

Cognition

Affectivity - mood and reactions to stuff

Interpersonal function - relationships

Impulse control

11

In personality disorders, what four areas can patients deviate in?

Cognition

Affectivity

Interpersonal function

Impulse control

12

Personality disorders are (flexible / inflexible), meaning they (change / don't change) depending on the situation.

inflexible

don't change in response to time, context or environment

13

Personality disorders impair a patient's daily ___.

impair daily function

14

When in a patient's life do personality disorders tend to start?

Childhood / Adolescence

15

To be diagnosed as a personality disorder, a patient's behaviour cannot be explained by which factors?

Co-existing psychiatric disorder

Co-existing medical condition

Substance use

16

What is the prevalence of personality disorders in the population?

Around 10%

17

What is the most common type of personality disorder?

Obsessive compulsive personality disorder

which is NOT the same as OCD

18

What are the three general groups of personality disorders?

Cluster A - odd and eccentric

Cluster B - dramatic and emotional

Cluster C - anxious and avoidant

19

Which personality disorders come under Cluster

A

B

C

according to the DSM-IV?

Cluster A paranoid, schizoid

Cluster B - antisocial, borderline and histrionic

Cluster C - avoidant, obsessive compulsive, dependent

20

How are personality disorders managed?

Behavioural therapy