What is your personality?
Predictable patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving
no matter the time, space or context
What is the difference between a problematic trait and a disorder?
Traits are normal but may cause social problems sometimes
Disorders are chronic, persistent problems which impact daily living
Which model for describing personality is currently most favoured?
Five factor model
Which mnemonic helps you to remember the five types of personality under the five factor model?
CANOE / OCEAN
What are the five factors of personality?
Which personality model has a minimal evidence base but is still widely used for some reason?
How many criteria are there for diagnosing a personality disorder?
The first criteria for diagnosing a personality disorder is persistent ___ from cultural norms.
i.e you don't behave, think or feel emotions the way most other people do
The deviations from the norm in the four areas diagnostic of personality disorder need to be ___ and causing ___ or impairment in daily function.
distress or impairment in daily function
The first criteria for diagnosing personality disorders is deviation from cultural norms in which four areas?
Affectivity - mood and reactions to stuff
Interpersonal function - relationships
In personality disorders, what four areas can patients deviate in?
Personality disorders are (flexible / inflexible), meaning they (change / don't change) depending on the situation.
don't change in response to time, context or environment
Personality disorders impair a patient's daily ___.
impair daily function
When in a patient's life do personality disorders tend to start?
Childhood / Adolescence
To be diagnosed as a personality disorder, a patient's behaviour cannot be explained by which factors?
Co-existing psychiatric disorder
Co-existing medical condition
What is the prevalence of personality disorders in the population?
What is the most common type of personality disorder?
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder
which is NOT the same as OCD
What are the three general groups of personality disorders?
Cluster A - odd and eccentric
Cluster B - dramatic and emotional
Cluster C - anxious and avoidant
Which personality disorders come under Cluster
according to the DSM-IV?
Cluster A - paranoid, schizoid
Cluster B - antisocial, borderline and histrionic
Cluster C - avoidant, obsessive compulsive, dependent
How are personality disorders managed?